高三英语第一次周练 总分:100 分 时间:80 分钟 第一节:单项选择(每小题 1 分,共 15 分) 1. It’s the third time he _________with her in a week. A. had quarreled B. quarreled C. has quarreled D. quarreling 2. I need to get a part-time job________some money for my school expenses. A. in order that earn B. in order to earn C. earning D. earn 3. Please ________ the numbers and I’m sure they will________ more than 1,000. A. add; add up B. add up; add up C. add up; add up to D. add to; add up 4. The number of people invited_______ fifty, but a number of them_______ absent for different reasons. A. were, was B. was, were C. was, was D. were, were 5. It’s already 10 o’clock. I wonder how it____ that she was two hours late on such a short trip. A. came over B. came out C. came about D. came up 6. Mr. Hall understands that _______ maths has always been easy for him, it is not easy for the students. A. unless B. since C. although D. when 7. The film ______ on the book by Jack London is well worth________. A. basing; seeing B. based; being seen C. to be based; to see D. based; seeing 8. They began to think about what use could be _______ such materials. A. made up B. made from C. made of D. made out 9. You may pay attention______ the teacher said in class. A. to which B. to what C. for what D. for that 10. One minute he burst into_______ and the next burst out_______. We just couldn’t catch her mood at any moment. A. crying; laughter B. tears; laughing C. tears; laughter D. crying; laughing 11. Only when ______ possible to settle the problem. A. does the chief editor come will it be B. has the chief editor come it will be C. the chief editor comes will it be D. the chief editor comes it will be 12. 一 Why do you choose to work in an international travel agency? 一 Well, you know, English is my . So it is my best choice. A. strength B. talent C. ability D.' skill 13. Anyone, whether he is an official or a bus driver, should be respected. A. especially B. equally C. naturally . D. normally 14. China recently tightened its waters controls near the Huangyan Island to prevent Chinese fishing boats from in the South China Sea. A. attacking B. having attacked C. being attacked D. having been attacked 15. You had better________ some time every day for sports so that you can keep yourself energetic.

A. set aside B. take up C. put away D. give out 第二节:完形填空 第二节完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出可以填入空白处的 最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 I often read of incidents of misunderstanding or conflict. I ?m left 16 . Why do these people create mistrust and problems, especially with those from other 17 ? I was growing up in Kuala Lumpur in the early 1960s, 18 children from different races and religions played and studied 19 in harmony. At that time my family lived a stone s 20 from Ismail?s. And no one was bothered that Ismail was a Malay Muslim and Iwas an Indian Hindu——we just 21 our differences. Perhaps, our elders had not filled our heads with unnecessary advice,well 22 or otherwise. We were nine when we became friends. During the school holidays, we'd 23 the countryside on our bicycles, hoping to 24 the unexpected. At times Ismail would accompany my family as we made a rare shopping trip to town. We would be glad of his 25 . When I was twelve, my family moved to Johor. Ismail s family later returned to their village, and I 26 touch with him. One spring afternoon in 1983, I stopped a taxi in Kuala Lumpur. I 27 my destination. The driver acknowledged my 28 but did not move off. Instead, he looked 29 at me. “Raddar?" he said, using my childhood nickname(绰号). I was astonished at being so 30 addressed (称呼). Unexpectedly! It was Ismail! Even after two 31 we still recognized each other. Grasping his shoulder, I felt a true affection, something 32 to describe. If we can allow our children to be 33 without prejudice, they'll build friendships with people, regardless of race or religion, who will be 34 their side through' thick and thin. On such friendships are societies built and 35 we can truly be, as William Shakespeare once wrote, 44we happy few, we band of brothers". 16. A. interested B. pleased C. puzzled D. excited 17. A. parties B. cities C. villages D. races 18. A. why B. which C. how D. when 19. A. together B. around C. alone D. apart 20. A. drop B. throw C. move D. roll 21. A. refused B. made C. sought D. accepted 22. A. paid B. meant C. preserved D. treated 23. A. explore B. search C. discover D. desert 24. A. get through B. deal with C. come across D. take away 25. A. arrival B. choice C. effort D. company 26.A. lost B. gained C. developed D. missed 27.A. stated B. ordered C. decided D. chose 28.A. attempts B. instructions C. opinions D. arrangements 29.A. anxiously B. carelessly C. disappointedly D. fixedly 30.A.familiarly B. strangely C. fully D. coldly 31.A.departures B. months C. years D. decades 32.A.possible B. funny C. hard D. clear 33.A.them B. themselves C. us D. ourselves

34.A. from B. by C. with D. against 35.A. still B. otherwise C. then D. instead 第三部分阅读理解(共 20 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 40 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将 该项涂黑 A The Pacific island nation of Nauru used to be a beautiful place. Now it is an ecological disaster area. Nauru?s heartbreaking story could have one good consequence — other countries might learn from its mistakes. For thousands of years, Polynesian people lived the remote island of Nauru, far from western civilization. The first European to arrive was John Fearn in 1798. He was the British captain of the Hunter, a whaling ship. He called the island Pleasant Island. However, because it was very remote, Nauru had little communication with Europeans at first. The whaling ships and other traders began to visit, bringing guns and alcohol. These elements destroyed the social balance of the twelve family groups on the island. A ten-year civil war started, which reduced the population from 1,400 to 900. Nauru?s real troubles began in 1899 when a British mining company discovered phosphate (磷酸盐)on the island. In fact, it found that the island of Nauru was nearly all phosphate, which a very important fertilizer for farming. The company began mining the phosphate. A phosphate mine is not a hole in the ground; it is a strip mine. When a company strip-mines, it removes the top layer of soil. Then it takes away the material it wants. Strip mining totally destroys the land. Gradually, the lovely island of Nauru started to look like the moon. In 1968, Nauru became one of the richest countries in the world. Every year the government received millions and millions of dollars for its phosphate. Unfortunately, the leaders invested the money unwisely and lost millions of dollars. In addition, they used millions more dollars for personal expenses. Soon people realized that they had a terrible problem — their phosphate was running out. Ninety percent of their island was destroyed and they had nothing. By 2000, Nauru was financially ruined. Experts say that it would take approximately $433,600,000 and more than 20 years to repair the island. This will probably never happen. 36. What might be the author?s purpose in writing the text? A. To seek help for Nauru?s problems. B. To give a warning to other countries C. To show the importance of money D. To tell a heartbreaking story of a war. 37. What was Nauru like before the Europeans came? A. Rich and powerful B. Modern and open C. Peaceful and attractive D. Greedy and aggressive 38. The ecological disaster in Nauru resulted from _______. A. soil pollution B. phosphate overmining C. farming activity D. whale hunting 39. Which of the following was a cause of Nauru?s financial problem? A. Its leaders misused the money B. It spent too much repairing the island C. Its phosphate mining cost much money D. It lost millions of dollars in the civil

war. 40. What can we learn about Nauru from the last paragraph? A. The ecological damage is difficult to repair. B. The leaders will take the experts? words seriously. C. The island was abandoned by the Nauruans D. The phosphate mines were destroyed B One of the greatest contributions to the first Oxford English Dictionary was also one of its most unusual. In 1879, Oxford University in England asked Prof. James Murray to serve as editor for what was to be the most ambitious dictionary in the history of the English language. It would include every English word possible and would give not only the definition but also the history of the word and quotations (引文)showing how it was used. This was a huge task. So Murrary had to find volunteers from Britain, the United States, and the British colonies to search every newspaper, magazine, and book ever written in English. Hundreds of volunteers responded, including William Chester Minor. Dr. Minor was an American Surgeon who had served in the Civil War and was now living in England. He gave his address as “Broadmoor, Crowthorne, Berkshire,”” 50 miles from Oxford. Minor joined the army of volunteers sending words and quotations to Murray. Over the next years, he became one of the staff?s most valued contributors. But he was also a mystery. In spite of many invitations, he would always decline to visit Oxford. So in 1897, Murray finally decided to travel to Crowthorne himself. When he arrived, he found Minor locked in a book-lined cell at the Broadmoor Asylum for the Criminally insane. Murray and Minor became friends, sharing their love of words. Minor continued contributing to the dictionary, sending in more than 10,000 submissions in 20 years. Murray continued to visit Minor regularly, sometimes taking walks with him around the asylum grounds. In 1910, Minor left Broadmoor for an asylum in his native America. Murray was at the port to wave goodbye to his remarkable friend. Minor died in 1920, seven years before the first edition of the Oxford English Dictionary was completed. The 12 volumes defined 414,825 words, and thousands of them were contributions from a very scholarly and devoted asylum patient. 41. According to the text, the first Oxford English Dictionary _________. A. came out before minor died B. was edited by an American volunteer C. included the English words invented by Murray D. was intended to be the most ambitious English dictionary 42. How did Dr. Minor contributed to the dictionary? A. He helped Murray to find hundreds of volunteers. B. He sent newspapers, magazines and books to Murray. C. He provided a great number of words and quotations D. he went to England to work with Murray. 43. Why did Dr. Minor refuse to visit Oxford? A. He was shut in an asylum B. He lived far from Oxford C. He was busy writing a book D. He disliked traveling

44. Prof. Murray and Dr. Minor became friends mainly because __________. A. they both served in the Civil War. B. They had a common interest in words C. Minor recovered with the help of Murray D. Murray went to America regularly to visit Minor 45. Which of the following best describe Dr. Minor? A. Brave and determined B. Cautious and friendly C. Considerate and optimistic D. Unusual and scholarly C San Francisco has its cable cars. Seattle has its Space Needle. And, Longview has its squirrel bridge. The bridge, which has attracted international attention, is now a local landmark. The Nutty Narrows Bridge was built in 1963 by a local builder, Amos Peters, to give squirrels a way to cross the busy road without getting flattened by passing cars. The original bridge was built over Olympia Way on the west edge of the library grounds. Before the bridge was built, squirrels had to avoid traffic to and from the Park Plaza office building where office staff put out a nutty feast for the squirrels. Many times, Peters and others who worked in and near Park Plaza witnessed squirrels being run over. One day Peters found a dead squirrel with a nut still in its mouth, and that day?s coffee break discussion turned into squirrel safety. The group of businessmen cooked up the squirrel bridge idea and formed a committee to ask the blessing of the City Council(市政会).The Council approved, and Councilwoman Bess LaRiviere named the bridge “Nutty Narrows.” After architects designed the bridge, Amos Peters and Bill Hutch started Construction, They built the 60-foot bridge from aluminum and lengths of fire hose(消防水带). It cost 1,000. It didn?t take long before reports of squirrels using the bridge started. Squirrels were even seen guiding their young and teaching them the ropes. The story was picked up by the media, and Nutty Narrows became know in newspapers all over the world. In 1983, after 20 years of use, Peters took down the worn-out bridge. Repairs were made and crosspieces were replaced. The faded sign was repainted and in July 1983, hundreds of animal lovers attended the completion ceremony of the new bridge. Peters died in 1984, and a ten-foot wooden squirrel sculpture was placed near the bridge in memory of its builder and his devotion to the project. 46. The Nutty Narrows Bridge was built in order to ________. A. offer squirrels a place to eat nuts B. set up a local landmark C. help improve traffic D. protect squirrels 47. What happened over the coffee break discussion? A. The committee got the Council?s blessing. B. The squirrel bridge idea was born C. A councilwoman named the bridge D. A squirrel was found dead. 48. What does the underlined phrase “teaching them the ropes” probably means in the text? A. passing them a rope B. Directing them to store food for winter C. Teaching them a lesson D. Showing them how to use the bridge. 49. Which of the following is true of the squirrel bridge? A. It was replaced by a longer one. B. It was built from wood and metal

C. it was rebuilt after years of use D. It was designed by Bill Hutch. 50. What can we learn about Amos Peters? A. He is remembered for his love of animals. B. He donated $1,000 to build the bridge C. He was a member of the City Council D. He was awarded a medal for building the bridge. D. What makes a gift special? Is it the price you see on the gift receipt? Or is it the look on the recipient's face when they receive it that determines the true value? What gift is worth the most? This Christmas I was debating what to give my father. My dad is a hard person to buy for because he never wants anything. I pulled out my phone to read a text message from my mom saying that we were leaving for Christmas shopping for him when I came across a message on my phone that I had locked. The message was from my father. My eyes fell on a photo of a flower taken in Wyoming. and underneath a poem by William Blake. The flower, a lone dandelion standing against the bright blue sky, inspired me. My dad had been reciting those words to me since I was a kid. That may even be the reason why I love writing. I decided that those words would be my gift to my father. I called back. I told my mom to go without me and that I already created my gift. I sent the photo of the cream-colored flower to my computer and typed the poem on top of it. As I was arranging the details another poem came to mind. The poem was written by Edgar Allan Poe; my dad recited it as much as he did the other. I typed that out as well and searched online for a background to the words of it. The poem was focused around dreaming, and after searching I found the perfect picture. The image was painted with blues and greens and purples, twisting together to create the theme and wonder of a dream. As I watched both poems passing through the printer, the white paper coloring with words that shaped my childhood. I felt that this was a gift that my father would truly appreciate. Christmas soon arrived. The minute I saw the look on my dad's face as he unwrapped those swirling black letters carefully placed in a cheap frame, I knew I had given the perfect gift. 51. The idea for a special gift began to form when the author was______. A. doing shopping B. having a debate C. reading a message D. leaving for Wyoming 52. The author's inspiration for the gift came from_____. A. a photo of a flower B. a story about a kid C. a call from the mother D. a text about Christmas 53. The underlined word "it" in Paragraph 3 refers to a poem by_____. A. the father B. the author C. William Blake D. Edgar Allan Poe 54. The author made the gift by_____. A. searching for the poems online B. drawing the background by hand C. painting the letters in three colors D. matching the words with pictures 55. What is the main purpose of the passage? A. To show how to design images for gifts. B. To suggest making gifts from one's heart. C. To explain how computers help create gifts.

D. To describe the gifts the author has received 第四部 阅读表达(共 5 小题,每小题 3 分,满分 15 分) 阅读下面短文并回答问题, 然后将答案写到答案卡相应的位置上 (请注意 76 至 79 四个小题 后面的词数要求) 。 [1] Ashley Power?s mother bought a computer for her when she was eight. When she was thirteen, she was surfing the Internet regularly, but she couldn?t find anywhere for teenagers to meet and talk. And one day she thought, “If I had my own website, I?d make it a really interesting site for teenagers.” [2]So, when Ashley was sixteen, she launched her own website, called Goosehead. She had no idea how big a success it would be, but three years later, the site was the most successful teen site in the USA! It was getting 100,000 hits every day, and Ashley had about 30 employees. [3] After a few years, the website closed down. Then Ashley, who lives in Los Angeles, was asked to write a book called The Goosehead Guide to Life. The book is about how to design a website and start a business. It begins with a section called “All About Ashley,” where Ashley tells readers what it is like to be the boss of a company when you are only sixteen. “ I was so happy. But it was crazy in a lot of ways. I got very stressed. I mean, I was only sixteen — I didn?t even have a car! If you were sixteen and you had your own company, you?d be stressed, too!“ [4] In an interview Ashley gave advice to teenagers who wanted to start their own business, “Just be strong and have your dreams and work hard at them. And don?t listen when _______, because I heard ?no? a lot. Just keep going until you hear ?yes?!” 56. For what purpose did Ashley create GooseHead?(no more than 10 words) ____________________________________________________________________________ _ 57. What is the main idea of Paragraph 2? (no more than 6 words) ____________________________________________________________________________ _ 58. According to paragraph 3, what did Ashley do after GooseHead closed down?(no more than 10 words) ____________________________________________________________________________ _ 59. How did Ashley feel as a young boss of a company?(no more than 5 words) ____________________________________________________________________________ _ 60. Fill in the blank in Paragraph 4 with proper words. ____________________________________________________________________________ _


河北省张家口市第一中学高三英语第一次周练8月13日 Word版含答案