开放类作文在近几年高考中的比例不断增大，试题往往 给出一定素材或主题，让学生在此基础上自由发挥，不受 “文体形式，内容要点”的限制，难度较大。写该类作文 时，首先要立意准确，把握好文章要表达的中心思想，然后 再谋篇布局。
[典型示例] 现如今我国中小学生近视率普遍增高，请你就自己学校 的情况，用英文说一说中学生近视的情况。 注意：1.120～150词。 2．参考词汇：近视的nearsighted
审题谋篇 1．本篇为开放性作文，为常见形式，目的是引起学生 对中学生近视这一现象的重视。 2．人称：第三人称 3．时态：一般现在时态
4．写作要点： ①介绍调查中学生近视的情况 ②分析近视的原因 ③就怎样预防近视提些建议
常用模板 Ⅰ.格式模板 开头：Recently a survey was conducted... 正文：According to the survey... I think... 结尾：As far as I am concerned...
Ⅱ.句式模板 1．随着年龄的增长 ①with the growing of the age 2．原因(之一)是…… ①one of the reasons is that... ②why... is that... ②as the age grows
尝试运用 1．随着年龄的增长，越来越多的学生受到近视的影 响。 With the growing of the age, more and more students are affected by nearsightedness.(改成状语从句) _________________________________________________ 2．我认为原因之一是他们用眼时间太长。 _________________________________________________
佳文点睛 Recently a survey was conducted in my school. ________ the survey, the nearsighted rates and reasons for it can be varied in terms of age and personal habit. 23% of the primary school students, 55% of the junior school students and 70% of the senior school students are nearsighted.
Why are they affected by nearsightedness? I think one of the reasons is that they use their eyes too long. ________， they read books while walking, taking the bus and under the strong light. ________， they lack the knowledge of eye protection. ________， if you want to have bright eyes, you should avoid the bad habit of using eyes too long.
[跟踪演练] (2013· 襄阳四校期中联考) 请根据以下提示，结合生活中的一个事例，就“乐观” 这一话题，用英语写一篇短文。 Optimism always leads to happiness, health and success while pessimism, by contrast, results in hopelessness, sickness and failure. That's because optimists and pessimists deal with the same challenges and disappointments in very different ways.
注意：1.无须写标题，不得照抄英语提示语； 2．除诗歌之外，文体不限； 3．内容必须结合生活中的一个事例； 4．文中不得透露个人姓名和学校名称； 5．词数为120左右。 _____________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________
答案： [尝试运用] 1．As the age grows, more and more students are affected by nearsightedness. 2．I think one of the reasons is that they use their eyes too long. [佳文点睛] According to；What's worse；Besides；As far as I am concerned
[跟踪演练] One possible version： Optimism is important in all aspects of our life. If you can change your mind from pessimism, you can change your life.
Up to the beginning of senior grade two, I did poorly in my English but I didn't give in because I was always encouraged by both the people around me and myself. I kept practicing speaking, listening, reading and writing. When I was fed up with reading or writing, I usually entertained myself by reading some interesting English stories, jokes and humors or seeing English films. When I had some trouble in reciting or memorizing, I tried to amuse myself by playing word games or singing English songs. By this means, I always
made myself cheerful and optimistic, full of splendid and colorful dreams of future. I kept practicing. Gradually, I made progress in my English. Thanks to the optimism, I have become one of the top students in my class by now.