高三英语学生暑假自主学习讲义（八） 【基础知识训练】 一、根据汉语意思或首字母提示用本单元单词的适当形式填空。 1. Not all advertisements provide us with true information. Now and then we should exercise good judgment to tell what is ____________（可靠的）. 2. Some people consider that cloning human embryos with the ____________ （意图） of destroying them shows no respect for human life. 3. Safety taken into consideration, Mary?s parents hesitated to give p____________ for her driving alone when she was in senior high school. 4. He lacks sound j____________, which means he doesn?t exactly know what is right or wrong. 5. His father wanted him to follow in his f__________, but he was determined to do something else with his life. 6. In this book, Adam Smith?s emphasis that the ____________（无形的） hand usually leads markets to allocate resources efficiently. 7. I?m planning to hold a party in the open air, but I can give no ____________（保证）because it depends on the weather. 8. While this kind of humor may sound cruel, it usually only works if both the comedian and the audience have a____________ for or admire the person being made fun of. 9. The restaurant offers a wide v____________ of dishes, from Asian to western food. 10. Parents should encourage their children to p____________ in after-school activities in order to improve themselves. 二、用所给动词的适当形式填空。 1. The play _______________（play）next month aims mainly to reflect the local culture. 2. Rainforests ________________（cut）and burned at such a speed that they will disappear from the earth in the future. 3. _______________ （determine） to get a ticket for the concert, George has been standing in a queue for two hours. 4. --- I think the waiter has forgotten us. We ________________（wait）here for an hour! --- I think you?re right. He probably thinks we have already ordered our food. 5. ________________（avoid）being affected, the students insist that he ______________（be）separated from his desk mate, who is very naughty. 6. China ________________（see）a sharp increase in the number of aged people over the past decade. 7. ________________（take）good care of, the old man is living a happy life. 8. Don?t bother to look for the dictionary. It ________________（turn up）somewhere some day. 9. Who will you have ________________（translate）the article into Japanese? 10. Had Jack received six more votes in the election last week, he ________________（be）the chairman of the students? union now. 三、用方框里所给的短语的适当形式填空。 as to, point out, open up, use up, in favor of, toy with, be cautious with, for sale, comment on, concentrate on 1. As some scientists ____________, human cloning is not necessarily harmful to us. 2. The population in the world is becoming larger and larger and we will ____________the earth?s natural resources one day. 3. Anyone who ____________the law will pay dearly for his stupid behavior sooner or later. 4. As a senior high student, the only thing you should do is to ____________mastering as much knowledge as you can. 5. Could you care to ____________ the civil war taking place in that African country? 6. Tickets for the concert given by Lang Lang are ____________ at the box office. Let?s hurry to queue up. 7. Many countries ____________ building the nuclear power and Germany has announce that it will close down all the stations by 2020.
8. Most of the people present at the meeting were ____________my proposal while David was against it. 9. Scientific advance has ____________ the possibility of the curing the diseases such as cancer. 10. There is still some doubt ____________whether GM food is harmful to our health. 四、句子翻译 1． 财政压力迫使公司减少开支。 （cut back on） 2． 为了成功，我可以置生命安危于不顾，但决不会牺牲自己的人格。 （put…in danger） 3． 据说他们有几项科研计划正在实施。 （under way） 4． 他指责那个年轻人玩弄他女儿的感情。 （toy with） 5． 这样不得人心的政策是很难推行下去的。 （push ahead with） 【综合能力提升】 一、单项填空 请认真阅读下面各题，从题中所给的 A、B、C、D、四个选项中，选出最佳选项。 1. ---I?m really mad at what Jack said about my job yesterday. ---______! He was just kidding. A. Take your time B. Lighten up C. Take it easy D. Not at all 2. He got into the old truck and off ______to one of the far corners of the farm to fix the fences. A. did they rush B. they did rush C. they rushed D. rushed they 3. While I treasure my job as a sales manager, I never expected promoting a new product would ______so much work. A. request B. involve C. appoint D. classify 4. Tom is clever at numbers and I think he will ______ an excellent accountant. A. make B. turn C. appear D. grow 5. We enjoy much convenience of shopping online, but there is a danger ______we could become victims of fraud. A. what B. it C. that D. whether 6. As we?re three goals already down in the first period, the team needs to be encouraged to play more ______. A. offensively B. smoothly C. tentatively D. thoroughly 7. ---Business computing has been changing rapidly. ---I can?t agree more. By the year 2020 it will have changed ______recognition. A. beneath B. beyond C. before D. below 8. ---John, what do you think of the book Red Sorghum Clan by Mo Yan? ---You simply ______read it, for it was written in an unconventional way. A. shall B. can C. must D. will 9. Entertainment jobs are another category, included ______are singers, actors and musicians. A. in them B. in that C. in which D. in it 10. ______at the very beginning, the financial crisis was getting worse and worse in America. A. Not dealt with properly B. Not dealing with properly C. Not having dealt with properly D. Not being dealt with properly 11. ---Will you attend Jim?s birthday party? ---I will if I am invited ______he is the last person I want to see. A. because B. unless C. though D. as 12. ---How long have you been here, Susan? ---Only about five minutes. Alisa ______here with me. A. has walked B. walk C. had walked D. walked
13. ______more effectively with others, more and more people equip themselves with a higher education. A. Compete B. Being competed C. To compete D. Competing 14. ---Mum, where is my ball? I remember I put it here yesterday. ---You ______it in the wrong place. A. must put B. might put C. should have put D. might have put 15. ---So, Jessica, I?ve been told that you are a novelist? ---Far from it. I am just going to try writing to ______. A. get the picture B. kill the fatted calf C. face the music D. get my feet wet 二、完形填空 请认真阅读下面短文，从短文后各题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出最佳选项。 Every Saturday and Sunday morning, my father would throw his bike in the trunk of his car and explore new areas to ride. I was always 1 by this. What satisfaction did his bike provide him? It?s 2 a bike, right? That all 3 when I started riding my bike in our garage, which hadn?t been touched for nearly three years. I had been annoying my parents to help me 4 a bike for college. Scared but 5 , I decided to try riding it. I mean, wasn?t it supposed to be 6 ? Alas, it was not 7 ., I spent five or ten minutes riding around, doing small turns or practicing shifting gears（换挡）. Then I practised in the street. The greatest moment of it all is 8 my father was there with me, every step of the way. He ran up and down the street making sure my 9 wasn?t due to a negative result. I?ll never forget those moments. Who says 10 with your parents end before college? Then, college came. The look on my father?s face was 11 when he showed me how to lock my bike. Over various methods of communication, my father 12 ask: ?Did you ride your bike today?? 13 , for almost two months, my answer was no. Why? I was hesitant（迟疑的）. 14 was not on my schedule. But then, with a kick of confidence, I 15 my bike in September. All I kept thinking was that my father and mother would be 16 of me! Even if it was doing something as small as riding my bike! Now, all I want to do is ride my bike! There are 17 no words to describe the rush you get while riding your bike. To 18 myself, I set goals. It feels unbelievable to know that you hit your goals. The next time you are 19 with emotions, ride a bike. The best part of my cycling experience is that 20 you fall, you pick yourself back up. It?s as simple as that. 1. A. inspired B. confused C. embarrassed D. upset 2. A. merely B. actually C. exactly D. probably 3. A. improved B. arose C. worked D. changed 4. A. equip B. repair C. purchase D. ride 5. A. anxious B. curious C. serious D. cautious 6. A. easy B. boring C. dangerous D. awkward 7. A. In fact B. At last C. In all D. At first 8. A. where B. what C. when D. whether 9. A. screaming B. laughing C. talking D. whispering 10. A. conflicts B. memories C. talks D. holidays 11. A. annoyed B. strange C. priceless D. determined 12. A. could B. must C. should D. would 13. A. Unfortunately B. Occasionally C. Generally D. Happily 14. A. Traveling B. Failing C. Shopping D. Driving 15. A. put away B. picked up C. searched for D. got on 16. A. ashamed B. tired C. proud D. nervous 17. A. absolutely B. occasionally C. frequently D. eventually 18. A. persuade B. enjoy C. protect D. challenge 19. A. impressed B. choked C. bored D. moved
20. A. because B. though C. once D. unless 三、阅读理解 请认真阅读下列短文，从短文后各题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出最佳选项。 A One baobab tree in South Africa is so large that a popular pub has been established inside its trunk. Many local cultures consider baobab trees to be sacred （神圣的）. Others use them for their nutritious fruits, eatable leaves and beautiful flowers. But the size has not necessarily protected them. According to research published in Biological Conservation, two of Madagascar?s baobab tree species will lose much of their available habitat in the next 70 years. One species may not survive to the next century. Madagascar is home to seven of the world?s eight baobab species, six of which can be found nowhere else. The study—by scientists from the French agricultural research center CIRAD—relied on satellite images and field work to develop population estimates and distribution models for three baobab species. All three trees are currently listed as endangered on the IUCN Red List. The study suggests that two of the species should now be reclassified as seriously endangered. One of those species, A. perrieri, had the lowest current population, with just 99 trees observed during ten years of field study. The researchers estimate that climate change will decrease the habitat of this species from about 21000 square kilometers today to just over 6500 square kilometers in 2080. The second species, A. suarezensis, had a higher estimated current population of 15000 trees but a far smaller distribution area of just 1200 square kilometers. Based on climate change models, the researchers estimated that the distribution of this species will cover just 17 square kilometers by 2050 and could face potential extinction by 2080. The one bright spot in their study was A. grandidieri, the largest and most populous baobab species. The researchers counted an estimated one million trees with a distribution of more than 26000 square kilometers. This isn?t expected to change much by 2050. As the researchers point out, there?s nowhere left for the baobabs to go. Many baobab trees currently are in Protected Area Networks （PANs） established to preserve Madagascar?s biodiversity, but the areas outside many PANs have been almost completely changed to agriculture or cattle feeding areas, leaving no room for the trees to expand their distribution. The researchers wrote that the existing PAN system in Madagascar “is not likely to be effective for biodiversity conservation in the future” because the PANs will not always contain the ecological features necessary for the survival of the species that live inside them today. They suggest that the PAN system will need to be adapted. 1. According to the text, baobab trees ________. A. don?t bear fruits B. can only be seen in Africa C. are treated with respect in Madagascar D. have about a dozen species 2. It can be inferred from CIRAN?s study that ________. A. it?s not easy to estimate baobab trees? population B. the IUCN Red List needs to be adjusted C. satellite images are not totally reliable D. field work plays a great role in saving baobab trees 3. Of the three baobab species researched by CIRAD, ________. A. A.perrieri had the smallest distribution area B. all of them currently are in PANs C. A. grandidieri is the least endangered species D. A.suarezensis is likely to disappear in 2050 4. What is the best title for the text? A. There is an amazing big tree species in South Africa B. Climate change could wipe out baobab trees in Madagascar. C. Expanding baobab trees? distribution is an urgent task. D. More efforts should be made to protect native wildlife. B Eddie McKay, a once-forgotten pilot, is a subject of great interest to a group of history students in Canada. It all started when Graham Broad, a professor at the University of Western Ontario, found McKay?s name in a
footnote in a book about university history. Mckay was included in a list of university alumni （校友） who had served during the First World War, but his name was unfamiliar to Broad, a specialist in military history. Out of curiosity, Broad spent hours at the local archives（档案馆）in a fruitless search for information on McKay. Tired and discouraged, he finally gave up. On his way out, Broad?s glance happened to fall on an exhibiting case showing some old newspapers. His eye was drawn to an old picture of a young man in a rugby uniform. As he read the words beside the picture, he experienced a thrilling realization.” After looking for him all day, there he was, staring up at me out of the exhibiting case,” said Broad. Excited by the find, Broad asked his students to continue his search. They combed old newspapers and other materials for clues. Gradually, a picture came into view. Captain Alfred Edwin McKay joined the British Royal Flying Corps in 1916. He downed ten enemy planes, outlived his entire squadron（中队）as a WWI flyer, spent some time as a flying instructor in England, then returned to the front, where he was eventually shot down over Belgium and killed in December 1917. But there?s more to his story. “For a brief time in 1916 he was probably the most famous pilot in the world,” says Broad. “He was credited with downing Oswald Boclcke, the most famous German pilot at the time.” Yet, in a letter home, McKay refused to take credit, saying that Boelcke had actually crashed into another German plane. Mckay?s war records were destroyed during a World War II air bombing on London---an explanation for why he was all but forgotten. But now, thanks to the efforts of Broad and his students, a marker in McKay?s memory was placed on the university grounds in November 2007. “I found my eyes filling with tears as I read the word ?deceased（ ? 阵亡） next to his name,” said Corey Everrett, a student who found a picture of McKay in his uniform. “This was such a simple example of the fact that he had been a student just like us, but instead of finishing his time at Western, he chose to fight and die for his country.” 5. What made Professor Broad continue his search for more information on McKay? A. A uniform of McKay. B. A footnote about McKay. C. A book on McKay. D. A picture of McKay. 6. What did the students find out about McKay? A. He trained pilots for some time. B. He lived longer than other pilots. C. He died in the Second World War. D. He was downed by the pilot Boelcke. 7. McKay?s flying documents were destroyed in ________. A. Belgium B. Germany C. Canada D. England 8. We can learn from the last paragraph that McKay ________. A. preferred fight to his study B. went to war before graduation C. left a picture for Corey Everrett D. set an example for his fellow students 9. What is the text mainly about? A. The research into war history. B. The finding of a forgotten hero. C. The pilots of the two world wars. D. The importance of military studies. C In this passage adapted from a novel, a Canadian woman recalls for her childhood during the 1960s. Originally from China, the family travelled to Irvine, Ontario, Canada, where the parents opened a restaurant, the Dragon Café . As a young girl I never really thought about my parents? lives in Irvine, how small their world must have seemed, never extending beyond the Dragon Café . Every day my parents did the same jobs in the restaurant. I watched the same customers come for meals, for morning coffee, for afternoon soft drinks and French fries. For my parents one day was like the next. They settled into an uneasy and distant relationship with each other. Their love, their tenderness, they gave to me. But my life was changing. I became taller and bigger, my second teeth grew in white and straight. At school I began to learn about my adopted country. I spoke English like a native, without a trace of an accent. I played, though, and dreamed in the language of our Irvine neighbors. A few years later and I would no longer remember a time when
I didn?t speak their words and read their books. But my father and Uncle Yat still spoke the same halting English. My mother spoke only a few words. I began to translate conversations they had with the customers, switching between English and Chinese. Whenever I stepped outside the restaurant it seemed I was entering a world unknown to my family: school, church, friends? houses, the town beyond Main Street, I found it hard to imagine a year without winter any more, a home other than Irvine. For my mother, though, home would always be China. In Irvine she lived among strangers, unable to speak their language. Whenever she talked about happy times, they were during her childhood in that distant land. A wistful smile would soften her face as she told me about sleeping and playing with her sister in the attic above her parents ? bedroom. She once showed me a piece of jade-green silk cloth that was frayed and worn around the edge. In the center was a white lotus floating in varying shades of blue water, the embroidery （刺绣） so fine that when I held it at arm?s length the petals looked real. I had been helping her store away my summer clothes in the brown leather suitcase from Hong Kong when I noticed a piece of shiny material spread it on her lap. “My mother embroidered this herself. I was going to have it made into a cushion, but then my life changed and over here there seems to be no place for lovely things. It?s all I have that reminds me of her,” she said. “Maybe, Sun-Jen, one day you will do something with it.” I admired the cloth some more, then she carefully folded it and stored it back in her suitcase. There was little left from her old life. She said it was so long ago that sometimes it felt as if it had never happened. But she described her life with such clarity and vividness that I knew all those memories lived on inside her. There was so little in this new country that gave her pleasure. The good things she found were related in some way to China: an aria from a Chinese opera, a letter from a relative back home or from Aunt Hai-Lan in Toronto, written in Chinese, a familiar-looking script that I couldn?t read and that had nothing to do with my life in Canada. There were times when I felt guilty about my own happiness in Irvine. We had come to Canada because of me, but I was the only one who had found a home. 10. In the opening paragraph, the narrator emphasizes primarily ________about her parents? A. the dependability B. the diligence C. their routine lives D. their evolving relationship 11. The primary purpose of the second paragraph is to ________. A. provide insight into the motivations of the narrator?s parents and uncle B. emphasize the great transformation the narrator undergoes C. describe the complex interrelationships in the narrator?s family D. reveal the narrator?s preference for a cold climate over a warm one 12. According to the narrator, her mother experienced feelings of ________ in Canada. A. isolation B. confusion C. stability D. security 13. In paragraph 4 the mother?s memories of China are portrayed as ________. A. distant yet enduring B. occasional and vague C. lively but confused D. joyous and hopeful 14. The items mentioned in paragraph 4 had meaning for the mother because they ________. A. introduced her to a world rich in culture B. helped connect the narrator and her mother C. supplied her with familiar associations D. provided relief from her boring work routine 15. Which of the following best characterizes the narrator?s development? A. She grows apart from the cultural tradition of her parents. B. She overcomes the guilt she felt about her new found happiness. C. She begins to view the inhabitants of Irvine from her mother ?s perspective. D. She communicates less and less with her parents. 四、任务型阅读 请认真阅读下列短文,并根据所读内容在文章后表格中的空格里填入一个最恰当的单词。 注意：请将答案写在答题卡上相应题号的横线上。每个空格只填 1 个单词。 Over three million people will do their Christmas shopping entirely online this year without once visiting an actual shop, a poll has found. Overcrowding and long queues in shops are forcing people away from the high street as the trouble of Christmas
shopping becomes too much. The number of people turning their backs on the high street is almost one million higher than it was last year, according to the poll by YouGov. Last Christmas 2.4 million shoppers did not do any of their shopping in actual shops. The figure this year is predicted to be around 3.4 million, equivalent to around 7 percent of the adult population. Over a third of people said that the main turn-off about shopping on the high street is over-crowding. Meanwhile almost a quarter said that long queues at the check-out are the worst thing about it. Of the 2,065 people polled, even those who are still taking to the shops plan to spend less time in them this Christmas. Around 31 percent of shoppers who plan to spend at least some time on the high street will spend less than half of their shopping time in actual shops, using the rest of the time to shop remotely via the internet. This compares to 28 percent of people last year. Meanwhile, the proportion （比率） of people spending over half of their shopping time in high street shops has dropped from 41 percent last year to 39 percent this year. Just two percent of people said that they are looking forward to dealing with store staff this festive season. Guy Boxall, senior product marketing manager at Casio Business Solutions Division, which commissioned the research from YouGov, said that despite the fall in people visiting the high street, humans are “social creatures” who actually like spending time together. “Although the high street is facing a big challenge Christmas, retailers should see this research as a challenge to improve the in-store shopping experience, rather than the nail in the coffin （致命一 击） . We are social creatures, and the desire to spend time with each other, particularly at Christmas, is never going to go away,” said Mr Boxall. The poll found that people?s favourite aspects of Christmas shopping on the high street are being able to “wander around” looking for inspiration and being able to see and touch products. People were also keen on being able to carry products home, which is not possible when they order online. The Changing Way of（1）______on Christmas ●Over three million people will do their Christmas shopping entirely online this year,（3）______for 7 percent of the adult population. ●Those who are still in（4）______of the shops plan to spend less time in them this Christmas. ●（5）______ to that of last year, the proportion of people spending over half of their shopping time in high street shops has dropped. ●The percentage of people who look forward to dealing with store staff this festive season is very （6）______. ●People enjoy wandering around, seeing and touching products, and carrying products home when visiting a(n) （7）______shop. ●The street is（9）______ and this causes too much trouble. ●A quarter of people（10）______ about long queues at the check-out. Retailers should see this research as a challenge to improve the in-store shopping experience.
The （2） ______of the research
Reasons for the （8） ______of in-store shopping Conclusion
五、书面表达 一个好老师对学生的成长至关重要。那么，一个好老师应该具备哪些优秀品质呢？请你根据下表所提示 的信息，并结合自己的看法，用英语写一篇短文，谈谈比心中的好老师。 尊重学生，在乎学生的感受。 一个好老师应有的品质 你的看法 友好随和，与学生平等相处。 知识渊博，善于授人予渔。 （至少两点） 注意： 1． 对所有要点逐一陈述，适当发挥，不要简单翻译． 2． 词数 150 左右．开头已经写好，不计入总词数． 3． 文中不得提及有关考生个人信息，如校名＼人名等．
A good teacher plays a significant role in every student?s development. Then, what kind of teacher can be called a good teacher?