2018届高考英语一轮复习高效学案:必修1Unit3含答案解析


必修 1 Unit 3 Travel journal 游 记

晨读· 记忆
A Hard Trip My sister was fond of traveling. Ever sincegraduating, she hasbeen determined to organize a trip to an old temple. Since transporting fare was expensive, she decided to use a bicycle to cycle there not caring about the disadvantages. Her stubborn attitude was always her shortcoming. Once she made up her mindto do something, no one could persuade her to change her mind. Finally, we gave in as usual though we preferred to take a train. After we prepared everything, including the schedule, reliable weather forecast and the insurance, we began our trip. Our journey was along a river flowing from a high altitude. Our pace was slow because the river frequently had many sharp bends through deep valleys, where the water seemed to boil. Just as I recorded in my journal, it was really a hard journey. But we also enjoyed great views. One night, I put my head on my pillow--a parcel of wool coats, and lay beneath the stars. When the flame in front of our cavewent out at midnight, I found the sky so beautiful! 一次辛苦的旅行 我的妹妹很喜欢旅行。自从毕业以来,她就下定决心要组织一次往一座古庙的旅行。因为交通费用昂贵,她决 定骑自行车去,毫不担心其中的不利情况。顽固的态度一直都是她的缺点,一旦她下定决心要做的事,就没有人能 说服她改变主意。最后,我们像往常一样让步,尽管我们更喜欢乘火车去。我们准备好了所有东西,包括时间表、 可靠的天气预报,还有保险,就开始了旅程。 我们的旅程沿着一条从高海拔处流下来的河流前行。但我们的步伐很慢,因为当流经深深的峡谷时,这条河流 急转弯很多,急湍的河水都似乎沸腾起来。正如我在旅行日志里记录的那样,这真是一次艰苦的旅行。但是我们也 欣赏到了美丽的景色。一天晚上,我把头枕在一包羊毛衣服做的枕头上,躺在星空下,当岩洞前的火焰在午夜熄灭 时,我发现夜空是如此的美丽!

I.单词盘点
1.__________(n.) 2.__________(n.) 3.__________(vt.) → _________(n.) 4.__________(n.) → _________(n.) 5.__________(n.) 日记;杂志;定期刊物 运送;运输 (vt.)运送;运输 更喜欢;选择某物(而不选择其他事物) 偏爱;爱好 不利条件;不便之处 有利条件;益处;优越性 费用 8.__________(vi.) 9.__________(vi.) →__________(n.) 10._________(adv.) 11.__________(n.) 骑自行车 毕业 (n.) 大学毕业生 毕业;毕业典礼 最后;终于 时间表;进度表 (vt.)为某事安排时间

12.__________(adj.) 喜爱的;慈爱的;宠爱的 13.__________(n.) 14.__________(adj.) 15.__________(vt.) 缺点 顽固的;固执的 组织;成立

6._________ (vt.&vi.)流动;流出(n.)流动;流量 7.__________(vt.) 说服;劝说

→ __________(n.) → __________(adj.) 16.__________(vt.) → __________(adj.) → __________(n.) 17.__________(n.) 18.__________(n.) 19.__________(n. ) 20.__________(vi. ) 21.__________(n.) (vt.) 22.__________(n.) 23.__________(vi.)

组织 有组织的;有条理的 决定;确定;下定决心 坚决的;有决心的 决心 旅行;旅程 海拔高度;高处 (山)谷;流域 缓慢而行;踱步(n.)一步;速度;步调 弯;拐角 (bent,bent)使弯曲(vi.) 弯身;弯腰 态度;看法 (液体)沸腾; (水)开

25. __________(n.) 26. __________(n.) 27. __________(n.) → __________(adj.) 28.__________(adj.) → __________(adj.) → __________(vi.) 29.__________(n.) 30.__________(n.) 31.__________(n.) 32.__________(n.) 33.__________(prep.) 34.__________(n.) 35.__________(n.)

小包;包裹 保险 羊毛;毛织品 羊毛的;羊毛制的 可信赖的;可靠的 不可靠的 信任,信赖;依靠 风景;视野;观点(vt.)观看;注视;考虑 枕头;枕垫 午夜;子夜 火焰;光芒;热情 在……下面 庙宇;寺庙 洞穴;地窖

24.__________(n.&vt.) 预测;预报

II.短语回顾
1.从那以后 2.喜爱;喜欢 3.关心;忧虑;惦念 4.改变主意 5.下决心;决定 6.投降;让步;屈服 7.照常 __________________ __________________ __________________ __________________ __________________ __________________ __________________ 8.在午夜 9.梦见;梦想 10.编造;弥补 11.放弃 12.从……毕业 13.醒着;睡不着 14.思考 __________________ __________________ __________________ __________________ __________________ __________________ __________________

III.句式扫描
1.Ever since middle school,my sister Wang Wei and I have dreamed about taking a great bike trip.(教材 P18) 从高中起,我姐姐王薇和我就一直梦想做一次伟大的自行车旅 行。 2.It was my sister who first had the idea to cycle along the entire Mekong River from where it begins to where it ends.(教材 P18) 首先想到要沿湄公河从源头到终点骑车旅游的是我姐姐。 3.Although she didn’t know the best way of getting to places ,she insisted that she organize the trip properly.(教材 P18) 尽管她对去某些地方的最佳路线并不清楚,她却坚持要自己把这 次旅行组织得尽善尽美。 4. When I told her the air would be hard to breathe and it would be very cold,she said it would be interesting experience.(教材 P18) 当我告诉她那里空气稀薄,呼吸会困难而且天气很冷时,她却说 这将是一次有趣的经历。 5.A determined person always tries to finish the job ,no matter how hard it is .(教材 P20) 不管困难有多大,一个有决心的人总是尽力完成工作。

IV.小试牛刀

Ⅰ.单词填空 1.As we know , everything has advantages and_________________ (disadvantage). 2.Many people prefer __________(cycle) to driving to the work site. 3.They are______________(graduation) from Wuhan University and now are playing an important part in our company. 4.They_______________(organize)an expedition to the North Pole. 5.She has the_______________(determine) to overcome all the obstacles to success. 6. I'll prove him to be an honest and_______________ (rely) man. 7.They worked hard and_______________(final) passed all the exams. 8.We should drink_______________(boil) water to keep us from bacteria. 9.His mother works in Pacific _______________(insure) Agency. 10.They have made up their ___________(mind) to move to New York. Ⅱ.短语填空 be fond of,make up one's mind,give in,graduate from,dream about,can hardly wait,as usual,insist on, care about,ever since 1.The children________________to visit the Great Wall. 2.If she has ________________ , nothing can change it. 3.John________________playing the piano while his sister enjoys playing football. 4.Liu Hulan was so brave and determined that she wouldn't________ _______to enemies. 5.My younger brother____________________becoming a spaceman. 6.I don't________________what he'll say. 7.________________,they left the children at home with Susan. 8.He________________Peking University in the late 1960s. 9.He came to London three years ago and has lived here__________. 10.The man________________playing his music late at night. Ⅲ.单句填词 1.I prefer that he________tomorrow.(come) 2.The chief engineer together with his colleagues has__________for new scientific methods of farming since five years ago. (look) 3.We all insisted that he____________to the party.(come) 4.The problem is hard ______________, so you’d better wait until the manager returns.(solve) Ⅳ.单句改错 1. Ever since middle school, my sister and I dreamed about taking a great bike trip. 2. I dream aboutplay a leading role in a film. 3. I know my sister well, she doesn’t care about detail. 4. Think about the fare for different kinds of transport and decide what to get there. 5.An attitude was what a person thinks about something. 6. We were so high that we find ourselves cycling through clouds. 7. After graduation, she couldn’t wait returnto her hometown. 8. Along the way children dressing in long wool coats stopped to look at us.

English or Chinglish?
开水 Boiled water One time, while correcting some writing assignments, I came across a particularly funny sentence.The student was talking about how the drinking water in her hometown wasn't very clean,she said,“It's a good idea to drink boiling water”.I pointed out her mistake and she agreed that it wasn't a good idea to drink“boiling”water. The correct way to express the sentence would be,“It's a good idea to drink boiled water”. 一次批改作文的时候,我看到一个非常有趣的句子。学生在谈论在她家乡饮用水是多么的不干净,她 说:"It's a good idea to drink boiling water.(喝沸腾的水不错)”我指出了她的错误,她也认同喝沸腾的水不好。 这句话正确的表达应该是:"It's a good idea to drink boiled water.(喝开水是个好主意)”

没门 Not even a door
One of the most common Chinglish expressions is this one:someone wants to express that something is“impossible”or there is“no way”it can be done and they end up saying,"no door" which is a literal translation of the Chinese“没门”.In English,though,it sounds really strange. 最常见的中式英语的表达是:有人想表达某事是“不可能的”或者“没有方法能做,他们会说:"no door" 这是对 中文中“没门”的直译。但是在英语中这种表达很奇怪。

知识扩展· 拒绝别人的各种方式:
I'm sorry.—对不起(不能帮忙)。 No can do.—<口语>不能做。 I don't think that's going to be possible.—我觉得那是不可能的。 I'm afraid I can't help.—恐怕我帮不了忙。 Mission impossible—不可能完成的任务 I'm going to have to say "no".—我不得不说“不”。 No way—不,决不 Definitely not—绝对不 Forget it—算了吧 ——摘自 Kirk Kenny《笑死我的英文书》

参考答案: I.单词盘点 1.journal 2.transport 3.prefer;preference 4.disadvantage;advantage 5.fare 6.flow 7.persuade 8.cycle 9.graduate; graduation 10.finally 11.schedule 12.fond 13.shortcoming 14.stubborn 15.organize ;organization;organized 16.determine;determined;determination 17.journey 18.altitude 19.valley 20.pace 21.bend 22.attitude 23.boil 24.forecast 25.parcel 26.insurance 27.wool;woolen 28.reliable;unreliable;rely 29.view 30.pillow 31.midnight 32.flame 33.beneath 34.temple 35.cave II.短语回顾 1.ever since 2.be fond of 3.care about 4.change one’s mind 5.make up one’s mind 6.give in 7.as usual 8.at midnight 9.dream about/of 10.make up 11.give up 12.sth be familiar to sb.13.graduate from 14.stay/be awake 15.think about/of IV.小试牛刀 Ⅰ.单词填空 1.disadvantages 2.cycling 3.graduates 4.organized 5 . determination 6.reliable 7.finally 8.boiled 9.Insurance 10.minds Ⅱ.短语填空 1.can hardly wait 2.madeup her mind 3.is fond of 4.give in 5.dreams/dreamed about 6.care about 7.As usual 8.graduated from 9.ever since 10.insisted on Ⅲ.单句填词 1.came 2.looked for 3.(should) come 4.to solve 3.detail 改为 details 4.what 改为 how 5.was 改为 is 6.find Ⅳ.单句改错 1.dreamed 前面加 have 2.play 改为 playing 改为 found 7.wait 后面加 to 8.dressing 改为 dressed


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