Module 2 Fantasy Literature 精彩的文学
Module 2 Fantasy Literature 一．单词、短语速检
1 因?神志不清____________________2. 放下______________________ 3 伸出_______________________ 4 朝?走来_____________________ 5 都一样，仍然________________ 6 转身离开____________________ 7 对?来说看不见_________________ 8 直竖；连续地_______________ 9 靠近，临近______________ 10 向?扩展________________ 11 注视，盯着__________________ 12 想办法寻找__________________ 13 在形状上_______________ 14 和......相同高度的________________ 15 使某人头晕目眩_________________ 16 在另一边___________________ 17 充满，充溢着__________________ 18 在斜坡上________________ 19. 四处寻找_____________________ 20 把?添加到?_________________ 21 与?有联系_________________ 22 用手工_________________ 23.对?负责______________ 24. 令某人特别开心的是_________________________ 25. 局限于___________________________ 26.据估计?___________________________ 27. 瞥见?_________________________
二．重点单词、短语讲解 1.behave v.
He has behaved shamefully towards his friend. If you behave like that, you‘ll get yourself disliked. n. _________ one‘s ___________ to/towards … 他们对待我的行为说明他们不喜欢我。 _______________________________________ behave (well, badly) towards… behave oneself behave like (as) … 练一练： Tom, _________ yourself. Don‘t you forget the school rules? A behave B believe C perform D conduct It‘s bad _________ for a man to smoke in the public places where smoking is not allowed. A behavior B action C manner D movement 2. hesitate v. ________________ eg.She hesitated to hurt the child‘s feelings. I hesitate about taking his side until I knew the whole story. hesitate to to sth hesitate about +n/doing hesitate in speaking
hesitate at nothing n. hesitation without hesitation _______________________ 翻译： . 我不大想告诉你真相。 ________________________________________________. 我毫不迟疑地说出实情。(hesitation)
3. doubt n. v. _______________
There is no doubt _______ we will be successful. I doubt _________ our team will win the match this evening. I don‘t doubt ________ he can recite the whole passage. beyond/ out of doubt __________________ no doubt ____________________ without doubt ___________________ There is no doubt that… ____________________ 典型例句： Beyond doubt, he will recover. He is clever, no doubt, but he is cold, too. I‘ll be back on Friday without doubt.
4. bend v.
____________ (过去式) ___________(过去分词) He bent forward to listen to the child. The mast was bent during the storm. He couldn‘t bend his mind to his studies._ It is impossible to force others to bend to your will. She bent (over) to pick up a book from the floor. Touch your toes without bending your knees. bend down /over bend oneself to bend one‘s mind to
5. appeal n. 1）_______
The new fashion soon lost its appeal. n. 2）请求，呼吁，上诉 She made an appeal to him for help. v. 恳求；诉诸（武力，舆论等）; 投合所好，吸引 We appealed to him for help. She appealed to us to go with her. The film appeals to young people.
The gifted young scientist was much in the public eye. Man is the only creature that is gifted with speech.
gift n. 1) ____________ 2) ____________ a boy of many gifts ___________________ have a gift for music (painting) ___________________
7. adjustment n.
Eg:I‘ve made a few minor adjustments to the seating plan. adjust v. _______________ adjust (oneself) to ________________ Eg:He adjusted himself very quickly to the heat of the country. This kind of desk can be adjusted to the height you need. 区别填空： adapt/ adjust/ fit/ suit/ match I have to learn to __________ to my disability. You can‘t see through the telescope until it is _________ to your eyes. The shoes______ me well. No dish ______all tastes. A red jacket doesn‘t _________green trousers.
The teacher distributed the handouts (讲义)to the students. The mother distributed candy among children. This species of butterfly is widely distributed over our country. 用法归纳： distribute sth to … ____________ distribute sth among…______________ distribute…over… ______________
9. possess v. __________
判断划线部分在句中的含义： He possesses his own car. The little boy possesses great courage. She was possessed by the desire to be rich. n. possession ____________ possessions ____________ 短语归纳： take possession of ____________ in possession of ___________ in the possession of ___________ 练一练： --Does the young man _________ the company? --No, the company is _________ his father. A in possession of, in possession of B take possession of, in the possession of C take possession of, in possession of D have a possession of, in possession of 用括号内所给单词的适当形式填空。 1.Doris answered without a moment’s _________ (hesitate).
2. I’m still ________ (doubt) whether I should accept this job. 3. They were in a state of __________ (exhaust) after climbing the mountain. 4. I had to explain the reasons to satisfy his ________ (curious). 5. Using a telescope, Galileo discovered stars that were _______ (visible) to the naked eye.
10. hold out ______
判断 hold out 的其他意思： The water won‘t hold out much longer. （ ） We must hold out till victory. （ ） 相关短语： 阻止，抑制（眼泪等） ，隐瞒（消息等） ___________ 继续，抓住…不放（to） ， （打电话）不挂断 ____________ 抬起，举起，阻挡，使停顿，抢劫 ______________ 练一练： Wait. _________ a minute! She just managed to____________ her anger. We were ___________ on our way to the airport in a traffic jam. We thought of selling this old furniture, but we‘ve decided to _____ it. It might be valuable.
11. 情态动词+have done
a. 表示“或许/大概已经做了某事‖ may/might have done b. 表示“过去一定已经做了某事” must have done c. 表示“过去本来能够做某事或过去本可以做某事，但却没做。 ” Can/could have done d. 表示“过去本应该做某事却没做” ，含责备之意。 Should have done/ ought to have done e. 表示“过去有必要做某事，却没做” need have done 否定式 needn‘t have done 表示“过去不必要做的事，却做了” Practice: 1). You didn‘t go to the party yesterday, or I_______ you. A. would see B. could meet C. might have done D. might see 2). Look! Tiantian is too sleepy. He _____ watching TV. A. mustn‘t have stayed up B. shouldn‘t have stayed up C. mustn‘t stay up D. must stay up 3). I didn‘t hear the phone. I ___ asleep. A. must be B. must have been C. should be D. should have done 4). She is two hours late. What _____ to her. A. may happen B. is happening C can have happened D. must have happened 5). That school was only one kilometer away. We ___ a taxi and we could walk there. A. should have taken B. needn‘t take
C. couldn‘t have taken hed
D. needn‘t have taken
12. come up to 朝、 、 、走来
come about 发生，产生（vi） come across 偶然遇见（vt） come on 赶快，加油（vi）come out 出来，开花，结果是，被出版 come to 共计，达到，苏醒 come true 变为现实（vi） come up 走近，发芽（问题等）被提出（vi） come up with 提出（vt） 完成下列句子： 1). His new book has ____________. 2). Yesterday he ______________ an old friend of his in the street. 3). Li Ning has continued to help young people to make their dreams _________. 4). The pollution problem ________ again at the meeting. 5). It was a wonder that he __________first in the 100-meter race. 6). When he _______ , he found himself lying in hospital. 7). The seeds have just _________.
13. It looked as if some one had cut a patch out of the air...
―那儿看上去就像有人在距离路边大约两米的地方将空间切开了一块，它大体 是方的，不到一米宽。 as if ( as though) 引导的方式状语从句，可用陈述语气，也可用虚假语气，视 情况而定。 1). 天好像要下雨了。 （陈述语气） It seems as if it is going to rain. 2). 她对待这男孩就好像她是她的母亲一样。 （虚拟语气） She treats the boy as if she were his mother. 选一选： When a pencil is partly in a glass of water, it looks as if it ______. A. breaks B. has broken C. were broken D. had been broken Attention: 如果 as if 引导的从句是主系表结构，可省去主语和系动词 be.即 as if 可以直接跟名词，形容词，介词短语，还可以直接接现在分词和动词不定式。 Practice: 1). 他看上去像个女的。He looks ____________. 2). Although he slept on the floor, he slept well _____________. （仿佛在一张舒服 的床上） 。 3). He tried to open his mouth as if ___________ (好像要说什么，用不定式) 4). ― No, no,‖ he whispered, _________ talking to himself A. while B. even if C. as if D. when 5. And for that reason alone … 仅仅是这一个理由….. alone adv. 只，只有，仅仅（用在名词或代词后面） 译：1）只有我一个通过了考试 __________________________. 复习：1）他独自一人，但他并不感到孤独。
_____________________________________. (adj 作表语)
1. No matter how frequently ______, the works of Beethoven still attract people all over the world. (2006.广东) A. performed B. performing C. to be performed D. being performed 2. _____ this cake, you‘ll need 2 eggs, 175g sugar and 175g flour. (2006.广东) A. Having made B. Make C. To make D. Making 3. –Hi, this way, please. (2006.汕头) --Ok. I sometimes have no sense of _______ when I arrive at the crossroad. A. position B. direction C. situation D. condition 4. It‘s already 10 o‘clock. I wonder how it _____ that she was two hours late on such a short trip. (2006.湖北) A. came over B. came out C. came about D. came up 5. With on one to _____ in such a frightening situation, she felt very helpless. A. turn to B. turn on C. turn off D. turn over (2006.陕西) 6. You have been sitting on my hat and now it is badly out of _______.(2006.广东) A. date B. shape C. order D. balance 7. Some researchers believe that there is no doubt ________ a cure for AIDS will be found. A. which B. what C. that D. whether 8. We thought of selling this old furniture, but we‘ve decided to ________ it. It might be valuable. (NMET2002) A. hold on to B. keep up with C. turn to D. look after 9. _______ automatically, the e-mail will be received by all the club members.(2006 上海) A. Mailed out B. Mailing out C. To be mailed out D. Having mailed out 10. What shall we use for power when all the oil in the world has _______?(2005.山 东) A. given out B. put out C. held up D. used up 11. –What do you think of Andrew?(2004 福建) --There are some things that are not easy to ________, and his coldness is one. A. put aside B. put up with C. think of D. get along with 12. People have planted a great many trees in order to ______ wind and sand in the desert. (2005. 南昌测试) A. hold down B. hold up C. hold back D. hold out 13. I hope scientists will ________ with a cure of SARS. (2004.济宁一模) A. come about B. come up C. bring about D. get along 14. Unless _______ to speak, you should remain silent at the conference.(2003.上海 春招) A. invited B. inviting C. being invited D. having invited 15. I was told that there were about 50 foreign students ________ Chinese in the school, most _____ were from Germany. (2006.辽宁) A. study; of whom B. study; of them C. studying; of them D. studying; of whom
she leapt backwards, back arched and fur on end, tail held out stiffly. 它向后一跌，脊背拱起，毛发竖立，尾巴僵直地伸着。 三个独立主格结构，分别由“名词 +过去分词” 、 “分词+介词短语” “名词+ 过去分词”构成，在句中做伴随状语。
(一)、分词逻辑主语与主句主语一致： Look at the following sentences and tell me the form of the underlined verb: 1）.Hearing the news, he burst out laughter.（时间） 2）.Not knowing the address, I can‘t get in touch with her.（原因） 3）.He came ,running.（伴随） 4）.Her husband died, leaving her 4 children.（结果） 5）.He sat there ,reading a book.（伴随） 6）.Working hard, you ?ll succeed.（条件） 7）.Having finished his homework, he went out for a walk.(时间） 总结： 1.分词位置 ：位于主句 之前：时间，条件，原因，让步 之后：方式，伴随，结果 2.现在分词时态与语态： 一般式 完成式(只作状语） 主动 v-ing having v-ed 被动 being v-ed having been v-ed 注：现在分词一般式表示，分词动作与主句动作同时发生 如：上 1、3、5 现在分词完成式表示，分词动作发生在主句动作之前如：7 3：区别：以下三种都可表达被动但是有分别 being v-ed : 此动作与主句动作同事发生 to be v-ed: 此动作将要发生 v-ed : 此动作已完成 e.g.The problem being discussed now is very important for us. The problem to be discussed next week is very important for us. The problem discussed last week is very important for us. Having been used for many years, the machine needs repairing . 4.如下连词可与分词连用作状语： 1）时间状语 When/while/after/before v-ing e.g Be careful when (you are) crossing the road. After finishing his homework, he went to watch Tv. 2）让步状语：Althogh/Though e.g Though working hard, he couldn‘t succeed. thus doing（顺其自然） 3）结果状语：only to do（意外）
(二)、当分词主语与句子主语不一致时： 1.v-ing 分 词：作状语其逻辑主语用主格 动名词：作主，宾等其逻辑主语用形容词性物主代词 e.g His coming late made the teacher angry. He being absent from the meeting, we felt unhappy. 2.独立主格： 现在分词/过去分词 名词/代词+ 形容词/副词 介词短语 e.g The signal given, the train left out. Wether permitting, we‘ll go out for a walk. Homework finished, he went out. book in hand. He came into theroom, a book in his hand. with a book in his hand. Her head leading on the tree, she stood there. 3.特殊形式： generally /frankly/ speaking, judging by/from to start/begain with to make matter worse (三)、判断分词的方法：主要找准分词与其逻辑主语的关系 1.分词作状语：当其逻辑主语与句子主语一致时，看分词与句子主语的关系；当其逻辑主语 与句子主语不一致时，看分词与自己逻辑主语的关系。 主动：v-ing 被动：v-ed 将来：to do/to be done 2.作宾补：同 1 3.分词作定语：则看其与限定的词的关系 正在发生的:being v-ed 已完成的：要发生的：to be v-ed 如 3 例 （四） 、分词与不定式的的否定：在其前直接加 not
Exercise: 1). 我们正在上课，门敞着。 We are having our class, _____________________. 2). 如果天气允许的话， 我们明天将毫不费劲地到达那儿。 ___________________, we‘ll have no difficulty in getting there. 3). 考试结束了， 我们开始可我们的假期。 _______________________, we began our holiday. 4). 有很多作业要做，我不能跟你去了。 _____________________, I can‘t go with you. 5). 老师走进教室，手里拿着一本书。 The teacher came into the classroom, _________________.
6). The boy lay on the ground, his eyes ___ and his hands ___. A. being closed ; trembling B. closed; trembling C. closed; trembled D. closing; trembled 7). The children went home from school, their lessons ___for the day. A. finishing B. finished C. had finished D. were finis
练兵场： 1.（2003 北京）________ time , he‘ll make a first—class tennis player. A. Having given B. To give C. Giving D. Given
2.（2000 上海）_________ in 1636, Harvard is one of the most famous universities in the in the United States. A. Being founded B. It was founded C. Founded D. Founding
3._______a reply, he decided to write again. ( 92 ) A. Not receiving C. Not having received B. Receiving not D. Having not received
4.―We can‘ go out in this weather,‖said Bob , ____ out of the window. ( 04 四川 吉林) A. looking B. to look C. looked D. having looked
5.（NMET1996）______ in thought, he almost ran into the car in front of him. A. Lost B. Being lost C. To lose D. To be lost
6.（2003 北京春）Mr. Smith, _____of the _____speech, started to read a novel. A. tired; boring B. tiring; bored C. tired; bored D. tiring; boring
7.(2004 上海春） After his journey from abroad, Richard Jones returned home, ____. A. exhausting C. being exhausted B. exhausted D. having exhausted
8.(NMET 2002) The research is so designed that once _______ nothing can be done to change it. A. begins C. beginning B. having begun D. begun
9.（上海 1998） If _______ the same treatment again , he is sure to get well. A. giving B. give C. given D. being given
10.(2003 上海春) Unless ______ to speak, you should remain silent at the conference. A. invited B. inviting C. being invited D. having invited
11. As it turned out to be a small house party, we _____ so formally.
A. needn‘t dress up B. didn‘t have to dress up C. needn‘t have dressed up D. might not have dressed up 12. stopping polluting the earth hope to live in a better environment. A. Only to; we can B. Only to; can we C. Only by; we can D. Only by; can we 13. Mary always blames me _______ anything goes wrong. I can‘t stand him any more. A. whenever B. when C. whatever D. what 14. dirty，the classroom needs . B. Looking ；cleaning D. Looking ；cleaned . B. There were many tall buildings D. the small town looked nice. him an orphan . C. leaving D. to have left
A. Being looked；cleaning C. Looked ；cleaning 15.Looking on the top of the hill， A. many tall buildings were seen C. I saw many tall buildings. 16.His parent died， A. to leave B. having left