盐城市 2015 届高三年级第三次模拟考试 英语试题 第一部分听力（共两节，满分 20 分） 第二部分 英语知识运用(共两节，满分 35 分) 第一节：单项填空 (共 15 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 15 分) 21. Most of the visitors were happy just sitting around in the shade, _________ it had been a long, dusty journey on the train. A. for B. so C. but D. or 22. What little money he did have ________ on a record selected with extreme care which became, to his way of thinking, a possession close to his heart. A. spent B. been spent C. was spent D. to spend 23. We tend to ________ happiness with freedom, but, as a psychotherapist and writer has observed, without obstacles to our desires it?s harder to know what we want, or where we?re heading. A. combine B. compare C. equip D. equate 24. --- Cathy, in my opinion, is very __________. --- Absolutely! She prefers home life to going out. A. domestic B. energetic C. dynamic D. enthusiastic 25. As Martin Luther King, Jr. put it, peace is not merely a distant goal that we seek, but a means ________ we arrive at that goal. A. that B. where C. by which D. with which 26. Of the forces shaping higher education _______ is more sweeping than the movement across borders. A. nothing B. none C. either D. anything 27. Our car _____ engine trouble, we stopped for the night at a roadside rest area. A. developed B. being developed C. having developed D. to develop 28.--- Nobody in life gets _______ what they thought they were going to get. --- But if you work really hard and you?re kind, amazing things will happen. A. simply B. exactly C. seemingly D. really 29. Hillary Clinton, at the first official event of her presidential campaign, ______ the ideas that she said will be at the heart of her campaign. A. spelt out B. cross out C. made up D. covered up 30. When I asked her to define success in her own words, she said, “Success is _______ you look back at your life and the memories make you smile. ” A. how B. that C. where D. when 31. --- What ?s this? I hear about your appearing on the six o?clock news. --- Oh that. Some people _______ something on campus and I just happened to pass in front of the camera. A. filmed B. had filmed C. were filming D. have been filming 32. To survive in the world, we have to act _______ others, but to survive as ourselves, we have to act alone. A. in honor of B. in concert with C. in light of D. in contact with 33. I ________ able to catch the fist light home, but my watch betrayed me. A. were B. had been C. would be D. would have been 34. Microsoft, in a(n) _______ from tradition, has already released similar touch-friendly Office apps for Apple Inc?s iPad and iPhone. A. independence B. absence C. departure D. survival 35. --- Ann, our department may be named the Department of the Year because of the outstanding performance. --- _______. A. Good to know B. I?ll say C. I hear you on that one D. Can?t argue with that 第二节：完形填空 (共 20 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 20 分) 请认真阅读下面短文，从短文后各题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出最佳选项，并在 答题卡上将该项涂黑。 Someone recently asked me when I became more confident about my abilities as an entrepreneur. I thought it was a funny question, __36___ I? not very confident at all, and constantly
filled with ___37___ about every decision I make. It doesn?t exactly hold me back in my work; it?s just that I am very ___38____ of what I do, and I?m always __39___ on the way I work, think and talk. I have also learned over the years that making a decision is often more important than making the ___40____ decision. Preferably your decisions are the right ones, but inaction or indecisiveness is more ___41___ than making the wrong decisions every now and then. There is one thing I have learned over the years that I wish I had learned earlier in my career. And that is the __42__ that I am not stupid. It sounds logical, but I often sat in on meetings and heard people explain things and then __43___ to myself, “ I don?t understand that. Maybe I?m stupid?” or I would hear about a startup and I wouldn?t ___44___ their business model and think I?m stupid. Or I would hear an entrepreneur speak and think, “ That all like ___45___ bullshit, but I must be stupid, because other people seem to love it.” A couple of years ago, I came to the ___46___ that I was not stupid at all. When people in meetings say things I don?t? understand I ____47____ up and tell them so. Usually, I hear a sigh of ___48___ in the room and find out nobody understood what was being talked about. When I don?t understand a business model it usually means there is not one, or it ___49___. Turns out I?m not stupid and ___50___ I don?t understand it, most people won?t understand it at all. ___51___ doubting my own abilities I?ve learned to ___52___ my “bullshit radar” a bit more and not understanding something is a clear sign that something is ___53____. My advice to young entrepreneurs is this: you are not stupid! If something does not make ___54___, if it sounds stupid, if you don?t understand it, something is wrong! Trust your gut( 本能 的) ___55___. Feel free not to know and be honest when you don?t? understand something! 36. A. if B. unless C. because D. when 37. A. disappointment B. doubt C. terror D. curiosity 38. A. conscious B. tired C. ashamed D. fond 39. A. insisting B. working C. relying D. reflecting 40. A. right B. tough C. firm D. final 41. A. boring B. costly C. disgusting D. significant 42. A. truth B. concept C. realization D. reputation 43. A. thought B. referred C. smiled D. came 44. A. mind B. know C. love D. understand 45.A. tastes B. sounds C. smells D. looks 46.A. compromise B. conclusion C. point D. agreement 47.A. speak B. look C. hang D. cheer 48. A. despair B. pleasure C. relief D. impatience 49. A. disappears B. ceases C. approaches D. sucks 50. A. since B. if C. as D. while 51. A. Instead of B. Apart from C. As well as D. Regardless of 52. A. operate B. differentiate C. trust D. inspect 53. A. in B. up C. on D. off 54. A. progress B. history C. money D. sense 55. A. feeling B. level C. happiness D. comfort 第三部分 阅读理解（共 15 小题，每小题 2 分，满分 30 分） 请认真对阅读下列短文玉，从短文后各题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出最佳选项止， 并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 A Life On Air (Hardback) Was:15.99 Our price: 12.99 In stock: Ready to be dispatched Quantity: 1 Add to Basket This volume of memoirs Sir David tells stories of the people and animals he has met and the places he has visited. A lot has changed since his first television documentary and this updated edition of Life On Air Sir David tells us of his experiences of filming in the 21st century. Be the first to review this product
Our Zoo (Hardback) Was:14.99 Our price: 12.99 In stock: Ready to be dispatched Quantity: 1 Add to Basket Funny and tender, June Mottershead's memoir Our Zoo shows how with dogged determination and a little daring, anything is possible. Be the first to review this product Nigella Christmas (Hardback) Our price: 13.99 In stock: Ready to be dispatched Quantity: 1 Add to Basket Let Nigella come to your Christmas rescue, with her glorious celebration of the festive season, full of inspirational ideas, reassuring advice and easy-to-follow, reliable Christmas recipes. Be the first to review this product Doctor Who: The Secret Lives of Monsters (Hardback) Was 11.99 Our price: 12.99 In stock: Ready to be dispatched Quantity: 1 Add to Basket A unique and in-depth look into the hidden lives of the mosters that feature in the Dotctor Who series. Ignorance is not the bliss. It is the alien invader's greatest advantage. 3 out of 3 reviewers recommend this product 56. Which book might a young man faced with difficulties in his career choose? A. Life On Air. B. Our Zoo. C. Nigella Christmas D. Doctor Who 57. Which of the following is TRUE according to the passage? A. This passage is probably taken from a newspaper column. B. People are likely to get a discount whichever book they purchase. C. Each of the reviewers thinks highly of the four books. D. All of the four books don't belong to a certain book series. B Lee Kuan Yew emerged onto the international stage as the founding father of the state of Singapore, then a city of about 1 million. He developed into a world statesman who acted as a kind of conscience to leaders around the globe. Fate initially seemed not to have provided him with a stage on which to achieve more than modest local success. In the first phase of decolonization, Singapore emerged as a part of Malaya. It was cut loose because of tensions between Singapore?s largely Chinese population and the Malay majority and, above all, to teach the city a lesson of dependency, Malaya undoubtedly expected that reality would cure Singapore of its independent spirit. But great men become such through visions beyond material calculations. Lee challenged conventional wisdom by opting for statehood. The choice reflected a deep faith in the virtues of his people. He asserted that a city located on a sandbar with no economic resource to draw upon, and whose major industry as a colonial naval base had disappeared, could nevertheless thrive and achieve international reputation by building on its principal asset(财富): the intelligence, industry and dedication of its people. A great leader takes his or her society from where it is to where it has never been ---- indeed, where it as yet cannot imagine being. By insisting on quality education, by suppressing corruption and by basing governance on merit. Lee and his colleagues raised the annual per capita income of their population from $500 at the time of independence in 1965 to roughly $55,000 today. In a generation, Singapore became an international financial center., the leading intellectual metropolis of Southeast Asia, the location of the region?s major hospitals and a favored site for conferences on international affairs. It did so by adhering to an extraordinary pragmatism: by opening careers to the best talents and encouraging them to adopt the best practices from all over the world.. Superior performance was one component of that achievement. Superior leadership was even more important. As the decades went by, it was moving ---- and inspirational ---- to see Lee., the mayor of a medium-size city, become a mentor of global strategic order. The great tragedy of Lee?s life was that his beloved wife was felled by a stroke that left her a prisoner in her body, unable to communicate or receive communication. Through all that time, Lee
sat by her bedside in the evening reading to her. He had faith that she understood despite the evidence to the contrary. Perhaps this was Lee Kuan Yew?s role in his era. He had the same hope for our world. He fought for its better instincts even when the evidence was ambiguous. But many of us heard him and will never forget him. 58. Why did Lee Kuan Yew choose to lead Singapore to be independent? A. He intended to act as a kind of conscience to leaders around the globe. B. He determined his people shouldn?t be subjected to Malaya anymore. C. He had considerable confidence in the value of the city?s assets. D. He wanted Singapore to be the most powerful country worldwide. 59. From the underlined sentence in Paragraph2, we can know that ________. A. Malaya expected Singapore to be powerful B. Malaya had a desire to kick off Singapore C. Malaya firmly believed Singapore would give in D. Malaya didn?t think Singapore possessed independent spirit 60. The fourth paragraph is organized to ________. A. illustrate how advanced Singapore has been today B. demonstrate Lee Kuan Yew attached great importance to the talents C. prove what a crucial decision Lee Kuan Yew once made D. show the tremendous impact Lee Kuan Yew had on Singapore 61. Which of the following can best describe Lee Kuan Yew? A. Stubborn and arbitrary B. Aggressive and affectionate. C. Demanding and bossy D. Outspoken and humorous. C Scientists from the United States say they have found fish and other creatures living under key waters in Antarctica. They made the announcement after completing three months of research at the Ross Ice Shelf, the world?s largest floating ice sheet. The researchers hoped to find clues to explain the force of the melting ice and its effect on sea level rise. Reed Scherer and Ross Powell are with Northern Illinois University in DeKalb, Illinois. They just finished up their research on our southernmost continent. Money for the project came from America?s National Science Foundation. “We chose a study site where, in the first year ,We went into the subglacial (冰川下的)lake and tried to understand the environment in there, both ecologically and in terms of the ice dynamics about how the lake operates ,and how the sediment(沉淀物) underneath the ice sheet operates, as well, because it?s the water and the sediment underneath the ice that controls how fast the ice is flowing into the ocean” says Ross Powell, who led the investigation. The team included scientists ,engineers, machinery and other supplies across the ice from the main U.S. scientific base at Mc Murdo Station to the researcher ?s camp .The camp was near a subglacial lake ,where an earlier study took place, Ross Powell says the latest study may provide evidence that can help predict the effect of climate change on rising sea levels. “What we have found is that these are very sensitive areas to the stability of how dynamic the ice is and how fast the ice may react to increases of melting both from the ocean and the atmosphere.” Among the new instruments built for the project was a powerful hot water drill. The researchers used the drill to dig down some 740 meters. They collected water ,sediment and other material from the grounding zone. Working around the clock before the deep hole refroze, they sent a video camera down to the 400-square-meter undersea area. Reed Scherer says the video images they saw in the Command Center were a total surprise. “It?s a very mobile environment. The bottom is changing constantly. And so the things that we saw were all very mobile organisms, things that swim and some things that crawl. And obviously they are getting enough nutrition that they can thrive, Some of the little crustacean-like creatures called amphipods that we saw swam quite quickly and were quite active.” This is the farthest south that fish have ever been seen. How did the creatures get here? What do they feed on? And what effect will the retreating ice have on them? Ross Powell says the ice and sediment cores taken from the grounding zone can offer clues.
“We know that the ice is melting there at the moment and so by opening up the cores once they get back, we hope to be able to understand what the ice was doing in the past ,relative to what it is doing now. And because it is melting so fast or seems to be melting fast at the moment, we anticipate that there will he some differences that we?ll see in the history of the ice sheet from the sediment cores, once we open them up .”But Ross Powell says the work raises more questions than it answers. 62.Scientists conducted the three-month research at the Ross Ice Shelf with the intention of . A. predicting how climate change influences rising sea levels. B. finding out whether there are life forms existing deep under Antarctic ice. C. proving the speed of ice flowing into the ocean is controlled by water. D. discovering an explanation of the effect the melting ice has on sea level rise. 63.What made the researchers surprised when they saw the video images? A. Researchers saw fish in the farthest south for the first time. B.A video camera was able to work well under deep icy waters. C. Sediment cores present differences in the history of the ice sheet. D. The drill should dig down 740 meters to collect things. 64.From sediment cores taken from the grounding zone, scientists will probably know . A. what the ice will do in the near future B. the ice in the grounding zone is melting at the moment C. some differences rarely exist in the history of the ice sheet D. something about the creatures under icy water in Antarctic. 65.What can be inferred from the passage? A. Scientists will conduct a follow-up study on the frozen continent. B. No creatures once appeared or lived in icy water in Antarctica. C. America?s National Science Foundation is in complete charge of the research. D. Researchers have found how the sediment underneath the ice sheet operates. D Sometimes just when we need the power of miracles to change our beliefs， they materialize in the places we?d least expect. They can come to us as a drastic alteration in our physical reality or as a simple synchronicity in our lives. Sometimes they?re big and can?t be missed Other times they?re so subtle that if we aren?t aware， we may miss them altogether. They can come from the lips of a stranger we suddenly and mysteriously encounter at just the right instant. If we listen carefully, we?ll always hear the right words，at the right time， to dazzle us into a realization of something that we may have failed to notice only moments before. On a cold January afternoon in 1989，I was hiking up the trail that leads to the top of Egypt?s Mt. Horeb. I?d spent the day at St. Catherine?s Monastery and wanted to get to the peak by sunset to see the valley below. As I was winding up the narrow path，I?d occasionally see other hikers who were coming down from a day on the mountain. While they would generally pass with simply a nod or a greeting in another language，there was one man that day who did neither. I saw him coming from the last switchback on the trail that led to the backside of the mountain. As he got closer，I could see that he was dressed differently from the other hikers I?d seen. Rather than the high-tech fabrics and styles that had been the norm，this man was wearing traditional Egyptian clothing. He wore a tattered， rust-colored galabia and obviously old and thick-soled sandals that were covered in dust. What made his appearance so odd，though，was that the man didn?t even appear to be Egyptian！ He was a small-framed Asian man, had very little hair， and was wearing round，wire-rimmed glasses. As we neared one another，I was the first to speak.“Hello，”I said，stopping on the trail for a moment to catch my breath. Not a sound came from the man as he walked closer. I thought that maybe he hadn?t heard me or the wind had carried my voice away from him in another direction. Suddenly he stopped directly in front of me on the high side of the trail， looked up from the ground， and spoke a single sentence to me in English，“Sometimes you don?t know what you have
lost until you?ve lost it.”As I took in what I had just heard，he simply stepped around me and continued his descent down the trail. That moment in my life was a small miracle. The reason is less about what the man said and more about the timing and the context. The year was 1989， and the Cold War was drawing to a close. What the man on the trail couldn?t have known is that it was during my Egyptian pilgrimage， and specifically during my hike to the top of Moses?s mountain，that I?d set the time aside to make decisions that would affect my career in the defense industry，my friends，my family，and， ultimately，my life. I had to ask myself what the chances were of an Asian man dressed in an Egyptian galabia coming down from the top of this historic mountain just when I was walking up，stopping before me，and offering his wisdom，seemingly from out of nowhere. My answer to my own question was easy： the odds were slim to none！ In an encounter that lasted less than two minutes on a mountain halfway around the world from my home， a total stranger had brought clarity， and the hint of a warning， regarding the huge changes that I would make within a matter of days. In my way of thinking，that?s a miracle. I suspect that we all experience small miracles in our lives every day. Sometimes we have the wisdom and the courage to recognize them for what they are. In the moments when we don?t，that?s okay as well. It seems that our miracles have a way of coming back to us again and again. And each time they do，they become a little less subtle，until we can?t possibly miss the message that they bring to our lives！ The key is that they?re everywhere and occur every day for different reasons， in response to the different needs that we may have in the moment. Our job may be less about questioning the extraordinary things that happen in our daily lives and more about accepting the gifts they bring. 66. Why did the author make a pilgrimage to Mt. Horeb in Egypt? A. He was in search of a miracle in his life. B. It was a holy place for a religious person to head for. C. He intended to make arrangements for his life in the future. D. He waited patiently in expectation of meeting a wise person. 67. What does the underlined part “my own question” refer to in Paragraph 6? A. For what reason did the man stop before me? B. Why did the Asian man go to the mountain? C. What change would I make within a matter of days? D. What was the probability that others told us the right words? 68.Which of the following is closest in meaning to the underlined word “subtle” in Paragraph 7? A. Apparent. B. Delicate. C. Precise. D. Sufficient. 69.The author viewed the encounter with the Asian man as a miracle in his life in that . A. the Asian man?s appearance had a deciding effect on his future life B. his words were in perfect response to the need he had at that moment C. what the Asian man said was abundant in the philosophy of life D. the Asian man impressed on him the worth of what he had possessed 70. What might be the best title for the passage? A. Can you recognize a miracle? B. Is a miracle significant to us? C. When might a miracle occur? D. Why do we need a miracle? 第四部分 任务型阅读（共 10 小题，每小题 1 分，满分 10 分） 请认真阅读下列短文，并根据所读内容在文章后表格中的空格里填入一个最恰当的单词。 注意：请将答案写在答题卡上相应题号的横线上，每个空格只填 1 个单词。 The Bystander Effect The term bystander effect refers to the phenomenon in which the greater the number of people present, the less likely people are to help a person in distress. When an emergency situation occurs,
observers are more likely to take action if there are few or no other witnesses. Being part of a large crowd makes it so no single person has to take responsibility for an action (or inaction). The most frequently cited example of the bystander effect in introductory psychology textbooks is the brutal murder of a young woman named Catherine "Kitty" Genovese. On Friday, March 13, 1964, 28-year-old Genovese was returning home from work. As she approached her apartment entrance, she was attacked and stabbed by a man later identified as Winston Moseley. Despite Genovese?s repeated calls for help, none of the dozen or so people in the nearby apartment building who heard her cries called police to report the incident. The attack first began at 3:20 AM, but it was not until 3:50 AM that someone first contacted police. While Genovese's case has been subject to numerous misrepresentations and inaccuracies, there have been numerous other cases reported in recent years. The bystander effect can clearly have a powerful impact on the general conduct of people in a society, but why exactly does it happen? Why don't we help when we are part of a crowd? There are several factors that contribute to the bystander effect. First, the presence of other people creates a diffusion of responsibility. Because there are other observers, individuals do not feel as much pressure to take action, since the responsibility to take action is thought to be shared among all of those present. The second reason is the need to behave in correct and socially acceptable ways. When other observers fail to react, individuals often take this as a signal that a response is not needed or not appropriate. Other researchers have found that onlookers are less likely to intervene if the situation is ambiguous. In the case of Kitty Genovese, many of the 38 witnesses reported that they believed that they were witnessing a "lover's quarrel," and did not realize that the young woman was actually being murdered. Characteristics of the situation can play a role. During a crisis, things are often chaotic and the situation is not always crystal clear. Onlookers might wonder exactly what is happening. During such chaotic moments, people often look to others in the group to determine what is appropriate. When people look at the crowd and see that no one else is reacting, it sends a signal that perhaps no action is needed. So what can you do to avoid falling into this trap of inaction? Some psychologists suggest that simply being aware of this tendency is perhaps the greatest way to break the cycle. When faced with a situation that requires action, understanding how the bystander effect might be holding you back and consciously taking steps to overcome it can help. However, this does not mean you should place yourself in danger. But what if you are the person in need of assistance? How can you inspire people to lend a hand? One often-recommended tactic is to single out one person from the crowd. Make eye contact and ask that individual specifically for help. By personalizing and individualizing your request, it becomes much harder for people to turn you down. The Bystander Effect Passage outline Supporting details The bystander effect occurs when the presence of others keeps an individual from becoming (71) _________ in an emergency situation. It is obvious that the bystander effect can greatly influence(72)_______behavior.
Concept of the bystander effect
In 1964, a young woman named Genovese met with violence and her life was (73)___________ outside her apartment, while bystanders who observed the crime did not step in to assist or call the police. Individuals are less likely to take action or feel a sense of (75)__________ in front of a large group of people. Before deciding to offer help, observers may want to make(76)__________ that it is appropriate to react. Besides, there is a natural (77) __________ for people to follow the crowd before the situation is clear. You should realize or know the (79) __________of the bystander effect and take measures to get rid of it. When in need of help, you should (80) _________ one from the crowd, which Will increase your chance of getting your request across and being helped.
(74)_________ for the bystander effect
(78)________ of the bystander effect
第五部分 书面表达 （满分 25 分） A set of textbook designed to help high school student learn about Chinese traditional culture is to be published soon, Beijing Times reported on Monday. The books are the first national-level works of their kind and have been developed by a working group that promotes traditional culture. They will be used by students from autumn this year, the report said. The set contains four classics from ancient times. Two of the works, The Confucian Analects and Mencius, are for 10th-grade students, while the other two, Great Learning and Dao De Jing, will be used by 11th graders. The initiative follows a series of steps the authorities have taken in recent years to spread and promote traditional Chinese culture on campus. Last April, the Ministry of Education released a series of guidelines requiring the inclusion of more information about traditional culture in primary and middle school textbooks, especially those used for subjects such as Chinese Language, history, art and physical education. The guidelines said students? knowledge of traditional culture will be tested in the senior high school entrance examination and the gaokao, the college entrance exam. 【写作内容】1 用约 30 个单词写出上文的概要 2 用约 120 个单词就“高中生学国学”这一主题发表你的观点，内容包括： （1）国学入高中的缘由 （2）你对这一举动的看法 【写作要求】1 阐述观点或提供论据时，不能直接引用原文语句 2 作文中不能出现真实的姓名和学校名称 3 不必写标题 【评分标准】 内容完整，语言规范，语篇连贯，词数适当。
盐城市 2015 届高三年级第三次模拟考试 英语参考答案与听力文稿 第一部分 听力理解（共 20 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 20 分） 1-5 BCCAB 6-10 ACABC 11-15 CABCC 16-20 ACABC 第二部分 英语知识运用（共 35 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 35 分） 21-25 ACDAC 26-30 BCBAD 31-35 CBDCA 36-40 CBADA 41-45 BCADB 46-50 BACDB 51-55 ACDDA 第三部分 阅读理解（共 15 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 30 分） 56-57 BD 58-61 BCDB 62-65 DADA 66-70 CDBBA 第四部分 任务型阅读（共 10 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 10 分） 71. involved/engaged 72. social 73. endangered/threatened 74. Explanations/Reasons 75. responsibility 76. sure/certain 77. tendency 78. Prevention/Precautions/Avoidance 79. existence 80. choose/select/pick 第五部分 书面表达（满分 25 分） 81. From this autumn, new schoolbooks highlighting the traditional Chinese culture will be used by senior students, whose knowledge of the country?s ancient traditions will also be tested in the gaokao. There?re several factors accounting for the move. The set of books are the significant component of traditional Chinese culture and provide teenagers with internal codes of conduct and thus they will play a positive role in their process of growth. Besides, the basic education system hasn?t attached enough importance to the learning of traditional culture for quite a long time, and the textbooks are a beneficial effort to reverse that situation. In addition, learning traditional culture is not solely about reciting texts — it?s about utilizing ancient wisdom to solve current problems. Personally, I strongly support and welcome the move in that it is an initiative to bring Chinese traditional culture back. However, considering individual differences between students, I am not in complete agreement with the practice that they will be tested in the gaokao.