2016 届甘肃省河西五市部分普通高中高三第二次联合考试英语试题 （解析版）
本试卷分为第Ⅰ卷和第 II 卷 两部分。全卷满分 120 分，考试时间 100 分钟。 第I卷
阅读理解（共两节，满分 40 分）
第一节（共 15 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的四个选项中（A、B、C、D）中，选出最佳选项。 A The London Eye 4D Film Experience started in August and is included in the London Eye ticket price. It is a fantastic 4D film to entertain you before your trip on the London Eye. The 4D effects are great. No Extra Cost to You That’ s right; you buy your ticket for the London Eye and 4D cinema experience. Merlin Entertainments, the London Eye owners, spent 5 million creating the film and building the 4D cinema and wanted to improve the value for money of the London Eye. What to Expect The 4D Cinema entrance is in the ticket hall. So after buying your ticket, go straight to it, where you’ll be given a pair of glasses. About 160 visitors will pass through the 4D cinema every 8 minutes so don’t worry about waiting time. People in the bright pink cinema are all standing on four levels. The top level is designed for wheelchairs. London Eye 4D Film Put on your glasses and enjoy yourself. The story is about a little girl visiting London with her father and she wants to be higher to get a better view so she comes to the London Eye. It differs from watching the 3D film for all your senses are involved. When it snows on screen, you feel it snows in the cinema. And when you watch the fireworks, you can really smell them. For a short film, less than four minutes, before the main attraction you think you’ve come for, you are going to love this free extra. I stood there with my mouth wide open at the end as many others did. It’s fantastic! The effects are the Hollywood standard as no expense is spared. I was lucky enough to try the film three times on the first day and I still want to go back again. 1. What does the author mainly tell us in this passage? A. He mainly introduces the 4D film of Merlin Entertainments. B. He mainly introduces the London Eye entertainment centre. C. He mainly tells us his experiences while creating the 4D film. D. He mainly introduces to us how to take part in the 4D film. 2.Why did the Merlin Entertainments build the 4D film cinema? A. Because it wanted to attract more visitors to London. B. Because it could earn more money from the public in the UK. C. Because it could provide more entertainments for visitors.
D. Because it wanted to increase the value of the London Eye. 3.Where could people get into the 4D film cinema? A. In the Hollywood. C. Under the London Eye. B. In the ticket hall. D. In the ticket centre.
4.While seeing a 4D film, people will feel ________. A. greatly frightened C. sweet smell 【答案】 1.A 2.D 3.B 4.D 【解析】 试题分析: 文章主要向读者介绍了伦敦 4D 电影的乐趣。 1.A 考察细节理解题。根据文意文章主要向读者介绍了伦敦 4D 电影的乐趣，它不同与 3D 电影，可以有全新 的体验，所以答案是 A。 2.D 考察细节理解题。 根据文意 Merlin Entertainments, the London Eye owners, spent 5 million creating the film and building the 4D cinema and wanted to improve the value for money of the London Eye 可知建造 4D 电影院的原因是提升伦敦之眼的价值，所以答案是 D。 3.B 考察细节理解题。根据文意 The 4D Cinema entrance is in the ticket hall 可知在售票大厅可以进 入 4D 电影院，所以答案是 B。 4.D 考察细节理解题。根据文意 t differs from watching the 3D film for all your senses are involved. When it snows on screen, you feel it snows in the cinema. And when you watch the fireworks, you can really smell them.可知它与 3D 电影不同，它使人有如临其境的感觉，所以答案是 D。 考点：文化类阅读 B We took a rare family road trip to the Adirondacks in late August，and it was as refreshing and exhausting as family vacations tend to be．Toward the end of our long drive home, even the kids were leaning forward in their seats urging my lead foot on．At that point in a road trip，even sixty-five miles per hour feels slow. We have become B. much worried D. as if they were on the scene
numb to our speed and numb to the road signs flashing by. My family lives on the edge of Lancaster County. Only thirty miles from home， I hit the brakes， and we began to roll，slowly，behind a horse-drawn carriage. We began to open our eyes again．We saw familiar green hills and the farm with the best watermelons. I rolled down the windows, and we breathed again．Just-cut hay and a barn full of dairy cattle． At five miles per hour， you remember what you forget at sixty-five． You are thinking about a place， even when you are moving from place to place． I am a placemaker. A homemaker, too. I am a mother of a young kid at home，and also a writer and a gardener． But， for me， those roles are wrapped up with the one big thing I want to do with the rest of my life： I want to cultivate a place and share it with others． The place I make with my family is a red-brick farmhouse built in l880. It has quite a few nineteenth-century bedrooms and a few acres of land，and we love nothing more than to fill them with neighbors and friends. We grow vegetables and flowers，keep a baker’s dozen of egg—laying chickens，and，since we moved in three years ago， we have planted many，many trees．
Living with my life’s purpose does not allow for much travel. I need to be here，feeding the chickens and watering the tomatoes. Any extra in the budget，and we spend it on trees． But I learned something at the end of our family road trip． Travel can help me in the task of caring for my own place．When I slow down and pay attention to the road between here and there，travel tells me the connections between my place and all the other places． 5. What does the author try to express in the first paragraph? A．The tiredness of her past family life． B．Her disappointment at the family road trip． C．The family’s eagerness to return home． D．Kids’excitement at driving fast on the road． 6.Why did the author slow her car some miles from her home? A．Because she made a way for a horse-drawn carriage． B．Because she enjoyed the scenery along the road． C．Because she needed a break after the long drive． D．Because she wanted to get rid of a fast-paced life．
7.The underlined word“placemaker’’in the 4th paragraph refers to someone who A．devotes most of his energy and time to building his house B．is ready to help anyone in need in the community C．makes a creative design for others’ houses D．is good at cultivating a place and sharing it with others 8. What can be the best title of the passage? A．On the Way Home C．Escape from a Family Life 【答案】 5.C 6.B 7.D 8.A B．Never Travel again D．Life on the Farm
考点：生活类阅读 C We can stay young forever. That is the message Dr. Shen Ziyin wants to give the world. And the Chinese doctor
claims that he has found an answer to the problems of aging. His solution is a herbal medicine to slow the process of aging. Dr. Shen Ziyin has been trained in Western medicine. At the same time he studied traditional Chinese medicine. And, he has been working for the past forty years to put together the best of both and find a cure for aging. He has taken a hint from the ancient Chinese medicine system called “shen”. According to Shen, it is the kidney which adjusts the functioning of the body as well as its aging process. It is responsible for the level of activity that the human bodies go through. Studies conducted by Dr. Shen show that herbal medicine based on the shen system slow the aging process, says a report in The Telegraph newspaper. We notice that when people grow old, they have reduced strength, loss of hair, backache, weakness in general, and wrinkles, among others. This happens because when people grow old, their bodies produce T-cells. These T-cells contain a particular substance called Fas. Fas makes the cells in the body destruct themselves. So the only way to slow down aging is to slow the production of T-cells in the body. This can happen if people eat low calorie food. Then the body is not active enough to produce extra T-cells. But, is going hungry all the time a good price to pay for staying young? This is where Dr. Shen’s herbal medicine comes in. But how effective it will be, only time can tell. 9. How did Dr. Shen find the solution to the problem of aging? A. By studying Western medicine. B. By learning traditional Chinese medicine. C. By doing research on both Western and Chinese people. D. By combining both Western and Chinese medicine. 10.What plays the most important role in keeping people young according to Shen? A. Medical treatment. C. Level of people’s activity. B. People’s good kidney. D. Positive life attitude.
11.The reason why people become old is that _________. A. their bodies are unable to fight diseases B. their bodies produce T-cells C. they have reduced strength, loss of hair D. they become weaker and weaker
12. We can probably learn from the passage that _________.
A. people should try to quicken the production of T-cells in the body B. the more Chinese herbal medicine people drink, the better for health C. it remains unknown how effective Dr. Shen’s herbal medicine is D. producing more low calorie food allows people to keep young 【答案】 9.D 10.B 11.B 12.C 【解析】 试题分析: 文章讲述了沈自尹博士发明了一种能让人们保持年轻的药物。 9.D 考察细节理解题。根据文意 And, he has been working for the past forty years to put together the best of both and find a cure for aging.可知他通过把中西药结合发明了能让人保持年轻烦人药物， 所以答案是 D。 10.B 考察细节理解题。根据文意 According to Shen, it is the kidney which adjusts the functioning of the body as well as its aging process 可知沈博士认为保持人们年轻的重要角色是肾，所以答案是 B。 11.B 考察细节理解题。根据文意 This happens because when people grow old, their bodies produce T-cells 可知人们会变老的原因是人们的身体会制造胸腺细胞，所以答案是 B。 12.C 考察细节理解题。根据文意 But how effective it will be, only time can tell.可知沈博士的药 效如何还需时间进行验证，所以可推测出药效如何目前还不知晓，所以答案是 C。 考点：科技类阅读 D At most schools, “going green” means generating less trash or making an attempt to recycle.But at New York’s Riverdale Country School, it means being encouraged to run and even jump in the hallway. That’s because the school was the first to install ( 安装 ) the specially-designed Pavegen floor tiles (地砖) in America. The tiles use kinetic energy (动能) expanded by the kids and transform it into electricity that can be used to power classroom lights, science projects and charge electronic devices. The first US installation of Pavegen tiles
near the school’s student center is thanks to 14-year-old Zach Halem, who managed to convince the officials to purchase them. Besides providing fun green energy, the tiles also serve as a learning tool. Every time a student steps on one, a brightly-lit LED board provides instant feedback (反馈信息) on how much energy was generated. Depending on the force, every step results in between one to seven watts－enough power to light an LED street lamp for about 30 seconds. Made largely from rubber and other recycled materials the tiles are invented by the 26-year-old British industrial designer Laurence Kembell-Cook. While new to the US, they have been installed in numerous places in Europe, ranging from a London underground station to a marathon track in Paris. However, it was not until Pavegen started getting popular in London schools that Laurence realized that his invention not only saved energy, but was also fun! Though the young inventor will not give too many details about the technology behind this green tile, he says that it is very different from other kinetic energy harvesting systems. Whatever the secret, let’s hope more US schools decide to install these fun tiles. In fact, why stop at schools? These tiles could be installed everywhere, from sidewalks to homes. Then we could all be “green” and have fun! Who knew that was even possible? 13.What can we learn from the first paragraph? A. American students are encouraged to run and jump as much as possible. B. “Going green” means generating less trash or making an attempt to recycle. C. New York’s Riverdale Country School took a different way to go green. D. New York’s Riverdale Country School is the first US school to try new ways to go green. 14.Which of the following statements is TRUE about Laurence Kembell-Cook? A. His original motive to invent the Pavegen tiles was to save energy. B. He believed his invention would be popular with students. C. He keeps all the technology behind this green tile a secret. D. He persuaded the school to install Pavegen tiles. 15.Which part of a website is the passage probably taken from? A. Science. C. Education. B. Architecture. D. Agriculture.
【答案】 13.C 14.A 15.A 【解析】 试题分析: 文中讲述了 Laurence 发明了一种的新的节能方式。 13.C 考察细节理解题。根据文章第一段可知 New York’s Riverdale Country School 首次安装新型地板， 可知该学校采用了一种新的节能方式，所以答案是 C。 14.A 考察细节理解题。根据文意 it was not until Pavegen started getting popular in London schools that Laurence realized that his invention not only saved energy, but was also fun!可知直到 Pavegen 在伦敦开始变得流行起来的时候，Laurence 才意识到他的发明不仅能够节能而且还很有趣，所以可以推测 出他发明的最初初衷是节能，所以答案是 A。 15.A 考察判断推理题。文章讲述的是 Laurence 发明了一种的新的节能方式，深受大众欢迎，既然是发明， 应该是属于科学类的，所以答案是 A。 考点：科技类阅读 第二节（共 5 小题；每小题 2 分，共 10 分） 根据短文内容，从短文后的七个选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。 If you are in a crowd, the first and most important thing is to make yourself familiar with your surroundings and mentally notice alternate exits.___16_____ Make yourself aware of the type of ground you are standing on, and know that in a crowd of moving people wet or uneven ground can be slippery or hazardous, causing you to fall. ___17___ When in danger, a few seconds can make all the difference, giving you the possibility of taking advantage of escaping route. Always stay closer to the escape route. If you find yourself in the middle of a moving crowd, do not fight against the pressure, do not stand still or sit down, because you could easily get trampled.___18_____ Take advantage of any space that may open up to move sideways to the crowd movement where the flow is weaker. Keep your hands up by your chest, like a boxer—it gives you movement and protects your chest.____19____ If you cannot get up because you are injured, get someone to pull you back up. If you have kids, lift them up.
If you fall and cannot get up, keep moving by crawling in the same direction of the crowd, or if that is not possible, then cover your head with your arms and curl up into fetal position.___20____ A. Be aware of the general atmosphere of the event, as panic situations can often be expected. B. There is always space between people. C. Do not lie on your stomach or back, as this dangerously exposes your lungs. D. The worst is to be pushed by the crowd against an immovable object E. If you fall, get up quickly. F. No matter where you are, make sure you always know how to get out. G. Instead, move in the same direction of the crowd. 【答案】 16.F 17.A 18.G 19.E 20.C
英语知识运用（共两节，满分 45 分）
第一节 完形填空 （共 20 小题，每小题 1.5 分，共 30 分。）
阅读下面短文，从各题 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出可以填入空白处的最佳答案。 “How does the yard look?” My father asked, with his eyes shining. I could tell he was eagerly waiting for my 21 . “Wonderful!” I replied after I gave it a thorough 22 . Then I recited all the changes I had 23 in his
yard and he smiled contently. When I was young, my mother 24 in a car accident, leaving my father alone to 25 their three young
daughters. At the beginning, life was not always 26 always 27
and my younger sisters usually complained. However, Dad 28 that belief.
us to believe that life was good. Meanwhile, he tried his best to 29
In 1972, my dad developed a piece of waste land that had been first sign of 30
on Okaloosa Island. Every year at the
, he would begin spending countless hours working there to make it be bursting with colors. 31 turned into a beautiful garden with different types of flowers
Through his continuous hard work, the land
and other unique plants. While our friends were enjoying their vacation through traveling to different places, we were 32 working with my dad in his yard, watering the flowers, weeding or cutting off the branches. 33 them. Dad made his yard
Sometimes, our friends were envious of our working vacation, and we would very 34 so that it became our vacation paradise during our childhood. 35
For so many years, when we were
, we liked to visit Dad’s yard, because it could 37 that enabled us to survive and 39 38
us of Dad’s
belief. It was Dad and his yard that gave us
major challenges in
life. One day, it shocked us that Dad said he would not
the yard. Then he explained, “Twenty years ago I 40 ,
decided to start my work in that yard to tell you life is good. Now my work is done.” We were sitting in recalling what we had experienced. Life was good. Dad was right. 21.A. excuse 22.A. clean 23.A. achieved B. answer B. suggestion B. imagined C. decision C. inspection C. discovered C. ran away C. rescue C. wealthy C. authorized C. understand C. disappeared C. autumn D. suggestion D. arrangement D. promised D. gave up D. persuade D. lonely D. encouraged D. criticize D. provided D. winter
24.A. passed away B. turned up 25.A. scold 26.A. smooth 27.A. forced 28.A. change 29.A. advertised 30. A. spring B. raise B. sorrowful B. allowed B. prove B. abandoned B. summer
C. temporarily C. happily C. accompany C. disgusting C. guilty C. remind C. strength C. create C. challenge C. doubt
D. occasionally D. unwillingly D. consult D. extraordinary D. low D. inform D. opportunities D. conquer D. extend D. silence
32.A. impatiently B. carelessly 33.A. invite B. challenge
34. A. unnecessary B. unreasonable 35. A. confident 36.A. warn 37.A. emotion 38.A. forget 39.A. continue 40.A. safety 【答案】 21. B 22. C 23. C 24. A 25. B 26. A 27. D 28. B 29. B 30. A 31. B 32. C 33. A 34. D 35. D 36. C 37. C 38. D B. angry B. accuse B. choices B. admit B. sell B. despair
39. A 40. D 【解析】 试题分析：文章讲述了父亲开辟花园的事情来告诉我们生活中没有什么是不可能的。 21.B 考察名词辨析。A. excuse 借口；B. answer 回答；C. decision 决定；D. suggestion 意见；根据文 意我可以说父亲在焦急的等待着我的答案，所以答案是 B。 22.C 考察名词辨析。A. clean 干净；B. suggestion 建议；C. inspection 视察；D. arrangement 安排； 根据文意环视了一圈之后我给出了答案是“好极了”，所以答案是 C。 23.C 考察动词辨析。A. achieved 实现；B. imagined 想象；C. discovered 发现；D. promised 承诺；根 据文意我说出了我能发现的所有变化，父亲满意的笑了，所以答案是 C。 24.A 考察词组辨析。A. passed away 去世； B. turned up 转变；C. ran away 逃跑；D. gave up 放弃； 根据文意在我小时候，母亲在一场车祸中去世了，所以答案是 A。 25.B 考察动词辨析。A. scold 责备；B. raise 抚养；C. rescue 挽救；D. persuade 说服；根据文意在我 小时候，母亲在一场车祸中去世了，留下了父亲一人独自抚养三个女儿，所以答案是 B。 26.A 考察形容词。A. smooth 顺畅的；B. sorrowful 悲伤地；C. wealthy 富有的；D. lonely 孤独的；根 据文意在刚开始，生活并不是很顺利，所以答案是 A。 27.D 考察动词辨析。A. forced 强制；B. allowed 允许；C. authorized 权威；D. encouraged 鼓励；根据 文意然而，父亲经常鼓励我们相信生活是美好的，所以答案是 D。 28.B 考察动词辨析。A. change 改变；B. prove 证明；C. understand 理解；D. criticize 批判；根据文 意与此同时，他也在尽自己做大的努力证明自己的信仰，所以答案是 B。 29.B 考察动词辨析。A. advertised 广告；B. abandoned 遗弃；C. disappeared 提供；根据文意在 1972 年的时候，父亲开辟了一块废弃的土地，所以答案是 B。 30.A 考察名词辨析。A. spring 春天；B. summer 夏天；C. autumn 秋天；D. winter 冬天；根据文意每年 春天来得时候我们将在哪里工作无数个小时使它变得五颜六色，所以答案是 A。 31.B 考察副词辨析。A. suddenly 突然地；B. gradually 渐渐地；C. temporarily 暂时的；D. occasionally 偶然的；根据文意经过持续不断的努力工作，这块土地已经变成了五颜六色的花园了，所以答案是 B。 32.C 考察副词辨析。A. impatiently 不耐烦的； B. carelessly 粗心的；C. happily 高兴地； D. 消失；D. provided
unwillingly 不情愿的；根据文意在院子里我们高兴和爸爸一起工作，浇水、修建树杈所以答案是 C。 33.A 考察动词辨析。A. invite 邀请；B. challenge 挑战；C. accompany 陪伴；D. consult 查阅；根
据文意有时候，我的同学们非常羡慕我的假期，我们也会邀请他们，所以答案是 A。 34. D 考察形容词辨析。A. unnecessary 没必要的； B. unreasonable 不合理的；C. disgusting 令人厌 烦的；D. extraordinary 不同寻常的；根据文意爸爸是他的院子变得不同寻常以至于成为了我们童年时期 的假期天堂所以答案是 D。 35. D 考察形容词辨析。A. confident 自信的；B. angry 生气的；C. guilty 内疚的；D. low 低谷的；根 据文意多年来，每当我们处在人生的低谷期的时候，我们就喜欢看看爸爸的院子，所以答案是 D。 36.C 考察动词辨析。A. warn 警告；B. accuse 指责；C. remind 提醒；D. inform 通知；根据文意多年
来，每当我们处在人生的低谷期的时候，我们就喜欢看看爸爸的院子，它会使我们想起爸爸的信仰，所以 答案是 C。 37.C 考察名词辨析。A. emotion 情绪；B. choices 选择；C. strength 力量；D. opportunities 机会；根 据文意爸爸和他的院子会给予我们力量，所以答案是 C。 38.D 考察动词辨析。A. forget 忘记；B. admit 承认；C. create 创造；D. conquer 征服；根据文意爸爸 和他的院子会给予我们力量去征服生活中的挑战，所以答案是 D。 39.A 考察动词辨析。A. continue 继续；B. sell 销售；C. challenge 挑战；D. extend 延伸；根据文意一 天爸爸说不在继续经营院子是我们很震惊，所以答案是 A。 40.D 考察形容词辨析。A. safety 安全；B. despair 绝望；C. doubt 意我们心有疑虑的坐在那里，所以答案是 D。 考点：故事类短文 怀疑；D. silence 沉默；根据文
第 II 卷
第二部分 英语知识运用（共两节，满分 45 分）
第二节 语法填空（共 10 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 15 分） 阅读下面材料，在空白处填入适当的内容（1 个单词）或括号内单词的正确形式。 Shanxi noodles: A matter worth being proud of A commonly used greeting in China is the question, "Have you eaten?" It indicates the _____41_____(important) of food in China. The Chinese are _____42_____ (extreme) proud of their cuisine（烹 饪）.For example, Shanxi takes full advantage. It is famous for its noodles _____43_____ (make) of wheat. It has a recorded history of more than 2,000 years in making wheat-flour noodles. Every kind of noodle imaginable can be found in Shanxi. Even Marco Polo _____44_____ (inspire) by the making of the Shanxi noodles, which led him to take the recipes back to Italy and Europe. _____45_____ most
popular Shanxi noodle is the daoxiaomian. This noodle is shaved from a giant block of dough(面团) hoisted over the chef's shoulder. The noodles are shaved off directly into boiling water. There is a phrase _____46_____describes the noodle-making process: "One noodle in the _____47_____ (boil) water, one flying in the air, and one just being cut". The noodles are usually served in a small bowl, mixed _____48_____fresh vegetables. As a special refinement，you can put some Shanxi vinegar on top. The extra aged vinegar is a typical product of the region as well. One can find handmade noodles all over China today, _____49_____Shanxi province is special. It's _____50_____ the art of noodle-making reached its top. 【答案】 41.importance 42.extremely 43.made 44.was inspired 45.The 46.that/which 47.boiling 48.with 49.but 50.where 【解析】 41.importance 考察形容词。The importance of 是固定搭配，表示“...的重要性”，文意是他暗指了中 国食物的重要性。 42.extremely 考察副词。extremely 是副词，表示“及其、非常”的意思。文意是中国人对自己的烹饪感 到非常自豪。 43.made 考察动词。Be made of 是制作的意思。文意是由小麦制作的面条是很出名的。面条是“被制作”， 所以要用被动语态。 44.was inspired 考察被动语态。文意是就连马可波罗也被山西的面条所折服了。马可波罗是“被”折服， 所以要用被动语态。
45.The 考察定冠词。The 是特指的意思，文中特指山西面条。文意是最流行山西面条是刀削面。 46.that/which 考察引导词。that/which 引导的从句做 phase 的定语。文意思这里有描述面条的制做过程。 47.boiling 考察动名词。Boiling water 表示“沸腾的水”，文意是把面条放在沸腾的水里。 48.with 考察介词。Mix with 是固定搭配，表示“混合”的意思。文意是面条通常盛在一只碗里，混合油 新鲜的蔬菜。 49.but 考察转折连词。文意是现在全国都可制作手工面条，但山西的是独特的，前后是转折关系，所以要 用转折连词 but。 50.where 考察引导词。文意是山西制作的面条的艺术已经到达顶峰了。 考点：语法填空。
第三部分 写作（共两节， 满分 35 分）
第一节 短文改错（共 10 小题，每小题 1 分，满分 10 分） 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文， 请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。 文中共有 10 处语言错误， 每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加：在缺词处加一个漏字符号（∧），并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除：把多余的词用斜线（﹨）划掉。 修改：在错的词下划一横线，并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意：1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词； 2. 只允许修改 10 处，多者（从第 11 处起）不计分。 No one lives without a dream. Whether the path is smoothly or tough,we are on the path to achieving it . As a senior 3 student, I have the same dream like my classmates that I can be admitted to an ideal university. In the past three years, I have done everything I can equip myself with that I have learnt from my teachers. Not only have I enjoy the pleasure of study but also I have got closer to my dream. Anxiety and pressure discourage him now and then. Therefore, with the encouragement of my teachers and classmates, I think I’ll make out it. I’m sure that there is still a long way to go to achieve my dream. No matter how challenged it is, I’ll make it come true. As the proverb says,“Where there has a will, there’s a way.” 【答案】 51.smoothly- smooth 52.like-as 53.can 后加 to
54.that-what 55.enjoyed-enjoy 56.him-me 57.therefore-however 58.去掉 out 59.challenged-challenging 60.has-is 【解析】 51.smoothly- smooth 考察形容词。系动词后接形容词构成系表结构。文意思通向梦想的道路不管是顺利或 者艰难，我们在通往成功的道路上。 52.like-as 考察介词。The same as 是固定搭配，表示“同样的”，文意是作为一个高三的学生，我与其 他的同学一样有着同样的梦想，希望我能进入一所理想的大学。 53.can 后加 to 考察不定式。I can 是插入语，可以省略不提，文意是我所做的一切事情都是为了装备我自 己。 54.that-what 考察引导词。这里 what 引导宾语从句并充当其宾语,that 只起连接作用。文意是我向老师学 习来装备我自己。 55.enjoy-enjoyed 考察动词。我享受到了学习的乐趣，是 I have enjoyed the pleasure of study，当 not only 放在句首时要使用半倒装结构，即谓语动词的助动词前提。文意是我不进享受到了学习的乐趣，而且 距离梦想更近了一步。 56.him-me 考察人称代词。文中人称代词使用错误，文中全文使用的是第一人称。文意是压力正在不时地 使我感到泄气。 57.therefore-however 考察转折连词。压力正在不时地使我感到泄气，在老师和同学们的鼓励下，我相信 我能克服它，两句前后是转折关系，所以用转折连词 however。 58.去掉 out 考察介词。Make out 是固定搭配，表示“理解”的意识，用在此处不合适。文意是在老师和同 学们的鼓励下，我相信我能克服它。 59.challenged-challenging 考察动名词。文意是无论多么困难，我都将实现我的梦想。 60.has-is 考察谓语动词。Where there is a will, there’s a way.是谚语，表示“有志者事竟成”，陈 述的是一般事实，所以用一般现在时态即可。 考点：短文改错。
第二节 书面表达 （满分 25 分） 成语（Chinese idioms）是中国文化的重要组成部分，它能用简单的词语表达出丰富并且深刻的意义。假定 你是李华，你的外国笔友 James 对中国成语很感兴趣，向你咨询有关中国成语的信息，请你写一份回信， 包括如下内容： 1. 简单介绍成语; 2. 学习成语的益处; 3. 分享自己学习成语的感受和体会； 注意：1. 词数 100 左右； 2. 可以适当增加细节，以使行文连贯。 Dear James,
I am glad that you are interested in Chinese idioms.
I sincerely hope you can learn them well.
Yours, 【答案】 Dear James， I am glad that you are interested in Chinese idioms.Chinese idioms,mainly consisting of four or more Chinese characters, have been appealing to those absorbed in the Chinese language because they are an indispensable part of Chinese culture.The benefits of learning them can be listed as follows. First,with many of Chinese idioms widely used in our daily life, a good knowledge of them contributes to better understanding both spoken Chinese and written Chinese. Second, they usually possess vivid and profound meanings, making what you try to convey more convincing. As far as I am concerned, I have a preference for the interesting stories behind some of the Chinese idioms. Not only are they interesting, but also they tend to teach some wisdom, which helps me a lot.
I sincerely hope you can learn them well. Yours Li Hua 【解析】 试题分析：考查开放性作文写作,开放性作文给出了一个话题，并有部分的文字提示。给考生自由发挥的余 地较大。对于考生的综合能力要求较高，要求考生有很强的谋篇布局的能力和组织要点的能力。在完成开 放性作文时，首先要选择自己熟悉的短语或者句型，在你的能力范围之内，选择句式时要赋予变化，因为 这样你才可以更好的驾驭。同时也要选择合适的连接词，把各个要点组织成一个完整的整体 【亮点说明】范文中运用一些常见的短语 be interested in 感兴趣； consist of 包含；appeal to 吸引； in our daily life 在我们的日常生活中；As far as I am concerned 就我而言；tend to 打算； 考点： 提纲类作文