2015 年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试 英语(北京卷) 本试卷共 16 页， 共 150 分。考试时间为 120 分钟。考生务必将答案答在答题卡 上，在试卷上作答无效。考试结束后，将本试卷和答题卡一并交回。 第一部分：听力理解（共三节：30 分） 第一节（共 5 小题；每小题 1.5 分，共 7.5 分） 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一道小题，从每题所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中 选出最佳选项。听完每段对话后，你将有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读 下一小题，每段对话你将听一遍。 例：What is the man going to read？ A．A newspaper B．A magazine C．A book 答案是 A 1. What kind of music does the woman like？ A．Classical music B. Rock music C.Country music
2. Which sweater will the man take? A．The red one B。The blue one C. The yellow one
3.How will the man pay？ A．In cash B.By credit card C.By traveler’s cheque
4.Where are the woman’s keys? A.In her pocket B.On the floor C.On the table
5.What will the man probably do tonight? A.Read Chapter 4 B.Study in the library C.Watch the football match
第二节（共 10 小题；每小题 1.5 分，共 15 分） 听下面 4 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几道小题，从每题所给的 A、B、
C 三个选项中选出最佳选项。听每段对话或独白前，你将有 5 秒钟的时间阅读每 小题。听完后，每小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白你将听两遍。 听第 6 段材料，回答第 6 至 7 题。 6.What is the relationship between the two speakers？ A．Travel agent and customer B．Husband and wife C．Boss and secretary 7.When will the meetings end？ A．At3:00pm. B.At 5:00pm. C.At 6:30pm.
听第 7 段材料，回答第 8 至 9 题。 8.Where is the foreign language section？ A．In Row 3. B.In Row 5. C.In Row 7
9.What does the man decide to borrow? A.Novels. B.Biographies. C.Magazines
听第 8 段材料，回答第 10 至 12 题。 10.Why dose the man make the call? A.To ask for information B.To make an appointment C.To send out an invitation 11.What sport is the man interested in? A.Football B.Basketball C.Swimming 12.On what days is the sports center closed? A.Mondays B.Fridays C.Sundays
听第 9 段材料，回答第 13 至 15 题。 13.What is the speaker mainly talking about? A.Rules of the school B.Course requirements C.Notices of the new term.
14.Which club will meet on Wednesdays? A.Baseball B.Dance C.Chess 15.When will the parents’ evening for Year 8 be held? A.In September B.In October C.In November 第三节（共 5 小题；每小题 1.5 分，共 7.5 分） 听下面一段对话， 完成第 16 至第 20 五道小题， 每小题仅填写一个 词。 听对话前， ．． 你将有 20 秒钟的时间阅读试题，听完后你将有 60 秒钟的作答时间。这段对话你 将听两遍。
Cell Phone Repair Form Customer’s Name Telephone No. Time of Purchase Problem Solution（解决方案） Thomas 17 18 1st,2015 16
Screen went19 20 it up and check the inside
第二部分：知识运用（共两节，45 分） （略） 第一节 单项填空（共 15 小题；每小题 1 分，共 15 分） 从每题所给的 ABCD 四个选项中，选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项，并在答题 卡上将该项涂黑。 例：It’s so nice to hear from her again. ago. A. What’s more C. In other words 答案是 D。 B. That’s to say 16 D. Believe it or not , we last met more than thirty years
21. _____the early flight，we ordered a taxi in advance and got up very early. A.Catching B.Caught C.To catch D.Catch
22. —Did you enjoy the party? —Yes.We _____well by our hosts. A.were treated B.would be treated C.treated D.had treated
23.The park was full of people____themselves in the sunshine A.having enjoyed B.enjoyed C.enjoying D.to enjoy
24.Opposite is St.Paul’s Church, _____you can hear some lovely music. A.which B.that C.when D.where
25.He is a shy man, _____he is not afraid of anything or anyone. A.so B.but C.or D.as
26.In the last few years,China_____great achievements in environmental protection. A.has made B.had made C.was making D.is making
27—Did you have diffficulty fingding Ann’s house? —Not really.She_____us clear directions and we were able to find it easily. A.was to give B.had given C.was giving D.would give 28.You won’t find paper cutting difficult _____you keep practicing it. A. even though B. as long as C .as if D. ever since 29.—Can’t you stay a little longer? —It’s getting late. I really _____go now, My daughter is home alone. A .may B .can C . must D .dare 30.—Dr. Jackson is not in his office at the moment. —All right. I____ him later. A. will call B. have called C. call D will be calling 31.If ___for the job, you’ll be informed soon. A .to accept B. accept C. accepting D. accepted 32._____the damage is dooe, it will take many years for the farmland to recover. A.Untill B.Unless C. Once D.Although 33.I truly believe ______beauty comes from within. A. that B.where C. what D.why 34.If I _____it with my own eyes ,Iwouldn’t have believed it. A .didn’t see B.weren’t seeing C. Wouldn’t see D.hadn’t seen 35._____we understand things has a lot to do with what we feel. A. Where B.How C.Why D. When 第二节 完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1.5 分，共 30 分）
阅读下面短文， 掌握其大意，从每题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出 最佳选项，并在答题卡上讲该项 涂黑。 A Welcome Gift Dario and his mother loved their new apartment. The living room was large enough for their piano. That night, the two of them 36 side by side at the piano. They played jazz music to celebrate their new home. The loud 37 filled the room and made them feel very happy. The next morning, 38 , their happiness disappeared. Someone had left a 39 under their door during the night. One of their neighbor had written to complain(抱怨) about the sound of the piano. Dario’s mother asked the building superintendent(管理员) if he knew anything about it. But he said that they were all 40 people and he couldn’t imagine any of them had done that. Later that morning, Dario suggested that they write a letter to their 41 and apologize for their playing. “Maybe we could go and 42 everyone in person.” his mother said. “What if we invited them to come here for a 43 instead? Dario asked. They both loved the 44 . Over the next few days, they sent out invitations and prepared desserts 45 their guests. They decorated the apartment with streamers(彩带) and party lights. Finally, the day of the party 46 . Some guests brought presents. Others brought flowers. Some even brought desserts to 47 . One woman, Mrs. Gilbert, 48 Dario’s mother with a book of piano music by Chopin. “I heard you playing the other night,” she said. “The sounds woke me out of bed. I 49 that you might play like this every night. So I wrote a short note. I hope you don’t think I disliked the playing.” Dario’s mother smiled at Mrs. Gilbert. “I think maybe we 50 you an apology.” she said. “I didn’t 51 how late it was when we were playing. Maybe we should play some quieter music at night. “You play, you play!” Mrs. Gilbert said. “I like what you play! Just not so loud at night.” She pointed to the book she had given them. “These songs are not such 52 music.” “These songs are beautiful music.” Dario’s mother said. “We will be 53 to play them in the evening.” “And we won’t play so loud or late!” Dario said. He was already looking forward to 54 the new music. More than that, however, he was happy to see the big smile on his mother’s face. It gave him a feeling of 55 and made him feel that they were home at last. 36. A. sat B. stood C. lay D. walked 37. A. voice B. ring C. music D. cry 38. A. therefore B. however C. otherwise D. instead 39. A. note B. poster C. bill D.report 40. A. proud B. rich C. lucky D. nice 41. A. neighbors B. friends C. relatives D. audience
42. A. blame B. instruct C. question D. visit 43. A. party B. concert C. show D. play 44. A. experience B. idea C. performance D. action 45. A. to B. with C. for D. from 46. A. continued B. arrived C. passed D. finished 47. A. order B. sell C. share D. advertise 48. A. treated B. presented C. helped D. served 49. A. promised B. admitted C. agreed D. worried 50. A. give B. send C. offer D. owe 51. A. realize B. remember C. understand D. accept 52. A. sweet B. strange C. funny D. loud 53. A. brave B. sorry C. happy D. afraid 54. A. changing B. practicing C. recording D. writing 55. A. equality B. freedom C. warmth D. sympathy 第三部分：阅读理解 （共两节，20 分）
第一节（共 15 小题；每小题 2 分，共 30 分）
阅读下列短文：从每题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出最佳选项，将正 确的选项涂在答题卡上。 A The Boy Made It! One Sunday, Nicholas, a teenager, went skiing at Sugarloaf Mountain in Maine. In the early afternoon, when he was planning to go home, a fierce snowstorm swept into the area. Unable to see far, he accidentally turned off the path. Before he knew it, Nicholas was lost, all alone! He didn’t have food, water, a phone, or other supplies. He was getting colder by the minute. Nicholas had no idea where he was. He tried not to panic. He thought about all the survival shows he had watched on TV. It was time to put the tips he had learned to use. He decided to stop skiing. There was a better chance of someone finding him if he stayed put. The first thing he did was to find shelter form the freezing wind and snow. If he didn’t, his bodytemperature would get very low, which could quickly kill him.Using his skis, Nicholas built a snow cave. He gathered a hugemass of snow and dug out a hole in the middle. Then he piledbranches on top of himself, like a blanket, to stay as warm as he could. By that evening, Nicholas was really hungry. He ate snow anddrank water from a nearby stream so that his body wouldn’t lose toomuch water. Not knowing how much longer he could last, Nicholasdid the only thing he could — he huddled (蜷缩) in his cave and slept.
The next day, Nicholas went out to look for help, but he couldn’tfind anyone. He followed his tracks and returned to the snow cave,because without shelter, he could die that night. On Tuesday,Nicholas went out again to find help. He had walked for about a milewhen a volunteer searcher found him. After two days stuck in thesnow, Nicholas was saved. Nicholas might not have survived this snowstorm had it not beenfor TV. He had often watched Grylls’ survival show Man vs. Wild.That’s where he learned the tips that saved his life. In each episode(一期节目) of Man vs. Wild, Grylls is abandoned in a wild area and has to find his way out. When Grylls heard about Nicholas’ amazing deeds, he wassuper impressed that Nicholas had made it since he knew betterthan anyone how hard Nicholas had to work to stay alive. 56. What happened to Nicholas one Sunday afternoon? A. He got lost. B. He broke his skis. C. He hurt his eyes D. He caught a cold. 57. How did Nicholas keep himself warm? A. He found a shelter. B. He lighted some branches. C. He kept on skiing. D. He built a snow cave. 58. On Tuesday, Nicholas ______. A. returned to his shelter safely B. was saved by a searcher C. got stuck in the snow D. stayed where he was 59. Nicholas left Grylls a very deep impression because he ______. A. did the right things in the dangerous situation B. watched Grylls’ TV program regularly C. created some tips for survival D. was very hard-working B Revolutionary TV Ears TV Ears has helped thousands of people with various degrees of hearing loss hear the television clearly without turning up the volume(音量) and now it’s better and more affordable than ever! With TV Ears wireless technology, you set your own headset volume, while other TV listeners hear the television at a volume level that’s comfortable for them. You can even listen through the headset only and put the TV on mute(静音) if the situation calls for a quiet environment —maybe the baby is sleeping. Or perhaps you are the only one who is interested in listening to the ballgame.
TV Ears patented technology includes a revolutionary noise reduction car tip, not used in any other commercially available headset. This tip reduces outside noise so that television dialogue is clear and understandable. Get the technology that has proven to help the most demanding customers. That’s why TV Ears has earned the trust and confidence of audiologists(听觉学家) nationwide as well as world-famous doctors.
Doctor Recommended TV Ears! “My wife and I have used TV Ears almost daily for the past two years and find them a great help in our enjoyment of television . As a retired ear doctor, I heartily recommend TV Ears to people with normal hearing as well as those with hearing loss.” — Robert Forbes, M. D, CA Customer Recommended TV Ears! “ Now my husband can have the volume as loud as he needs and I can have the TV at my hearing level. TV Ears is so comfortable that Jack forgets he has them on ! He can once again hear and understand the dialogue.” — Darlene & Jack B, CA Risk Free Trial! TV Ears comes with a 30-day risk free trial. Special Offer — Now ＄59.95. If you’re not satisfied, return it. Money-back guarantee! Call now ! 800-123-7832
60. TV Ears helps you ______. A. improve your sleeping quality B. listen to TV without disturbing others C. change TV channels without difficulty D. become interested in ballgame programs 61. What makes TV Ears different from other headsets? A. It can easily set TV on mute B. Its headset volume is adjustable C. It has a new noise reduction ear tip D. It applies special wireless technology 62.This advertisement is made more believable by ______. A. using recommendations B. offering reasons for this invention C. providing statistics D. showing the results of experiments C Life in the Clear Transparent animals let light pass through their bodies the same way light passes through a window. These animals typically live between the surface of the ocean and a depth of about 3,300 feet—as far as most light can reach. Most of them are extremely delicate and can be damaged by a simple touch. Sonke Johnsen, a scientist in biology, says, “These animals live through their life alone. They never touch anything unless they’re eating it, or unless something is eating them.” And they are as clear as glass. How does an animal become see-through? It’s trickier than you might think. The objects around you are visible because they interact with light. Light typically travels in a straight line. But some materials slow and scatter(散射) light, bouncing it away from its original path. Others absorb light, stopping it dead in its tracks. Both scattering and absorption make an object look different from other objects around it, so you can see it easily. But a transparent object doesn’t absorb or scatter light, at least not very much, Light can pass through it without bending or stopping. That means a transparent object doesn’t look very different from the surrounding air or water. You don’t see it ----you see the things behind it. To become transparent, an animal needs to keep its body from absorbing or scattering light. Living materials can stop light because they contain pigments(色素) that absorb specific colors of light. But a transparent animal doesn’t have pigments, so its tissues won’t absorb light. According to Johnsen, avoiding absorption is actually easy. The real challenge is preventing light from scattering. Animals are built of many different materials----skin, fat, and more----and light moves through each at a different speed. Every time light moves into a material with a new speed, it bends and scatters. Transparent animals use different tricks to fight scattering. Some animals are simply very small or extremely flat. Without much tissue to scatter light, it is easier to be see—through. Others build a large, clear mass of
non-living jelly-lie(果冻状的)material and spread themselves over it . Larger transparent animals have the biggest challenge, because they have to make all the different tissues in their bodies slow down light exactly as much as water does. They need to look uniform. But how they’re doing it is still unknown. One thing is clear for these larger animals, staying transparent is an active process. When they die, they turn a non-transparent milky white. 63. According to Paragraph 1, transparent animals_______. A. stay in groups B. can be easily damaged C. appear only in deep ocean D. are beautiful creatures 64. The underlined word “dead” in Paragraph 3 means__________. A. silently B. gradually C. regularly D. completely 65. One way for an animal to become transparent is to ________. A. change the direction of light travel B. gather materials to scatter light. C. avoid the absorption of light D. grow bigger to stop light. 66. The last paragraph tells us that larger transparent animals________. A. move more slowly in deep water B. stay see-through even after death C. produce more tissues for their survival D. take effective action to reduce light spreading
D Technological change is everywhere and affects every aspectof life, mostly for the better. However, social changes are broughtabout by new technology are often mistaken for a change in attitudes. An example at hand is the involvement of parents in the lives oftheir children who are attending college. Surveys (调查) on this topicsuggests that parents today continue to be “very” or “somewhat”overly-protective even after their children move into college dormitories. The same surveys also indicate that the rate of parental involvement is greater today than it was a generation ago. This isusually interpreted as a sign that today’s parents are trying tomanage their children’s lives past the point where this behavior is appropriate. However, greater parental involvement does not necessarily indicate that parents are failing to let go of their “adult” children. In the context (背景) of this discussion, it seems valuable to firstfind out the cause of change in the case of parents’ involvement withtheir grown children. If parents of earlier generations had wanted to be in touch with their college-age children
frequently, would this have been possible? Probably not. On the other hand, does the possibility of frequent communication today mean that the urge to do so wasn’t present a generation ago? Many studies show that older parents—today’s grandparents—would have called their children more often if the means and cost of doing so had not beena barrier. Furthermore, studies show that finances are the most frequentsubject of communication between parents and their collegechildren. The fact that college students are financially dependent ontheir parents is nothing new; nor are requests for more money to besent from home. This phenomenon is neither good nor bad; it is afact of college life, today and in the past. Thanks to the advanced technology, we live in an age ofbettered communication. This has many implications well beyondthe role that parents seem to play in the lives of their children whohave left for college. But it is useful to bear in mind that all suchchanges come from the technology and not some imagined desireby parents to keep their children under their wings. 67. The surveys inform us of______. A. the development of technology B. the changes of adult children’s behavior C. the parents’ over-protection of their college children D. the means and expenses of students’ communication 68. The writer believes that__________. A. parents today are more protective than those in the past B. the disadvantages of new technology outweigh its advantages C. technology explains greater involvement with their children D. parents’changed attitudes lead to college children’s delayed independence 69. What is the best title for the passage? A. Technology or Attitude B. Dependence or Independence C. Family Influences or Social Changes D. College Management or Communication Advancement 70. Which of the following shows the development of ideas in this passage?
D（图片不全） 第二节（共 5 小题；每小题 2 分。共 10 分） 根据短文内容，从短文后的七 个选项中选出正确的填入空白处。选项中有两项为多余选项。 This Way to Dreamland Daydreaming means people think about something pleasant, especially when this makes them forget what they should be doing. Daydreamers have a bad reputation for being unaware of what’s happening around them. They can seem forgetful and clumsy._71__They annoy us because they seem to be ignoring us and missing the important things. But daydreamers are also responsible for some of the greatest ideas and achievements in human history. __72__ Can you imagine what kind of world we would have without such ideas and inventions? So how can you come up with brilliant daydreams and avoid falling over tree roots or otherwise looking like a fool? First, understand that some opportunities(机会) for daydreaming are better than others. Feeling safe and relaxed will help you to slip into daydreams.__73_ And if you want to improve your chances of having a creative idea while you’re daydreaming, try to do it while you are involved in another task—preferably something simple, like taking a shower or walking, or even making meaningless drawings. It’s also important to know how to avoid daydreams for those times when you really need to concerntrate. “Mindfulness”, being focused, is a tool that some people use to avoid falling asleep.__74__ Finally, you never know what wonderful idea might strike while your mind has moved slowly away.____75_ Always remember that your best ideas might come when your head is actually in the clouds. A. Having interesting things to think about also helps.
B. They stare off into space and wander by themselves. C. Without wandering minds, we wouldn’t have relatively, Coke or Post-it notes. D. At one time, daydreaming was thought to be a cause of some mental illnesses. E. It involves slow, steady breathing for self-control that helps people stay calm and attentive. F. Daydreams are often very simple and direct, quite unlike sleep dreams, which may be hard to understand. G. Therefore, it’s a good idea to keep a notebook or voice recorder nearby when you’re in the daydream zone. 第四部分：书面表达（共两节，35 分） 第一节（15 分） 假如你是红星中学高三李华，请给你的美国朋友 Jim 写一封信，告诉他 你打算参加龙舟训练营，希望他一起参加，邮件的内容包括： 1. 介绍训练营的相关内容（例如；时间，地点，参加者等） ； 2. 说明你打算参加的原因； 3. 询问对方的意向。 注意： 1. 词数不少于 50； 2. 开头和结尾已给出， 不计入总词数。 提示词：龙舟训练营 Dragon Boat Training Camp Dear Jim, Yours, Li Hua
第二节 （ 20 分） 假设你是红星中学高三学生李华。请根据以下四幅图的先后顺序， 介绍在“传统文化进校园”活动中，向面人艺术家学习捏面人的过程， 并以“A Day with a Craftsman”为题，给校刊“英语角”写一篇英文稿件。 注意： 词数不少于 60。 提示词： 一个面团 a piece of dough 面人 dough figurine
2015 年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试 英语(北京卷) 答案 第一部分：听力理解(共三节，30 分) 第一节（共 5 小题：每小题 1.5 分，共 7.5 分） 1-5： BAABC 第二节（共 10 小题：每小题 1.5 分，共 15 分） 6-10: CACBA 11-15: BACCB 第三节（共 5 小题；每小题 1.5 分，共 7.5 分） 每小题 1.5 分。如果出现拼写错误不计分；出现大小写、单复数错误扣 0.5 分； 如每小题超过一个词不计分。 16.Tarshis/TARSHIS 17. 627935 18. May 19. black 20. Open/open
第二部分：知识运用（共两节，45 分） 第一节 单项填空（共 15 小题，每小题 1 分，共 15 分） 21-25：CACDB 26-30:ABBCA 31-35: DCADB
第二节 完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1.5 分，共 30 分） 36-40: ABBAD 41-45: CBDDCADABC 46-50: BCBDD 51-55:ADCBC
第三部分：阅读理解（共两节，40 分） 第一节（共 15 小题；每小题 2 分，共 30 分） 56-60： ADBAB 61-65： CABDC 66-70: DCCAD
第二节（共 5 小题；每小题 2 分，共 10 分） 71-75: BCAEG 第四部分：书面表达（共两节，35 分） 第一节（15 分） One possible version Dear Jim, I’m writing to tell you my exciting plan for the summer holiday. I want to join a Dragon Boat Training Camp. I wonder if you’d like to go with me. This camp will open on July 20th, It offers teenagers like you and me a chance to
enjoy sports and learn about Chinese culture. If you are interested in it, let me know and I’ll send you more information. Hope to meet you at the training camp this summer. Yours, LiHua
第二节（20 分） 一、内容要点： 1.欢迎 3.实践 二、One possible version Last Tuesday, our class invited an old craftsman to teach us how to make dough figurines. When the craftsman came into the classroom, we gave him a warm welcome and two boys helped him with the tool box. First, he showed us the basic steps and skills of making dough figurines. We stood around him and watched attentively. Then we started to have a try ourselves. The old man walked around and helped us patiently.Finally, we put the figurines we made on the table and took pictures with the old craftsman. Looking at the figurines, we were all very excited. We hope we can have more activities of this kind!