英语:选修10-unit4-learning-efficiently-grammar课件(新人教版)_图文

人教实验版选修 10 Unit 4

Grammar
The Subjunctive Mood

?
1.

The Subjunctive Mood

If I were Andy Lou, I would be in Hong Kong now. hypotheses

I wish I were a millionaire. wishes 3. We suggest that everyone should help the AIDS patients. suggestion
2. ?

When to use the Subjunctive Mood in English? 虚拟语气

The definition of the Subjunctive Mood

虚拟语气是一种特殊的动词形式
(verb structure),用来表示说话人所说

的话不是一个事实 (fact),而只是一种
假设(hypotheses ) 愿望(wishes)、建议

(suggestion) 或怀疑doubt等等。

虚拟语气应该注意的几点:
1.虚拟语气在条件句中 1)表示不太可能出现的情况”, 条件从句一般用 过去时,主句用would do, should do 或 might

/could do;
2)表示“本可能发生却未发生的事情”, 条

件从句用过去完成时,主句用would have

done, should have done, might / could have done

? The old men would find it difficult to get a job if they left the farm. ? I should be surprised if it was less than five pounds. ? If I frightened those birds, they might fly off and I would never see them again.

? If I were you, I would accept the office.

? If I were asked to define my mood, I’d say “bored”. ? If he had taken his doctor’s advice, he might not have died so soon. ? If he had realized that, he would have run away while there was still time.
? If she had not married, she could have become special in the filed.

2.虚拟语气在条件句也可用来表示“将来不太可

能出现的情况”,

条件从句用 should do,

were to 或一般过去时,主句用 would do, should do, could/might do.
? If it should rain tomorrow, the sports meet would have to be put off.

? I could see the surface of the moon with my own eyes if I were to go to the moon some day. ? What would you do if he failed to come tomorrow?

注意:含有 should 的条件句,主句可以用一般 现在时或一般将来时.例如:

? If there should be another flood, what shall we do?
? Ask her to leave a message if she should come.

3. 在正式英语文体中,if 从句中的第一个动词如

果是should, were 或 had, 可将此动词置于句首,
替代 if.例如:

? Were it all true, it would still not excuse their actions.
? Had the captain been more careful, his ship would not have sunk. ? Should any visitors come, I would say you are not here.

4. if only 和 suppose (supposing), 也可以引导 虚拟从句.

? If only I had more time, I could go there to help them. ? Supposing it were fine tomorrow, would you go climbing the mountain with us?

5. If it were not / had not been for… 也是常见 的虚拟句型,意思是“要不是…” 例如:

? If it had not been for your help, we would not have achieved so much in our work. ? If it were not for the wise decision, We could not be living a happy life.

6. 虚拟语气用于I wish…

的宾语从句中:表示

现在时间,动词用一般过去时和过去进行时 (be
动词用were /was).表示过去时间,动词用过去 完成时和过去完成进行时.表示将来时间,动词 用 would/ could 等+动词原形

? I wish I knew how to operate this computer.
? I wish he weren’t so lazy. ? I do wish everything would be as quiet as before.

? I wish he hadn’t been working overtime yesterday.
注意:这里I wish… 所表达的意思与 if only…差 不多.以上的句子都可以用if only 来代替 I wish 例如:

? If only I knew how to operate this computer.
? If only we hadn’t been working overtime yesterday.

7. It’s (about/high) time +从句,表示“该做而 未做的事”,是一种婉转的建议,从句中的动词 用一般过去时 例如:

? It is high time we began to work.
? We’ve enjoyed the evening, but it’s time we went home. ? It’s about time the boy learned to behave himself.

8. 表示“要求、建议、命令” 等动词demand,

require, suggest, insist, advise, order 等后接宾 语从句时,从句谓语动词一般用虚拟语气,即 should + 动词原形(do/be done), should 也可以
省略.例如:

? He insisted that John (should) do the job.
? We suggest that the meeting (should) not be postponed. ? The union demanded that the wages (should) be raised by 20%.

常用的这类动词是:ask (要求), advise(建议),

command(命令), decide(决定), demand (要求), insist(坚持), move(提议), order (命令), propose(提出), require(要求), request(请求), suggest(建议), urge(主张)
如果这些动词不是表示“要求、建议、命令”等 意思时,这时宾语从句一般不用虚拟语气。

例如:
? He insisted that I was wrong. 意思是“坚持认为”) ? The expression on her face suggests that she knows the secret. (这儿 suggest 意思是 (这儿 insist

“表明”

1. If he had not lost his money, he ___ the piano last week.

A would buy
C bought

B had bought
D could have bought

2. If we were to be 200 years old, we ___ everything. A will change
C could change

B can change
D changed

3 If you __ that film last night, you would not be so sleepy now.
A didn’t see C wouldn’t seen B haven’t seen D hadn’t seen

4 You are late. If you __ a little minutes earlier, you __ him. A came, would meet

B had come, would have met
C came, would have met D were to come, would meet

5 But for the storm, we __ a pleasant journey.

A should have
C would have

B have had
D should have had

6 ___ to do the work, I should do it some other day. A If were I
C Were I

B I were
D Was I

7 Without the computer, the problem __ in such a short time. A couldn’t be solved

B wouldn’t have solved
C couldn’t have been solved

8 Without electricity, human life __ quite different today.
A will be C would be B were to be D is

9. You are very selfish. It’s high time you _______ you are not the most important person in the world,” Edgar said to his boss angrily.
A have realized C realize B realized D should realize

10. I wish I ____ longer this morning, but I had to get up and come to class A could have slept C might have slept B slept D have slept

; http://www.omyom.com/ 男性保健 bgk940utb 孤独晓寂的脸一下子涨得越发的红了起来“哦、哦,我今天是要赶着去报到,所以有点着急!”未了又真诚的补上一句 “刚刚真是十分抱歉!”
司空阳宇笑得很和煦“没关系的,你不用一直道歉!” 孤独晓寂深深的吸了一口气,努力的抑制着已然狂奔不已的心跳,可惜她发现自己根本控制不了,她回头看了一眼还在 角落不曾离去的莫艳艳,莫艳艳对她比了个加油的手势,接着又比了个抹脖子的手势。孤独晓寂便索性不去管那依然超 出负荷的心跳,闭上眼睛再深深地吸了口气,加快脚步追上司空阳宇,在他的身边轻声的开口道“司空学长,我是孤独 晓寂,今天是去你所在的地方报到,以后就麻烦你多多指教!” 司空阳宇停下脚步打量着她看了看,念叨了句“孤独晓寂”若有所思的继续抬步说了句“这名字很好!”忽然觉得自己 这句话很是耳熟,貌似很久以前也说过一般。 孤独晓寂跟上他的步伐双手交叉在背后开口道“是呀,十年前,我刚到学校报到的时候,学长也是这样说的!”孤独晓 寂觉得自己的手心应该是在滴汗的! 司空阳宇好奇的看向她“这么说,我们还是学友咯!”说完便爽朗的笑了,他似乎想起了十年前有那么一个女孩子,也 是如她这般念出自己的名字“我叫孤独晓寂,请学长多多指教!” 莫艳艳看着那两个终是走近的身影,满意的咧嘴而笑,才发现自己似乎从来不曾这般笑过! 笑着笑着居然流下泪来,莫艳艳不由在心底骂了句脏话,伸手便将那些多余的眼泪弹去,她大概是被自己给感动了,也 对,她原本就不是一个好女人,难得会做出这样一件善事来,果然连自己都被感动了! 想了想,还是去喝酒吧,花天酒地、肆意人生才更符合她莫艳艳的人生,思及此,不由邪魅的弯起了唇角! 曾经的你许了未来一个远方,未来还你一个年少的梦——我私心里总以为生活原该如此! 莫艳艳和孤独晓寂是一对姐妹花,嗯,老实说,也算不上,毕竟这两个性格迥异的女子,在各方面的差异总是出神入化 的大!


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