2016北京市西城区高考英语完形填空、阅理选练及答案2

阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,从每题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项。 Three years ago, the president of Harvard, Lawrence H. Summers, got into trouble for questioning women’s“intrinsic (内在的)aptitude (能力)”for science and engineering. Recently, a study paid for by America’s National Science Foundation has found that girls perform as well as boys on standardized math tests. Although boys in high school performed better than girls in math 20 years ago, the researchers found that is no longer the case. The reason, they said, is simple: Girls used to take fewer advanced math courses than boys, but now they are taking just as many. “Now that enrollment in advanced math courses is equalized, we don’t see gender differences in test performance,” said Marcia C. Linn of the University of California, Berkeley, a co-author of the study. “But people are surprised by these findings, which suggests to me that the stereotypes are still there.” The researchers looked at the average test scores of all students, the performance of the most gifted children and the ability to solve complex math problems. They found, in every category, that girls did as well as boys. Janet Hyde, a professor at the University of Wisconsin, Madison, who led the study, said the stereotypes about girls and math, had taken a toll (造成伤害). “The stereotype that boys do better at math is still held widely by teachers and parents,” hyde said. “And teachers and parents guide girls, giving them advice about what courses to take, what careers to pursue. I still hear anecdotes about guidance counselors (顾问)steering (指导)girls away from engineering, telling them they won’t be able to do the math.” The study also analyzed the gender gap on the math section of the SAT. Since more girls than boys go to college, about 100, 000 more girls than boys take the test, including lower-achieving girls who bring down the girls’ average score. 1. What might be the reason to carry out the study? A. To put Harvard University to shame for its president’s prejudice against girls. B. To find out if there’s any gender gap in science. C. To help girls to earn equal social status as boys. D. To enroll more girls in advanced math courses in the university. 2. Which statement about people’s opinions of girls is NOT true? A. People still find it hard to believe average girls perform in math as well as boys. B. Highly educated people are more likely to accept the fact that girls can do well in math. C. Many teachers and parents advise girls to avo

相关文档

2016北京市西城区高考英语完形填空、阅理选练及答案7
2016北京市西城区高考英语完形填空、阅理选练及答案12
2016北京市西城区高考英语完形填空、阅理选练及答案6
2016北京市西城区高考英语完形填空、阅理选练及答案1
2016北京市西城区高考英语完形填空、阅理选练及答案10
2016北京市西城区高考英语完形填空、阅理选练及答案8
2016北京市西城区高考英语完形填空、阅理选练及答案11
2016北京市西城区高考英语完形填空、阅理选练及答案5
2016北京市西城区高考英语完形填空、阅理选练及答案4
2016北京丰台区高考英语完形填空和阅理阅理选练及答案13
电脑版