江苏省南京市六校联合体 2017-2018 学年高二英语下学期期末考试试
第一部分 听力 (共两节，满分 20 分)
第一节 (共 5 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 5 分)
听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳
选项，并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后，你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅
1. Who is the man looking for?
B. Dr. Maxwell.
C. Alison Simpson.
2. What will the woman probably do?
A. Call the airline soon.
B. Stay at home for a while.
C. Leave for the airport before lunch.
3. What does the man think of his current book?
A. It’s exciting.
B. It’s relaxing.
C. It’s long.
4. When does the man hope to see the woman?
A. This afternoon.
B. Tomorrow night.
C. Tomorrow afternoon.
5. What does the man mean?
A. He didn’t put in any sugar. B. He added some natural flavors.
C. He also thinks the coffee tastes strange.
第二节 (共 15 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 15 分)
听下面 5 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选
题，每小题 5 秒钟；听完后，各小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。
听第 6 段材料，回答第 6、7 题。
6. Why is the woman upset?
A. Her order isn’t ready yet.
B. The man forgot her order.
C. Some guests will be late.
7. At what time will the wedding start?
听第 7 段材料，回答第 8、9 题。
8. Who lived in Los Angeles?
A. The woman’s aunt and uncle.
B. The man’s grandparents.
C. The woman’s parents.
9. What will the speakers do next?
A. Have a walk.
B. Go hiking.
C. Try to catch some fish.
听第 8 段材料，回答第 10 至 12 题。
10. What did the man study in college?
A. Art history.
11. What is the relationship between the two speakers?
A. They’re neighbors.
B. They’re salesman and customer.
C. They’re teacher and student.
12. What is the man’s advice for the woman?
A. Doing what her father suggests.
B. Exploring all the possibilities.
C. Making a decision as early as possible.
听第 9 段材料，回答第 13 至 16 题。
13. How does the woman want to pay?
A. In cash.
B. By credit card.
C. With her smartphone.
14. What does the man think of PayPal?
A. It is free.
B. It is popular.
C. It isn’t very fast.
15. Where is Venmo accepted?
A. At many small shops. B. At most large stores. C. At a lot of restaurants.
16. What does the woman offer to do for the man?
A. Download the app.
B. Send him an invitation.
C. Lend him some money.
听第 10 段材料，回答第 17 至 20 题。
17. What is the weather probably like?
18. Where did Matt begin his journey?
A. In England.
B. In California.
C. In Hawaii.
19. How many hours was Matt’s longest flight?
A. Fourteen hours.
B. Sixteen hours.
C. Sixteen and a half hours.
20. What will Matt do next?
A. Interview someone.
B. Share his experiences.
C. Plan on another journey.
第二部分：英语知识运用（共两节，满分 35 分）
第一节 单项填空（共 15 题；每小题 1 分，满分 15 分）
请认真阅读下面各题，从题中所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出最佳选项，并在答题卡上
21. We saw lots of unique flowers at the garden that are said to have developed from
were once grown in the forest.
22. After his graduation, this project was exhibited in art galleries all over China,
_______ him famous nationwide.
C. to make
D. having made
23. You are waiting at a wrong place. I think it is at the hotel_______ the coach
picks up tourists.
C. in which
24. They have been married for nearly two years and they are ________ to have a baby.
However, their wish hasn’t come true.
C. contradictory D. rigid
25. “Tokyo seeking international support over the Diaoyu Islands will be ______,”
Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesman Lu Kang said on Tuesday.
A. in vain
B. in silence
C. in ruins
D. in chorus
26. Feng Chu, reported ________ the National Prize for Progress in Science and
Technology in 2017, is a post-90s PHD candidate.
B. to win
C. to have won D. having won
27. The school faced a scandal and student demonstrations after school officials were
caught misusing money _________ student aid earlier this year.
A. being meant for
B. intended for
C. had intended for
D. having been meant for
28. We want to _________ the kids _______ as much art and culture as possible.
A. lay; out
B. put; out
C. expose; to
D. commit; to
29. While ________ the National Congress of Communist Party, President Xi instructed
the party never to forget _______ we started and then we can accomplish our mission.
A. sponsoring; when
B. delivering; when
C. dismissing; where
D. addressing; where
30. --- When do you think I can access Blackberry App World on my computer?
--- Not until _________ your device password correctly.
A. you have entered
B. have you entered
C. will you enter
D. you will have entered
31. If it had not been for the fact that she _______ sing, I would have invited her
to take part in my party.
A. can’t have B. could not
C. couldn’t have D. shouldn’t have
32. Glad to see you back! How long ______ in Hong Kong for business? Have you got
the project want?
A. have you stayed
B. did you stay
C. had you stayed
D. were you staying
33. I don't think there will be more than 4 students left in the class, ________, because
the environment is not fit for studying.
A. if so
B. if possible
C. if ever
D. if any
34. ______, you need to be failing more if you are expected to succeed in the end.
A. Strange as it might seem
B. Strange as might it seem
C. As it might seem strange
D. As strange it might seem
35. ---You look frustrated. What is the matter?
---You know, I am thinking about dropping out chemistry. I have been working very
hard on it, but it’s still__________.
A. as clear as mud
B. as hard as nails
C. as cold as stone
D. as poor as a church mouse
第二节 完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 20 分） 请认真阅读下面短文，从短文后各题的 A、B、C 和 D 四个选项中，选出最佳选项，并在答题 卡上将该项涂黑。
There was my mother, standing in a fuzzy (毛绒绒的) pink bunny(兔子）costume. This can’t be , 36 I thought to myself. Being ten was 37 enough.
Our class was taking a trip to a convalescent home（疗养院) that day．I had 38 to stay at home pretending I' d caught some rare disease. My mother who's a(n) 39 , sent me to school anyway.
When we got there, I 40 wished for that 41 . I’d fall to the ground and
be 42 the humiliation (耻笑) of anyone ever knowing that I 43 every day after
school there, dressed as a bunny.
“Hi, Shelly!” The residents waved at me, “ Do you know them?” someone asked.
“No! They 44 me for someone else. I’m Machille,” I responded. I didn't look
up 45 I might make eye contact with them. Then, Mrs. Deist, our teacher, handed
us tulips (郁金香) to give to the residents. I quickly went to the back of the 46 .
My mother just went along her way--- hopping（单足跳跃）. Last year, we hopped together.
47 , “I'm too old for that now”, I thought.
I hid behind my class. “ Shelly, how about a game of Fish?” Lou asked. My class
and teacher 48 and stared. “ Machille, do you know these people?” Mrs.Deist
“Well you should 49 the way,” she said, smiling. So I stepped forward,
handed a tulip to Rose, waved to Frank and gave Mr. Blusso a high-five.
“My mother is in a convalescent home. I wish she could have someone like you
to 50 her.” Mrs Deist said. My mother hopped over then. “This is my mom. Every
day she looks after these special people who need nurses’ care.” I stood straight
as I 51 the information. My mother then explained a program where kids can 52
after school. The residents cheered at the 53 , and my class seemed excited, too.
I realized how 54 it made me to make other people smile and feel good. I should
never be 55 of that.
36. A. mixing
37. A. lovely
38. A. hesitated.
39. A. nurse
40. A. frequently
41. A. costume
42. A. fought
43. A. spent
44. A. prepared
45. A. as if
B. in case
C. so that
D. even if
46. A. line
47. A. Moreover
B. Otherwise C. However
48. A. clapped
49. A. mend
50. A. drop in on
B. meet up with C. stand up for D. put up with
51. A. obtained
52. A. challenge
53. A. success
54. A. delighted
第三部分：阅读理解（共 15 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 30 分）
请认真阅读下列短文，从短文后各题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出最佳选项，并在答
Automatic dishwashers have been around for more than 100 years. It started in
1886 with Josephine Cochrane, a woman in Shelbyville, Illinois. She was a rich woman
who could afford servants to wash her dishes, so she really didn't mind the work.
What she did mind was that her servants broke the dishes. She hosted quite a few dinner
parties, and after every party the servants broke more of her expensive dishes.
Finally, Cochrane took action. First, she measured her dishes and bent wire into
racks to hold them. Next, she put the racks on a wheel in a large copper boiler. Then,
the boiler sprayed hot, soapy water on the dishes as a motor turned the wheel. After
a hot water rinse(冲洗),the dishes were clean!
Josephine Cochrane's friends were impressed with the machine and asked her to
build more. After that, word got out fast. Soon hotel and restaurant owners who didn't
like broken dishes also were interested. Cochrane then knew that she had a wonderful
machine, so she received a patent from the government, which said that only the
inventor can make money from an invention. Then in 1893 Chicago held a World Fair
where inventions from all over the world were shown. Cochrane's labor-saving machine
was a big hit. Her dishwasher won the highest award.
Cochrane's company came out with a smaller machine in 1914. It was supposed to
be for the ordinary home, but it wasn't an immediate success. Many homes couldn't
produce the extremely hot water it needed. Also, in most homes, dishwashing wasn't
considered very difficult compared to most other housework. In fact some people liked
to relax at the sink after a hard day! Sales of the home model finally picked up in
the 1950s when people had more money and wanted to have more time to enjoy themselves.
Now many homes have electric dishwasher that aren't very different from the one
Josephine Cochrane invented more than 100 years ago.
56. What does the underlined words “After that, word got out fast.” in Paragraph
A. The machine wasn't as efficient as described.
B. The invention drew immediate attention of the public.
C. Josephine Cochrane could no longer keep it a secret.
D. Josephine's friends soon began to talk about the new machine.
57. The smaller machine became popular only when______.
A. people had more relaxing jobs
B. hot water was not needed
C. people's living conditions improved
D. housework became easier
58. Compared with Cochrane’s invention, modern electric dishwashers_______.
A. cost less money
B. are quite different
C. wash many other things
D. are much the same
B As a teenage rock fan, all Dennis Vorreyer really expected of the Lollapalooza music festival in Chicago two weekends ago was the chance to see his favorite bands perform live.
But he and his father, Jeffrey, who accompanied him to the festival, signed up
for Lollapalooza's text-message network, and thus learned about a guitar-playing
contest taking place there. Dennis, 14, entered and won a new Gibson guitar. Tad Kubler,
the lead guitarist for the Hold Steady, who was involved in the contest, then invited
Dennis to perform with the band as it closed its set.
“Having your cell phone everywhere is important for everybody now,” Dennis said.
“I never dreamed of playing Lollapalooza.” The modern mobile phone --- equipped
with camera, Internet access and more--- has proved to be a liability for some
performers, like Akon and Beyonce, whose regrettable moments were captured by fans
and then immortalized on YouTube and similar sites. But for the fans themselves,
mobile phones are becoming as important an accessory as an all-access wristband.
Beyond using them to record a short souvenir, they are becoming a ticket to everything
from free ringtones to VIP treatment.
On Gwen Stefani's recent tour, as many as 20 percent of the audience at some shows
agreed to pay 99 cents for text messages and the chance to win better seats, according
to the mobile marketing company Impact Mobile. At festivals like Lollapalooza,
thousands of fans sign up to receive continuous updates from concert organizers about
promotions and special events.
Even when there is no fee, the service comes at a price: fans must give their phone
numbers to marketers. And purists --- and some artists --- disapprove of fans pecking
out text messages or snapping pictures during performances. Still, the arrival of
a new generation of phone-based activities could add a new twist to live events at
a time when rising ticket prices have discouraged many concertgoers.
59. What did Dennis originally intend to do at the Lollapalooza music festival?
A. He wanted to keep company his father Jeffrey.
B. He expected to join in the performance with a famous band in the festival.
C. he wanted to see the live performance from his best loved bands.
D. He wanted to attend a guitar-playing contest held in the festival.
60.The underlined word liability in paragraph 3 here means___________.
61.Why did some audience agree to pay money for the text message ?
A. Because they wanted to get better tickets for the concert.
B. Because they wanted to get the free tickets for the concert.
C. Because Gwen Stefani asked them to do so.
D. Because they wanted to have a good holiday
62. The author seems to believe that ____________
A. Dennis Vorreyer was fortunate to perform with the guitar band.
B. phone-based activities will become a turning point for the live events.
C. today cell phone is important and indispensable for everybody.
D. fans shouldn’t peck out text message or snap pictures during performances.
C Cure for tiredness? Staying up late is a potential battle between parents and kids. But the solution
could be as simple as changing your meal time. Researchers at the University of Surry, UK, found that delaying meals could help
change one of the internal body clocks. Besides a “master” clock in the brain, there are clocks in other parts of the body. They are usually synchronized according to factors including light.
During the study, researchers tested 10 participants to examine the effect of changing meal times on their body clocks. The participants were given three meals ---breakfast, lunch and dinner. In the first stage, participants received breakfast 30 minutes after waking. Lunch and dinner followed, after 5-hour intervals. In the second stage, each meal was delayed by 5 hours. Right after each stage, blood and fat samples were collected.
Results showed that later meal times greatly influenced blood sugar levels. A 5-hour delay in meal times caused a 5-hour delay in the internal blood sugar rhythms.
The discovery showed that meal times are in line with the body clock that controls blood sugar levels.
This is a small study but the researchers believe the findings could help jet lag sufferers and night-shift workers.
In a study by the University of Surrey in 2013, researchers explored what happened when a person’s body was changed from a normal pattern to that of a night-shift worker’s.
After people work through the night, over 97 percent of the body’s rhythmic genes are disrupted（扰乱，使混乱）.
These findings explain why we feel so bad following a long flight, or after working at night, according to Simon Archer, one of the study’s researchers.
“It’s like living in a house. There’s a clock in every room in the house and in all of those rooms those clocks are now disrupted, which of course leads to chaos in the household,” fellow researcher DerkJan Dijk told the BBC.
Changing meal times didn’t affect the “master” body clock --- the one controlling when we get sleepy --- but it can reset the body clock that controls blood sugar levels. This wouldn’t necessarily cure jet lag completely, but it might reduce the negative effects.
A study published earlier this year suggested that just a weekend camping trip could be enough to reset our body clocks. And now this latest research shows regular food schedules could play a key part too. 63. What did researchers at the University of Surrey find from their new study?
A. Connections between the “master” clock and clocks in other parts of the body. B. Blood sugar levels are affected by when we eat rather than by our internal clocks. C. A delay in meal times causes an irregular change in blood sugar rhythms. D. Changing meal times can be enough to reset one of our body clocks. 64. Which of the following statements is TRUE about the new study, according to the
article? A. The interval between each meal being given was different. B. Blood and fat samples of the two groups of participants were collected. C. Each meal was served five hours later during the second stage.
D. Participants were asked to report their feelings after each stage. 65. What can we learn from the study by researchers at the University of Surrey from
2013? A. All our body’s genes would be disrupted if we worked through the night. B. Our genes often become less active after a long flight or night of work. C. The disruption of one gene could lead to the disruption of other genes. D. A disruption to the body’s rhythmic genes can cause people to feel bad. 66. According to the article, ______. A. it’s impossible to reduce the negative effects caused by jet lag or night work B. there is more than one way to reset body clocks C. the “master” body clock controls all the other body clocks D. a change in meal times can reset the “master” body clock
D It was already midnight and I was walking quickly out of Recovery Room, knowing I had to be back early next morning. Though in a hurry, I noticed a lone woman with an anxious look on her face. As it turned out, her daughter-in-law had just been transferred to Intensive Care, so I decided to take her up there. Down the hall, she stated, “I bet you’re trying to leave, aren’t you?” I confirmed her observation, adding that it was quite all right. We soon arrived, and upon talking with the patient’s nurse, I was able to let her in right away. She turned to me and said, “Thank you, you will be blessed.” The next day, on my way home after my day shift, I noticed a voice mail from my sister in Rochester, which gave me an uneasy feeling. I had to pull off the road as I listened to her message; “Mom had a stroke; she’s in the hospital and the Neurologist said it doesn’t look good.” My mind darted back to the words I had heard the night before as I cried out with anger; “This is a blessing?” The following day I flew up to Rochester. My brother picked me up from the airport and we soon arrived at the hospital. I walked into my mom’s room and she looked as if I had never seen her before. Her usual bright smile was replaced with a look of emptiness. All at once the cruel reality of the signs and symptoms of a fresh stroke were there, but I wasn’t the instructor, I was just a family member. My mom seemed to recognize me, and I fought back tears as I told her how much I loved her. Over the next five days, my mom made unexpected progress, as she began to speak a few words, slowly and almost painfully. With each milestone, it seemed the nurses and aides were almost as excited as we were. Everyone, without exception, treated my mom with kindness and compassion. I think the event that will stay in my memory forever occurred on my mom’s fourth day. It was time to repeat the swallowing study to assess if my mom could start eating. All four of us siblings hung together in the waiting room, nervous, our eyes shifting constantly to the door of 2607, anticipating and desperately hoping for good news. As her door opened, the therapist came out with a smile; we instantly knew she had good news, and we collectively breathed a sigh of relief. Five days after her stroke, my mom was ready for transfer to a rehabilitation facility, and I was headed back down South. With a very heavy heart, I said goodbye
to my mom and the staff from the Stroke Unit.
On the way back home, I had plenty of time to think about my own experiences as
a Recovery Room nurse. I could envision（想象）the smiles on so many of the faces
of our patients as they leave our unit. I was also reminded of the fact that we as
health care givers have a certain power: we can add to the stress of a patient’s
hospital experience, or we can be the one ray of sunshine that leaves a smile on their
Truly, there will always be the pain of knowing that my mom had a stroke, but
my memories will always be tempered by the thoughtful care she received in the Stroke
Unit. I have since reflected on the words of gratitude spoken to me a week earlier
by the visitor I took to the ICU. Yes, I was blessed; it was the kind of blessing
that will warm my heart forever.
67. What actually made the author uneasy?
A. That she sensed something wrong with her mom.
B. That she didn’t believe the blessing she had heard.
C. That she had to listen to a voice mail form her sister.
D. That she must fly up to Rochester the next day.
68. By “I wasn’t the instructor, I was just a family member”, the author was trying
to show ____.
A. sympathy B. anger
69. What can we infer from Paragraph 4?
A. Stroke recovery usually takes five days.
B. Her mother’s case was beyond expectation.
C. The author has been mentally prepared.
D. Empathy (共鸣) with patients makes a difference.
70. According to the passage, the author ____________.
A. doesn’t think a blessing was useful in real life as it didn’t protect her mother
from a stroke.
B. believes she did get the blessing from the visitor.
C. believes everyone should work hard to get blessings from others.
D. thinks health care givers should give their patients blessing so as to make them
第四部分 任务型阅读（共 10 小题,每小题 1 分，满分 10 分） 请认真阅读下面短文，并根据所读内容在文章后表格中的空格里填入一个最恰当的单词。
Digitalization could Pay Off in Health and Sustainability With technology permeating (渗透) everything we do, it has led to a significant transformation in the workplace --- specifically, how, where, who is working and what work employees do. The speed of change across industries has also caused greater uncertainty as many businesses rethink the way they manage their talent and real estate. For one, automation and artificial intelligence will change many job functions---particularly jobs and tasks that are manual or process driven. Research has found that the future workforce will be divided into three parts；core employees，
freelancers（自由职业者）and consultants．Core employees will be concentrated in smaller and fewer locations, ideally in central business districts with transportation and amenities(便利设施) concentrated nearby ---reducing their energy and resource usage. This smaller core workforce could mean smaller office footprints requiring less energy from power and less waste produced. In parallel, the appearance of the “liquid workforce”--- freelancers, consultants and more --- means potentially less commuting(通勤) and perhaps a cleaner way of working. The need for flexibility to accommodate the uncertain operating environment and more project-based work could require possibly less material and waste in the building process.
We’ve seen how many forward-thinking organizations have already adopted more efficient real estate management in the form of smart buildings and smart offices. This is essentially powered by the Internet of Things(物联网) to drive efficiency and real-time optimization (最优化）of building operations such as automatic monitoring and optimization of air conditioning --- of particular interest in Asia, where indoor as well as outdoor air quality is a long-time issue.
Some features of smart buildings and workplaces also announce a shift to a less paper-based workplace. Companies are also accepting a whole view of sustainability. They ’re thinking about more than cost-savings or making the most of space. They are considering creating a healthy, fulfilling, and productive environment for employees.
We now speak about healthy buildings instead of simply sustainable ones. In fact, the World Green Building Council now promotes the concept of healthy green buildings---buildings that are not only environmentally sensitive but also provide for the well-being of staff. For instance, buildings with more access to nature and greenery make a significant difference to workers. A survey done last year found that over 90% of those surveyed felt more productive and creative with access to fresh air, indoor light, healthy food, fitness centers and even mental health services.
Overall, the drive towards a digitized workplace and improved employee experience could just lead us to a healthier, happier life and a more sustainable future.
Digitalization could Pay Off in Health and Sustainability As digitalization influences the workplace and employees in many ways, business owners have to (71)____ on their way of managing.
Effects of digitaliza tion on the (72)____
Due to automation and artificial intelligence, future employees will be classified into three categories: core employees, freelancers and consultants. ●Core employees will be concentrated in central business districts (73)____ by various amenities, which help to avoid a(n) (74)____ of their energy and resources. ●Freelancers and consultants have no need to (75)____ regularly from one place to another, which will leave (76) ____ carbon footprints.
Effects of digitaliza tion on the workplaces
●Smart buildings and smart offices powered by the Internet of Things have been adopted by many forward-thinking organizations. ●Companies are thinking about reducing their reliance on (77)___ and building a healthy workplace, which is beneficial to staffs’ work in the long term. ●Green buildings are not only (78)____ to the environment but also do good to employees’ health. According to research, being (79)____ to nature and greenery can improve ones’ work efficiency and (80)____.
第五部分 单词拼写（共 10 小题；每小题 0.5 分，满分 5 分） 81. He has _________(选派角色) her as an ambitious lawyer in his latest movie. 82.These new ways of digging a_________ the pace of the London Underground’s
development. 83. I have been s________ to this magazine for years and I like reading it every
morning. 84. Under normal c____________, nobody would sign such an unfair agreement. 85. This thief was c___________ to a year of hard labor. 86. There are stories about his __________（慷慨）and the massive amounts of money
he gave to charities. 87. This training will help you gain c_________ in a wide range of skills. 88. By popular ____________（共识）, this is the most valuable painting in the world---
it is impossible to calculate what price it would fetch if it ever came on the market. 89. The boy show great ___________（辨别力）in his choice of friends. 90. She is still f___________（经济上地）dependent on his parents.
第六部分 书面表达 (满分 20 分) 请仔细阅读以下材料，并按照要求用英语写一篇 150 词左右的文章。
Scientists have observed that humans experience happiness from a wide range of stimuli(刺激), from traveling to an ideal destination to redecorating one’s home or from winning a game of soccer to eating a delicious meal. Simply watching a favorite television show or laughing at a funny joke can lift a depressed mood. While the happiness produced by such experiences tends to be short lived, a wide social network does promote a more long-lasting state of happiness as a lifestyle.
Surprisingly, income is not a primary factor in determining a person’s level of happiness once the basic needs of food, clothing, and shelter have been met. More important is one’s social network. Being socially active may be more effective in increasing one’s immunity（免疫力）to illness than a vaccine. Misery may love company, but so does happiness, and having close friends and family is vital to one’s overall level of happiness. Even sharing one’s home with an animal companion can make a person happier. 【写作内容】 1. 用约 30 个单词概括以上材料的主要内容； 2. 用约 120 个词就“幸福”这一话题谈谈你的理解，内容包括：
（1）幸福对你来说意味着什么？ （2）描写一次给你带来幸福感的经历。 （3）面对学习压力，如何提升自己的幸福感？（至少两点） 【写作要求】 1. 作文中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称； 2. 不必写标题; 【评分标准】 内容完整，语言规范，语篇连贯，词数适当。
听力 1-20 CBABA ACABC ABCCA BCBCB
单项选择 21-25 CABBA 26-30 CBCDA 31-35 BBDAA
完型填空 36-40 DBCAC 41-45 DBADB 46-50 ACBDA 51-55 DBDAD
阅读 A: BCD
C: DCDB D: ACDB
任务型阅读: 71. reflect 72. workforce 73. surrounded 74. waste 75. travel/ commute 76. fewer 77. paper 78. sensitive/friendly/beneficial 79. exposed 80. creativity/creativeness
单词拼写:81.cast 82.accelerate 83.subscribing 84. circumstances 85. condemned 86. generosity 87.competence 88. consensus 89.discrimination 90. financially
书面表达 Scientists have found that although various factors contribute to humans’
happiness, it is one’s social network, rather than one’s income, that plays an important role in promoting the long-lasting state of happiness.
Personally, happiness means achieving success after constant efforts. Take my participation in an English speech competition for example. Initially, I was lacking in confidence in my oral English. However, I held the belief that practice makes perfect. So, I kept practicing speaking English as long as two hours every day and
consulted my English teacher about my pronunciation. Finally, my efforts paid off. When I was awarded the first prize, I felt a strong sense of happiness.
Faced with huge pressure from our study, we should do something to promote our sense of happiness. First, we should set a clear goal and keep it in mind. In addition, we can build friendships with optimistic people and move forward with their support.
书面表达评分说明 本题总分为 20 分，评分时，首先根据文章的内容和语言（内容要点、应用词汇和语法结
构的数量和准确性、上下文的连贯性及语言的得体性）初步确定其所属档次，然后以该档次 的要求来衡量，确定最后给分。如果没有一定数量的较复杂结构或较高级词汇，通篇文章句 型单调、无关联词、文章欠流畅、时态错误太多，降档处理。 （一）语言方面： 1、词数少于 130 或多于 170 的，从总分中减去 2 分。
2、语言形式错误分为大错和小错。句子结构、时态、语态、主谓一致、句子缺谓语动词 等为大错。小错：介词、冠词、单词拼写、大小写、标点符号等为小错。1 个大错扣 1 分，1 个小错 0.5 分。
3、如层次不清楚，写作没分段，从总分中减去 2 分。 4.、如果没有使用较复杂的句子结构，评分时将分数降低 1 个档次。 5.、如书写较差，以至影响交际，将分数降低一个档次。投机：开头一段和最后一段切 题，中间部分从阅读理解中抄一段判零分。 （二）内容要点： ★文章应分为四大部分，具体赋分如下： 1）概括文本内容： 5 分；内容应包括：①幸福感来源的多样性，2 分 ②social network 是 导致幸福感的重要来源，3 分。 2）幸福的涵义： 3 分。 3) 带来幸福感的经历：7 分 4）提升幸福感的措施：5 分（主题句 1 分，每个方法各 2 分）。 （三）卷面：
1、三处乱涂扣 1 分，五处乱涂扣 2 分，五处以上扣 3 分（乱涂的鉴定：如在写错的单 词上划上 1-2 道线的不算乱涂，三道线以上以及不规则的乱划算乱涂）。
2、不按要求将内容写在规定范围以外的，扣 1 分。 3、书写较差，以至影响交际，将分数降低 1 个档次。
附录：各档次的给分范围和要求 第五档 (很好)：(20—16 分) 1．完全完成了试题规定的任务。2．覆盖所有内容要点。3．应用了较多的语法结构和词汇。 4．语法结构或词汇方面有些许错误，但为尽力使用较复杂结构或较高级词汇所致；具备较强 的语言运用能力。5．有效地使用了语句间的连接成分，使全文结构紧凑。6．完全达到了预
期的写作目的。 第四档 (好)：(15—13 分) 1．完全完成了试题规定的任务。2．虽漏掉 1、2 个次重点，但覆盖所有主要内容。3．应用 的语法结构和词汇能满足任务的要求。4．语法结构或词汇方面应用基本准确，些许错误主要 是因尝试较复杂语法结构或词汇所致。5．应用简单的语句间的连接成分，使全文结构紧凑。 6．达到了预期的写作目的。 第三档 (适当)：(12—9 分) 1．基本完成了试题规定的任务。2．虽漏掉一些内容，但覆盖所有主要内容。3．应用的语法 结构和词汇能满足任务的要求。4．有一些语法结构或词汇方面的错误，但不影响理解。5．应 用简单的语句间的连接成分，使全文内容连贯。6．整体而言，基本达到了预期的写作目的。 第二档 (较差)：(5—8 分) 1．未恰当完成试题规定的任务。2．漏掉或未描述清楚一些主要内容，写了一些无关内容。3．语 法结构单调、词汇项目有限。4．有一些语法结构或词汇方面的错误，影响了对写作内容的理 解。5．较少使用语句间的连接成分，内容缺少连贯性。6．信息未能清楚地传达给读者。 第一档 (差)：(1—4 分) 1．未完成试题规定的任务。2．明显遗漏主要内容，写了一些无关内容，原因可能是未理解 试题要求。3．语法结构单调、词汇项目有限。4．较多语法结构或词汇方面的错误，影响对 写作内容的理解。5．缺乏语句间的连接成分，内容不连贯。6．信息未能传达给读者。 不得分：（0 分） 未能传达给读者任何信息：内容太少，无法评判；写的内容均与所要求内容无关或所写内容 无法看清。 Text 1 W: Hello, this is Dr. Maxwell’s office. My name is Tami. How may I direct your call? M: I’d like to speak with Alison Simpson, please. (1) She’s a nurse there, but I believe she’s on her break now. It’s about our son Jimmy. Text 2 M: What time is your flight today? W: Well, it was supposed to leave at 2:15 p.m., but the airline just called and told me it was delayed until 7:15 p.m. At least this way, I can take my time and have lunch at home. (2) Text 3 W: You like reading a lot, don’t you? M: Yeah, I find it very relaxing. The one I’m reading now is really exciting. (3) W: It’s that good, huh? M: Oh, yeah. Ever since I started reading it, I haven’t been able to put it down. Text 4 W: I’m sorry to call so early, but I wanted to let you know I’ve come down with something and won’t be able to come into work today. I should be fine by tomorrow afternoon. M: No problem. We’re having an office party tomorrow night, so I hope you’re well enough to come! (4) Text 5 W: Bradley, this coffee tastes a little strange. What did you put in it? M: It’s actually what I didn’t put in it, Rachel! We consume away too much sweet
stuff these days. (5) It’s time for us to get back to natural flavors, don’t you think? Text 6 W: I’m here to pick up the flowers for Anna. M: I’m sorry, but those won’t be ready for another two hours. (6) W: She’s getting married in two hours! I need time to bring them back so that I can set them up before the guests come. (6) (7) M: We haven’t even started putting them together yet. We told you on the phone they’d be ready by noon. It’s only 10:00. (7) W: Is there another flower company that can deliver them in the next thirty minutes? M: I doubt it. Flower companies don’t normally do rush orders. Text 7 W: It’s nice and quiet out here in the countryside. M: My grandpa used to take me fishing here when I was five. W: My parents never took me anywhere when I was little. I guess we went to Los Angeles to visit my aunt and uncle a few times when I was in sixth and seventh grade. (8) But other than that, we just stayed at home. M: It’s important to slow down and breathe some fresh air once in a while. W: Absolutely. So, what’s the plan for the rest of the day? M: I figured we could go hiking and then have a picnic on the top of the hill. (9) W: Awesome! (9) Text 8 M: So, what do you want to study when you go to college, Megan? W: I’m not sure, Mr. Sanders. My dad would be excited if I studied medicine, but that sounds too difficult. I’ve always been interested in art, but I’m not sure if I want to be a professional artist. M: Well, you could study art history. That was my wife’s major, you know. W: Really? What did you major in? M: Oh, I always wanted to be a businessman, so that’s what I did in college. (10) It’s not for everyone, but I liked it. I wish I had taken some other classes, though. If you have a chance to learn about a bunch of different things and then make a decision, I think that would be your best bet. (12) W: That’s good advice, Mr. Sanders. Thanks! M: My pleasure. If you want to talk more, come next door anytime you want. (11) W: I sure will. Thank you! Text 9 M: OK, your bill comes to thirty-six dollars. W: Well, I never carry cash on me any more. Can I just Venmo it to you?(13) M: What does that mean? W: Venmo is an app that you download for your smartphone. (13) It connects to your bank or a credit card, and you can transfer money to other people in about ten seconds. M: What? That’s fast! I’ve used PayPal before, but it sometimes takes several minutes for the transfer to be completed. (14) Plus, they charge you a fee for sending the money.
小学+初中+高中 W: Venmo is free if you use a checking account. But if you use a credit card, I think they charge you a small fee. M: That’s cool. I never use my credit card, anyway. So, what can I do with the money once it’s there? Can I use Venmo at stores? W: You still can’t use it at most restaurants and big chain stores, but a lot of smaller shops accept it. (15) It’s getting more popular all the time. M: All right, how can I sign up for Venmo? W: Download the app from the App Store, and I’ll email you an invitation to join. (16) Text 10 Good morning! I’m Samuel Davis, and this is the ten o’clock news report. I hope everyone is having a fine Monday morning. It’s getting pretty wet out there, so grab an umbrella and stay dry! (17) I’m here today with Matt Miller, who has completed his 29,000-mile journey in just six weeks, with a total of 180 hours in flight. Beginning in California, he made twenty-five stops in fourteen different countries including England, Italy, Greece, Egypt, and Thailand. (18) His final trip was a sixteen-hour flight from Hawaii back to California, just half an hour less than his longest flight from Samoa to Hawaii. (19) Born in South Dakota, Matt is a freshman at Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and has said that as a child he was scared of flying. All of that changed when he received his pilot license at just seventeen. After that, he only spent a few years planning everything out before beginning his journey around the world. Matt is here with us today for an interview. Welcome Matt! First, why don’t you tell all our listeners about the craziest thing you saw during your adventure? (20)