山东省实验中学2015届高三上学期第二次诊断性考试英语试题


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山东省实验中学 2012 级高三第二次诊断性测试 英 语 试 题
2014.11 说明:本试卷分第 I 卷(选择题) 、第 II 卷(非选择题)和答题纸三部分。第 I 卷 1 至 11 页。第 II 卷 11 至 12 页。试题答案请用 2B 铅笔或 0.5mm 签字笔填涂到答题卡规定位置上,书写在试题上的答案无效。满分 150 分,考试时间 120 分钟。

第 I 卷 (选择题 100 分)
第一部分 听力(共两节,满分 30 分) 第一节(共 5 个小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 7.5 分) 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一道小题,从每题所给的 A B C 三个选项中选出最 卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小 一遍。 1.What will Dorothy do on the weekend? A.Go out with her friend. B.Work on her paper. C.Make some plans. 佳选项,并标在试

题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读

2.What was the normal price of the T-shirt? A.$15 B.$30 C.$50

3.What has the woman decided to do on Sunday afternoon? A.To attend a wedding. B.To visit an exhibition. C.To meet a friend. 4.When does the bank close on Saturday? A.At 1:00 pm. B.At 3:00pm. C.At 4:00pm.

5.Where are the speakers? A.In a store. B.In a classroom C.At a hotel.

第二节(共 15 小题:每小题 1.5 分,满分 22.5 分) 听下面 5 段对话或对白,每段对话或对白后有几个小题,从题中所给的 A、B、C 三 佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置,听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅 后,各小题给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白 听第 6 段材料,回答第 6、7 题。 6.What do we know about Nora? A.She prefers a room of her own. B.She likes to work with other girls. C.She lives near the city center. 7.What is good about the flat? A.It has a large sitting room. B.It has good furniture.
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个选项中选出最

读各个小题。每小题 5 秒钟;听完

读两遍。

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C.It has a big kitchen. 听第 7 段材料,回答第 8、9 题 8.Where has Barbara been? A.Milan. B.Florence. C.Rome.

9.What has Barbara got in her suitcase? A.Shoes. B.Stones. C.Books.

听第 8 段材料,回答第 10 至 12 题。 10.Who is making the telephone call? A.Thomas Brothers. B.Mike Landon. C.Jack Cooper.

11.What relations the woman to Mr.Cooper? A.His wife. B.His boss. C.His secretary.

12.What is the message about? A.A meeting. B.A visit to France. C.The date for a trip.

听第 9 段材料,回答第 13 至 16 题。 13.What could the man speaker most probably be? A.A person who saw the accident. B.The driver of the lorry. C.A police officer. 14.What was Mrs.Franks doing when the accident took place? A.Walking along ChurchillAvenur. B.Getting ready to cross the road. C.Standing outside a bank. 15.When did the accident happen? A.At about 8:00 am. B.At about 9:00 am. C.At about 10:00 am. 16.How did the accident happen? A.A lorry hit a car. B.A car ran into a lorry. C.A bank clerk rushed into the street. 听第 10 段材料,回答第 17 至 20 题。 17.What is the talk mainly about? A.The history of the schoo1. B.The courses for the term. C.The plan for the day. 18.Where can the visitors learn about the subjects for new student? A.In the school hall. B.In the science labs.
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C.In the classrooms. 19.What can students do in the practical areas? A.Take science courses. B.Enjoy excellent meals. C.Attend workshops. 20.When are the visitors expected to ask questions? A.During the lunch hour. B.After the welcome speech. C.Before the tour of the labs. 第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分 40 分) 第一节(共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项。并在答题卡上将该选项涂黑. A Scientists have claimed a milestone in the drive for new energy—development of the leaf, an advanced solar cell that imitates the process,called make sunlight and water into energy. “A practical artificial leaf has been a dream of scientists for decades, ” said Daniel Nocera, who led the research team. “We believe we have made it. The artificial leaf shows particular promise as an inexpensive source of electricity for homes of the poor in developing countries. One can imagine villages in India and Africa soon purchasing an affordable basic power system based on this technology. ” The leaf is like the shape of a poker card but thinner.Placed in water in a bright sunlight, enough electricity to supply a house in a developing country with electricity hydrogen and oxygen, which are stored in a fuel cell to produce electricity. it could produce first practical artificial

photosynthesis(光合作用),that green plants use to

for a day by splitting water into

The“artificial leaf”is not a new concept.The first artificial leaf was developed more than a decade ago by John Ttlrner.However, it was impractical for wider use,as it was composed of unstable with a lifespan of barely one day. Nocera’ s new leaf overcomes these problems. It is made of inexpensive materials that are works under simple conditions and is highly stable.Laboratory studies for at least 45 hours without a drop in activity. The key to this breakthrough is Nocera’s recent discovery of several new powerful, which are able to accelerate the chemical reaction under simple times more efficient at carrying out efficiency of the inexpensive catalysts, widely available, rare,expensive metals and was highly

showed that it could operate continuously

conditions.Right now, Nocera’s leaf is about 10

photosynthesis than a natural leaf.Yet he is optimistic that he can boost the

device much higher in the future.

21.Daniel Nocera describes his artificial leaf as promising in_________________. A.making an artificial plant that can feed itself. B.finding a new kind of catalyst to produce electricity. C.changing the sunlight and water into electricity directly D.providing electricity for the poor family at a low cost
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22.According to the passage, catalysts in the artificial leaf________. A.speed up the process of chemical reactions B.reduce the loss of energy during its operation C.work as a media to store collected energy D.slow down the course of chemical reactions 23.The underlined word“it”in the fourth paragraph refers to______. A.photosynthesis B.catalyst used by the solar cell

C.Turner’s artificial leaf D.Nocera’s new leaf 24.The passage is most probably from_________. A.a science fiction story B.a fairy tale book

C.an advertisement for solar products D.a science news report B When learning a second language,it is important to study the culture of the language you’re learning.Anyone can learn another language’s grammar from a textbook,but what good is this learning if you don’t understand the culture of the person you’re speaking to? Only in learning another language and its culture will you be able to proficiently communicate with a by studying the music. Many schools in the United States emphasize the importance of culture understanding in classes.Instead of memorizing only vocabulary words and grammar patterns,classes universities are teaching literature, pop songs, and films in their learn a great deal about the culture of a characteristics about the language person in that language.There are many ways to enhance your language studies

country’s culture;this can include reading literature,watching movies,or listening to popular

from elementary schools to

classes. From these various mediums students can

language they study.These different forms of media can teach various

language,culture,and history of a society. culture.For example,

Literature can allow you to understand the history and current debates confronting a if you read John Steinbeck’ s GraPes of Wrath you can understand the farmers in the Great Depression. In watching films phrases one definitely won’t culture is;what

history and problems of ordinary American

one can learn about what is popular in a society, and also slang

find in a textbook.In pop songs one can understand what the current craze in a

kind of music people like to listen to,what that culture finds romantic,and even what the

contemporary“cool”viewpoint in that society is. If you truly are interested in learning a language,don’t underestimate the importance of language’ s home culture. Of course one must learn a language’ s grammar you so far in actually being able to communicate also study the culture. 25.The best title for this passage would be________. A.Important Factors in Learning a Second Language B.The Importance of Culture in Learning a Language C.Effectively Communicating in a Second Language D.Why You Should Watch Films and Listen to Music When Learning a Foreign Language
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learning about the

and vocabulary, but this will only get

effectively.So if you are learning a language,take the time to

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26.In the above passage literature is described as an important way to learn _____about a A.history B.political issues C.social issues D.all of the above

culture.

27.Which of the following opinions was NOT expressed in the passage above? A.Language learning needs to be supplemented by cultural learning. B. Cultural learning can give key insights into a society’s history, language,and current trends. C.A majority of time should be given to cultural learning while learning a second D.The key to effective communication is language and cultural proficiency. C As you grow older, you’ll be faced with some challenging decisions—like should you play soccer or field hockey,or like whether to cut class or try cigarettes.Making decisions on your own is hard enough,but when other people get involved and try to press you one way or another it can be even harder. People who are your age, like your classmates,are called peers.When they try to influence how you act,or get you to do something, it's called peer pressure.It’s something everyone has to deal with—even adults. Let’s talk about how to handle it. Peers can have a positive influence on each other.Maybe another student in your science class taught you an easy way to remember the planets in the solar system.You might admire a friend who is always a good sport and try to be more like him or her. Maybe you got others excited about your new favorite book, and now everyone’ s reading it.These are examples of how peers positively influence each other every day. Sometimes peers influence each other in negative ways. For example, a few kids in school might try to get you to cut class with them,your soccer friend might try to convince you to be mean to another player and never pass him the ball,or a kid in the neighborhood might want you to shop lift with him. It is tough to be the only one who says“no”to peer pressure,but you can do it.Paying attention to your own feelings and beliefs about what is fight and wrong can help you know the right thing to do.Inner strength and self-confidence can help you stand firm,walk away, and resist doing something. You’ve probably had a parent or a teacher advising you to“choose your friends wisely” .Peer pressure is a big reason why they say this.If you choose friends who don’t use drugs, cut class,smoke cigarettes,or lie to their parents,then you probably won’t do these things either, even if other kids do. If you continue to face peer pressure and you’re finding it difficult to handle,talk to someone you trust.Don’ t feel guilty if you’ve made a mistake or two.Talking to a parent,a teacher,or a school counselor can help you feel much better and prepare you for the next time you face peer pressure. 28.For whom is the passage most probably written? A.Students B.Parents C.Teachers D.Counselors language.

29.Both Paragraph 2 and 3 are developed________________. A.by space B.by time C.by stories D.by examples

30.In the last three paragraphs,the author mainly____. A.explains why peer pressure is so important B.gives advice on how to deal with peer pressure C.discusses how peers influence us D.show how to make more good friends
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31.Which of the following may help handle peer pressure? A.Spending more time with your classmates. B.Taking up more relaxing hobbies. C.Choosing friends with no bad habits. D.Doing what your classmates do.

D Look at the keyboard of any standard typewriter or computer.“Q, ” ”W, ” ”E, ” ”R” ”T”and“Y”are the first six letters.Who decided on this arrangement of the letters? And why? People tried for centuries to invent the typewriter.In 1714 in England,Henry Mill filed a machine called An Artificial Machine Or Method for the Impressing or Progressively one after another, as in Writing,whereby all Parchment so Neat and Exact as not to be one could remember its name! Latham Sholes.His patent for a

Transcribing of Letters,Singly or

Writing whatsoever may be Engrossed in Paper or

distinguished from Print. That machine probably didn’ t sell because no

The first practical typewriter was patented in the United States in 1868 by Christopher machine was known as the type-writer. It had a movable carriage, a lever a keyboard on which the letters were arranged in alphabetical order.

for turning paper from line to line, and

But Sholes had a problem. On his first model, his” ABC” key arrangement caused the keys

to jam when the

typist worked quickly. Sholes didn’ t know how to keep the keys from sticking, so his solution was to keep the typist from typing too fast. Sholes asked his brother-in-1aw to rearrange the keyboard so that the commonest letters were not so close together and the type bars would come from opposite directions.Thus they would not clash together and jam the machine. The new arrangement was the QWERTY arrangement typists use today. Of course, Sholes claimed that the new arrangement was scientific and would add speed and efficiency.The only efficiency it added was to slow the typist down,since almost any word in the English language required the typist’s fingers to cover more distance on the keyboard. The advantages of the typewriter outweighed the disadvantages of the keyboard.Typists memorized the

crazy letter arrangement,and the typewriter became a huge success.By the time typists had memorized the new arrangement of letters and built their speed,typewriter badly as they had at first. 32.The author thinks the machine invented by Henry Mill could not be sold because__________. A.it was difficult for people to accept new things B.there were great disadvantages of the key board C.the machine could not be distinguished from print D.the name of the machine was too long 33.Sholes decided the QWERT arrangement of the keyboard in order to________. A.arrange the letters in alphabetical order B.cause the keys to jam when the typist worked quickly C.solve the problem of the keys jamming
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technology had improved,and the keys didn't stick as

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D.compete with”ABC”key arrangement 34.It is infer red that the QWERTV arrangement of the keyboard______. A.is the most scientific arrangement C.keeps the typist from typing too fast B.adds speed and efficiency of typists D.is easy for typists to memorize

35.Which of the following can be the best title of the passage? A.The Arrangement of The Letters on Keyboard B.The Story of Christopher Latham Sholes C.How to Invent The Typewriter D.The First Practical Typewriter 第二节(共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 10 分) 根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余 选项。

When your pet is sick, you know it needs medication. But pets, like babies, don’ t know the pill you want them to take will help them. 36 Here are some tips to help get your pet to take liquid medicine. 37 If the answer is yes,then your easiest path is to mix it with canned food.First give your hungry pet a small amount of canned food without the medication.It's important that the pet nibbles(一点点地吃)at the food and sees that there’s nothing wrong. Next,while the pet is still hungry, mix the medication in a small amount food and present it.Repeat as

necessary to get the entire dose(剂量)down. 38 If the pet decides not to finish the meal,the dose will be wasted. If the chemist says the medication cannot be taken with food, you need a syringe(注射器) the liquid down your pet's throat. 39 Keep a cheerful tone in your voice so the pet does’t sense your stress or where it cannot run away, perhaps having a dog sit with his back hesitation.Position your pet or a dropper to get

against a wall or chair—or a cat on your lap.

40 Use your other hand to insert the syringe or dropper between the cheek and back teeth.Slowly squeeze the medication so the pet won't choke.Try to keep your pet's mouth see it has swallowed,If your pet is being closed for approximately 30 seconds until you

obstinate(倔强的),stroke(抚摸)its throat gently or blow on the face. medication with a

Be sure you end the session with praise and perhaps a treat so your pet will not associate bad experience.

A.Before you call your pet in,be Sure to have the medication and any other materials B.Once the pet is in position,use one hand to gently open the pet's mouth from above, slightly. C.Ask the vet if the liquid medication can be given with food. D.You should know the reason why the pet refuses to take medicine. E.Never mix the medication with the full meal. F.They just know it smells funny and they don’t want it. G. Don’t force your pet to swallow all the medicine.

you’ll need ready. tilting back the head

第三部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分 45 分)
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第一节 完形填空(共 20 小题:每题 1.5 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A,B,C 和 D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题 卡上将该项涂黑。 Several years ago I noticed something strange: people seemed to be smiling at me more often. 41 during my young adult years people had never smiled at me that much. They would look at me for only a second and move away their 42 altogether.Once in a while they would 43 or say“hi”to me but more often they said 44 at a11.

All that seemed to

45 as I got older, though.For some

46 reason people were suddenly greeting me with a

47 smile when I walked past them.Their eyes seemed to

48 up brightly when they said “hello” to me and many

times they would even 49 to chat happily with me for a few minutes.At first I didn’t know what 50 had happened to me.Had the whole world suddenly gotten kinder without 51 me? Then one day when I was walking alone in a store,the 52 came to me.At that moment I walked by a display of 53 and saw that I had the 54 expression on my face. I had been smiling without even knowing it. All of a sudden, I 55 that I was the one who had really changed. I had grown so much in love and joy. And it was the light shining from my own soul that others 56 back to me, We are all mirrors in this life. We all 57 each other’ s light out of their souls. We all help each other to become a good 58 that we were meant to be when we were born.May you reflect every kindness and joy that you 59 in this world.And may your own soul always 60 brightly as well.Thus you will always be happy. 41.A.Besides 42.A.eyes 43.A.nod 44.A.something 45.A.remain 46.A.possible 47.A.cold 48.A.pick 49.A.move 50. A.on purpose 51.A.contacting 52.A,answer 53.A.toys 54. A.saddest 55.A.explained 56.A.delivered 57.A.accept 58.A.image 59.A.succeed 60.A.sing B.However B.heads B.1augh B.anything B.change B.special B.bitter B.grow B.stop B.in fact C.Therefore C.feet C.shout C.nothing C.fade C.familiar C.warm C.keep C.continue C.in detail D.Otherwise D.1egs D.whisper D.everything D.return D.terrible D.funny D.light D.prefer D.on earth D.warning D.secret D.mirrors D.toughest D.recognized D.paid D.share D.picture D.possess D.show

B.understanding C.informing B.idea B.paintings B.happiest B.predicted B.reflected B.avoid B.character B.encourage B.shine C.thought C.shelves C.healthiest C.realized C.returned C.1ocate C.example C.see C.appear

第 II 卷 (非选择题,50 分)
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第三部分 英语知识运用 第二节(共 10 分;每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分) 阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(不多于 3 个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。 6l artist had a small daughter.Sometimes he painted women tried to keep the small girl out 63 he was doing this, “She is 64 suddenly ran into the room.Her mother ran up the stairs 67 For a few seconds the little girl said 第四部分:写作(共两节,满分 35 分) 第一节 短文改错(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有 10 处错误,每 句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(^),并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意: 1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2.只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 Abby, How are you? I’ ve got a wonderful news to tell you. I have offered a scholarship at a university in Australia 62 any clothes on,and he and his wife always young to understand, ”they said.

But one day, when the artist 65 (paint) a woman with no clothes on, he forgot 66 (lock)the door, and the girl (stop)her, but when she got to the room,the little girl was already in the room and looking at the woman.Both her 68 waited for her to speak. 69 , but then she ran to her mother and said 70 (angry), “Why do you let her go about without shoes and socks oil when you don’t let me?”

for my further education . Two hundreds and twenty students took the exam for it, but only a few are chosen.Therefore,my parents are not happy about it. They are strong against my going there.They say it is too far away that they will worry about me. They can't imagine a girl of my age live alone.They advise me to study in the capital instead. Then I’ll be able to continue on living with them.How can I persuade them to accepting the fact that I have grown up? Best Wishes, Jane 第二节 书面表达(满分 25 分) 某英语学习报就以下话题征稿:距离高考还有半年的时间,紧张的高考备考已经拉开序幕,但是很多同学 还不知如何处理学习、健身和休息与高考备考之间的关系。请你用英语写一篇稿件,发表你自己的看法。 注意: 1.词数 100 字左右,开头语已为你写好, 2.可适当增加细节,使行文连贯。 We are going to attend the College Entrance Exams in less than one year.

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