高三年级半月考试卷（ 英语 ）
第一部分 阅读理解 （共两节，满分 60 分） 第一节 （共 15 小题; 每小题 3 分，满分 45 分） 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D ）中，选出最佳选项，并在答题 卡上将该项涂黑。 A Lill was a young French Canadian girl who grew up in the farming community. At the age of 16, her father thought that she had enough schooling and forced her to drop out of school to contribute to the family income. In 1922, with limited education and skills, the future didn’t look bright for Lill. Her father demanded that Lill find a job as soon as possible, but she didn’t have confidence to ask for a job. One day, Lill gathered her courage and knocked on her very first door. She was met by Margaret Costello, the office manager. In her broken English, Lill told her she was interested in the secretarial position. Margaret decided to give her a chance. Margaret sat her down at a typewriter and said, ―Lill, let’s see how good you really are.‖ She directed Lill to type a single letter, and then left. Lill looked at the clock and saw that it was 11:40 am. Everyone would be leaving for lunch at noon. She thought she should at least attempt the letter. On her first try, she got through one line but made four mistakes. She pulled the paper out and threw it away. The clock now read 11:45. ―At noon,‖ she said to herself. ―I’ll move out with the crowd, and they will never see me again.‖ On her second attempt, things didn’t get any better. Again she started over and finally completed the letter, full of mistakes, though. She looked at the clock: 11:55 ----- five minutes to freedom. Just then, Margaret walked in. She came directly over to Lill and put one hand on the desk and the other on the girl’s shoulder. She read the letter and paused. Then she said, ―Lill, you are doing good work!‖ Lill was surprised. She looked at the letter, then up at Margaret. With those simple words of encouragement, her desire to escape disappeared and her confidence began to grow. She thought, ― Well, if she thinks it’s good, then it must be good. I think I’ll stay!‖ Lill did stay at the Carhartt Overall Company for 51 years, through two world wars and 11 presidents ----- all because someone had the insight to give a shy and uncertain young girl the gift of self-confidence when she knocked on the door.
1. Why didn’t the future look bright for Lill when she left school at an early age? A. Because she was forced to leave school. B. Because her father thought that she had enough schooling. C. Because she had no confidence to ask for a job. D. Because her education and skills were very limited for a job. 2. The underlined sentence in the fourth paragraph means that again. B. Lill would move the letter out in the crowd. C. Lill would throw the paper away without being noticed. D. Lill thought people would never see the mistakes in the letter. 3. How many attempts did Lill make to type the letter? A. One B. Two C. Three D. Four 4. Which of the following can be the best title for this passage? A. Honesty is the best policy C. Virtue leads to success B. Encouragement makes a difference D. Time waits for no man B Congratulations on deciding to visit the Big Apple. Whether you choose to spend time in the Metropolitan Museum of Art or an S&M club in the west Village, or both, you’re in for quite an experience. NYC(New York City) isn’t nearly as crazy or dangerous as movies make it out to be, so relax and enjoy its intrinsic weirdness. Instructions to get there New York City, being a major metropolis, can be accessed in many ways: by plane, train, bus or car. Flying: There are three major airports people usually fly into when traveling to New York. La Guardia is the closest to Manhattan, and is located in the borough of Queens. JFK international Airport is also in Queens, but a little farther from Manhattan. Newark is in New Jersey and is by far the farthest from the city. Train: Amtrak(美国铁路公司) trains arrive constantly in Penn Station, which is located at 7th Avenue and 34th Street. Penn Station is conveniently located in the heart of Manhattan and can be accessed via subway and taxis. Metro North, a light-rail system that runs from Connecticut to New York, is another convenient way to get into the city if you happen to be nearby. Those trains come into Grand Central Station, which is located at 42nd Street and Park Avenue. Bus: For those of you on a tight budget (or who are just plain cheap but have a lot of time on
A. Lill would leave her position then so that she would not face her workmates and her manager
your hands), the bus is always an option. Buses----- run by several companies including Greyhound, Trailways, Peter Pan and New Jersey Transit----- are usually much cheaper than trains and planes, and they are just as convenient, arriving at Port Authority, located at 42nd Street and 8th Avenue. Of course, buses take longer and have smellier bathrooms. Driving: If you choose to drive to New York City, your best bet is to find a garage as soon as you arrive and park your car for the duration of the trip. Driving and parking in the city are both impossible, and will certainly make your trip miserable. Since New York has excellent public transportation and thousands of taxis, you really don’t need your car if you are staying in Manhattan. 5. In many films New York City seems________. A. dangerous B. traditional C. convenient D. unique 6. Which one shows the right order of airports’ distance from New York City? A. JFK International Airport—Newark—La Guardia B. La Guardia—JFK International Airport—Newark C. La Guardia—Newark—JFK International Airport D. JFK International Airport—La Guardia—Newark 7. If you are on vacation but don’t have enough money, which transportation is your best choice? A. Plane A. its high cost C. unpleasant smell C Most parents and teachers want children to be happy. To that end, parents find themselves doing things for kids to make them happy, like buying gifts, taking them for ice cream, playing games together, or helping with homework. Teachers are constantly doing things for children too, like bringing treats to class, planning fun trips, and supporting students in other immeasurable ways. Do acts of kindness toward children make us happier parents and teachers? Of course they do. Unfortunately, we don’t make children happy by simply enabling them to be receivers of kindness. We increase their feelings of happiness and well-being by teaching them to be givers of kindness. The truth is that children are born to be altruistic. But somewhere between birth and 4th grade, they are socialized to think more about themselves than others. How do we change this and improve children’s well-being? A recent study, Kindness Counts, conducted by researchers from the University of British
C. Bus . B. taking a long time D. parking the car
8. The biggest challenge for driving to New York City is
Columbia and the University of California, broke new ground by showing the benefits gained by teens when they were taught happiness-increasing skills. For a month, several hundred 9-11-year-olds performed and recorded three acts of kindness each week for anyone they wished. Another several hundred kept track of three pleasant places they visited during the week. Not surprisingly, the results were consistent with adult studies. When kids performed acts of kindness or took notice of the pleasant places they visited during the week, they significantly increased feelings of happiness and satisfaction. But those who performed acts of kindness received an additional benefit. Measuring how well children were liked or accepted by their peers (同伴), the study showed those who performed acts of kindness gained an average of 1.5 friends during the four-week period – good support for the idea that ―nice guys finish first.‖ 9. What do most parents and teachers do to make children happy? A. Do good deeds for them. B. Take them to see funny things. C. Teach them the secret of happiness. D. Develop their happiness-increasing skills. 10. The underlined word ―altruistic‖ in Paragraph 5 is closest in meaning to ―_____‖. A. optimistic B. energetic C. curious D. generous B. Happy people are likely to do good deeds. D. Visits to places lead to much more happiness. 11. What can be concluded from the study? A. Children can change their attitudes easily. C. Acts of kindness are the key to happiness. D Eighty-five-year old Chinese Pharmacologist (药理学家) Tu Youyou became China’s first winner of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine when it was announced that she was one of three scientists awarded the 2015 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for their work in developing effective drugs against parasitic diseases. Tu was honored for developing artemisinin (青蒿素), a drug for malaria that has saved millions of lives across the globe, especially in the developing world, the Nobel Assembly at Karolinska Institute disclosed on its website on Monday. Tu, a Chinese trained pharmacologist and a researcher at the China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences in Beijing, went to Stockholm, Sweden in December to receive her award, according to Cao Hongxin, the science and technology department head of the State Administration of Traditional Chinese Medicine.
―She was calm and said she has received lots of congratulatory calls,‖ Cao told China Daily on Monday after he telephoned Tu to congratulate her. ―It’s an overdue (迟来的) honor for Tu and the world’s recognition of traditional Chinese medicine,‖ he said. ―Tu’s breakthrough in winning the Nobel Prize in a natural science is the pride of the whole nation and the whole Chinese scientific community,‖ said zhou Dejin, spokesman of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, China’s national research body that consists of more than one hundred research institutes, universities and research branches. ―The achievement of developing artemisinin was made in the 1970s, but it only received international recognition in later years, which suggests that we might have more achievements that have reached the Nobel Prize level but have not been recognized,‖ Zhou said. 12. Why was Tu Youyou awarded the Nobel Prize? A. She made a breakthrough in the Chinese scientific community. B. She came up with a revolutionary theory about medicine. C. She devoted her whole life to medicine research. D. She developed a very effective drug in the 1970s. 13. What do we know about Tu Youyou? A. She secretly accepted the Nobel Prize by herself. B. She’s the second Chinese to win the 2015 Nobel Prize. C. She has an ordinary heart though winning the Nobel Prize. D. She won the 2015 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine with three scientists. 14. What can we infer from the last paragraph? A. China lacks talented scientists like Tu Youyou badly. B. Tu’s achievement was recognized by the world a long time ago. C. Chinese scientists should work harder to win more Nobel Prizes. D. More Chinese scientific achievements should be acknowledged. 15. What type of writing does this passage belong to? A. A scientific report. B. An official document. 第二节（共 5 小题；每小题 3 分，满分 15 分） 根据短文内容，从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。 For the question of how to set goals, we have a very simple process that you can go through to set your personal goals. 16 Identify your personal values and task statements. 17 If you can identify your personal values, your personal goal will not go wrong. The starting point of all achievements is desire.
C. A news report.
D. A medical record.
18 After you know your personal values, find out what you really want to achieve in every life aspect. Life has many aspects and in order to lead a happy life, you should set goals in every aspect. Write your goals down. Please pay attention to this. 19 If not, they will only become dreams. You should limit your goals to between 5 and 6 at any one time. To achieve your goals you have to focus your efforts and energy. As you progress and complete your goals, you may add new goals. Develop a personal action plan. You need to make a detailed schedule according to your goals. Develop a personal action plan and follow it. Review your progress and update your goals accordingly. step. Find out more of monitoring the process of goal setting. A. Make sure you are making progress. B. Your personal value is the big direction. C. Figure out the goals you want to achieve. D. It’s true that goal setting is a lifelong process. E. If you want to succeed, you need prepare well. F. You must write your goals down on a piece of paper. G. These steps can help you set your goals more easily. 第二部分：英语知识运用（共两节，满分 55 分） 第一节：完形填空（共 20 小题，每小题 2 分，满分 40 分） 阅读下面短文，从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C、D)中，选出可以填入空白处的最佳 选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 It was the final week of the term, and as usual, I was stressed. I couldn’t When I started to have terrible headaches, my mom 24 chest was almost killing me. Then, a nurse took me to the 21 ; my mind was full 20 If not, analyze why the goal is not being met. Find a coach or friend to help you if you have trouble. Realize your goals step by
of 22 . I was trying to concentrate, but failed. I had problems sleeping and was 23 all the time. to take me to the hospital. 27 room. 28 he found. His serious 29 and was the cause of the pain We sat down to wait 25 in the waiting room. When my name was finally 26 , a pain in my First my heart rate was checked. The doctor didn’t seem happy with face made me even more nervous. He told me my heartbeat was breathing with 31 . I had a heart disease. However, after some tests, he ruled out the 33 of
in my 30 just now in the waiting room. I was feeling as if the room lacked enough oxygen. I was The doctor was 32
the heart disease. He told me I was most likely having episodic acute stress(间歇性急性应激). I
didn’t even know what that 34 . He explained that it was my body’s schedule. He added that I was
to my exhausting work 37 its ability to cope.
36 pushing my body too hard, and it had
Stress became a threat to both my physical and emotional health. The doctor gave me some medicine and put me on a(n) 38 program. I was supposed to avoid stress and give myself time to relax. Now, I have learned not to 39 slow down. 21．A. lie down 22．A.memories 23．A. doubtful 24．A. decided 25．A. hopefully 26．A. mentioned 27．A. operation 28．A. that 29．A. irregular 30．A. back 31．A. concern 32．A. aware 33．A. possibility 34．A. proved 35．A. contribution 36．A. still 37．A. lost 38．A. volunteer 39．A. complain 40．A. wonderful B．calm down B．ideas B．tired B．managed B．patiently B．recommended B．examination B．which B．normal B．head B．difficulty B．confident B．effect B．expressed B．reaction B．even B．avoided B．recovery B．cheat B．tough C．get down C．surprises C．cheerful C．tried C．anxiously C．registered C．medicine C．what C．steady C．leg C．care C．suspicious C．danger C．indicated C．access C．just C．overcome C．research C．escape C．smooth D．break down D．worries D．puzzled D．promised D．politely D．called D．rest D．when D．painful D．chest D．ease D．certain D．identity D．meant D．approach D．ever D．practiced D．education D．panic D．sweet anymore during an examination. Life is 40 , and stress is just something we make up to make our lives more difficult. I learn a lesson from this: we should learn to
第 II 卷
第二节 （共 10 小题，每小题 1.5 分，满分 15 分） 阅读下面材料，在空白处填入适当的内容（1 个单词）或括号内单词的正确形式。 Californian truck driver, Larry Waters, always wanted to be him 42 41 pilot. The only way open for
(do) this was join the US Air Force, but his poor eyesight made this impossible. He didn’t
give up and began working on a plan for his first 43 (fly). He bought forty-five weather balloons from a local store. Then he fixed these to his garden chair, which 44 (tie) to his jeep. For this journey, he also purchased some beer and a parachute (降落伞). (attach) it to the jeep.
When everything was ready, he got into the seat and cut the ropes 45 His plan worked well, at least in the beginning.
46 the balloons continued to lift him up until 47 could be used to
he reached an altitude of 5,000 meters. Luckily, he had bought an air-gun
burst the balloons. He managed to burst ten of them, but then, unfortunately, he dropped the gun. Waters’ flying garden chair began to get dangerously close to Los Angeles International Airport. Jet pilots flying nearby were 48 (astonish) to see the unusual sight, but this was a(n) 49
(potential) dangerous situation. An airport helicopter eventually succeeded to earth. 第三部分：写作（共两节，满分 35 分） 第一节 短文改错(共 10 小题；每小题 1 分,满分 10 分)
50 bringing him back
假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文，请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有 10 处语言错误，每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加：在缺词处加一个漏字符号（∧） ，并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除：把多余的词用斜线（\）划掉。 修改：在错的词下划一横线，并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意：1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词； 2. 只允许修改 10 处，多者（从第 11 处起）不计分。 One day my father went to see the film after supper. But in our surprise, he came back just about half an hour later. I asked him what was the matter. He smiled and told us about the funny thing what had happened in the cinema. He was sitting in his seat while a woman came to her and said the seat
was hers. Surprising, they looked at their ticket carefully, only to find the seats shown in their tickets were the same while the colors were different. So they looked at the tickets more carefully. After a while, my father apologized the woman, saying, ―Sorry, I make a mistake. Take this seat, please.‖ The fact was that his ticket found out under the glass on his desk was for the film a month ago. 第二节 书面表达（满分25分） 假如你是 Mary，你的朋友 Tom 现在是一名高三的学生，上次来信向你询问高三学生应如何有 效地备战明年的高考。现在请你就此给他回信提出一些建议，信中包括以下要点并说明理由。 要点： 1. 目标明确，正确评价自己； 3. 与父母、老师及同学保持沟通; 注意： 1.词数 100 左右，开头、结尾已为你写好（不计入总词数） ； 2.可适当增加细节以使行文连贯； 3. 参考词汇：高考:College Entrance Examination 明确的:definite 2. 前期复习注重基础； 4. 劳逸结合，平衡饮食。
正确评价自己:have a correct estimation of oneself Dear Tom, How are you doing? I’m glad to have received your letter._______________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________ Yours, Mary
阅读理解 DACB 完形填空 BDBAC DBCAD BCADB CABDB
语法填空（共 10 小题，每小题 1.5 分，满分 15 分） 41. a 46. But 短文改错
One day my father went to see the film after supper. But in our surprise, he came back just about a to half an hour later. I asked him what was the matter. He smiled and told us about the funny thing what had happened in the cinema. He was sitting in his seat while a woman came to her and said that when him the seat was hers. Surprising, they looked at their ticket carefully, only to find the seats shown in Surprised tickets Their tickets were the same while the colors were different. So they looked at the tickets more carefully. After a while, my father apologized ∧the woman, saying ―Sorry, I make a mistake. Take this seat, to made please.‖ The fact was that his ticket found out under the glass on his desk was for the film a month ago.
42. to do 47. which/that
43. flight 48. astonished
44. was tied 49. potentially
45. attaching 50.in
书面表达范文： 书面表达 Dear Tom, How are you doing? I’m glad to have received your letter. Here I’d like to give you some advice on how to prepare for the College Entrance Examination effectively. First, it’s very important to have a definite goal and a correct estimation of yourself． Only in this way will you not be easily pleased or disappointed with what you have known and done．Besides, during the earlier revision, pay more attention to the basic knowledge, which will help to develop your ability to solve problems later. What’s more, you’d better sometimes communicate with your parents, teachers or classmates, who may help you out when you are in trouble．Finally, striking a proper balance between study and rest keeps you energetic and a healthy diet is useful as well． I hope my advice will be of great help to you. Best wishes. Yours, Mary