高考英语完形填空高频词汇


完形高分策略(Skills of Cloze Tests)
一、高考完形填空命题趋势
选材特点: 以记叙文为主, 多以记叙文和夹叙夹意为主 命题特点: (1) 设空特点: 名词\ 动词(5-8 个)为主 (2) 考点层次分三部: 语篇层次:(语篇层次 30%以上)体现了突出语篇的命题思路 句子层次:(占 70%左右) 单词层次:(只须读懂单词所在句子就能做,分数较少) (3)考查重点: 短文第一句不设问.

二、考生易失分之处:
1、忽视行文逻辑,断章取义,就题论题。 2、脱离语境,滥用固定搭配。 3、缺乏必要的生活常识和不了解中西文化的差异。

三、做题三步法:

1

讲义资料

成功在于执着

第 1 页 共 14 页

九大方法巧解完形 一、利用首句来解题,根据全文来选择 I did very badly at school. My headmaster thought I was “You’re never going to be 37(anything) A. bright B. useless but a failure. ” D. hopeful 36 and when I was 14 he said,

C. simple

二、根据上下文语境,合理推断来解题 Our father was a struggling lawyer, but I always knew he was used 38 to bring out our best. 37. A. strict 38. A. help Practice: His big stomach has always ballooned out between his T-shirt and trousers. Although his family often 43 about that, Ed refused to buy a B. forgot B. straight 44 T-shirt or to lose weight. D. joked D. darker
2

37 . He never criticized us, but

B. honest B. peace

C. special C. smile

D. learned D. praise

43. A. cared 44. A. clean

C. quarreled C. larger

三、利用语篇标志解题 (三找) 常见的标志性的词语有以下几种: 结构层次 :firstly, secondly, thirdly ; 逻辑关系 : thus, therefore, so; 递进关系: besides, what’s more, further;转折关系: but, while, however, on the other hand 等。

She told the front-desk clerk she had had a(n) 41 vacation, but was heart-broken about losing several rolls of Kodak color film she had not yet developed. A. disappointing B. wonderful C. uncomfortable D. important

1、找逻辑关系题(转折、让步、解释、对立、因果、并列、总分、递进) 2、找 NOT 题(在原文中找 not) 句式结构:前面肯定后面否定、前面否定后面肯定,则选对立关系的词。 考点: (以下条件缺一不可) ①考查的是一个肯定句和否定句之间的逻辑关系,空前后必须是独立的句子; ②出题位置在两个句子之间或第二个句子的开头,不能处在一个句子的末尾或中间; ③选项中必须要有对立关系的词。 3、找 AND 题(在原文中找 and) 考点: ①and 前后选同义词,词性一致;②and 前后选同一范围词; ③and 前后句子对应成分相同; ④在文章中,并列关系词前后如果出题,利用已知关系解题。 讲义资料 成功在于执着 第 2 页 共 14 页

3、找同现复现原则 Liumei is among the __22__ ones. The Chinese University of Hong Kong granted (答应给) Liu a full scholarship --- HK$500,000. Not all students are so fortunate. 22. A. poor B. smart C. lucky D. silent Friendship is one of the permanent themes in the literature of all language. … Some of us like __2__ friends while others like different friends. Personally I prefer both. Having similar friends has many advantages. … 2. A. true B. right C. same D. similar

四、根据逻辑推理解题 …and the officers then began to eat their meal , saying that the mushrooms had a very strange___quite pleasant taste. A. besides B. but C. and D. or

五、根据常识和文化背景的角度来选择 The amount of usable water has always been of great interest in the world. 36(Owning) springs and streams sometimes means control , particularly in the 37 areas like the desert. A.dry B.distant C.deserted D.wild
3

六、从语法角度来解题 I went into a caféand asked for a coffee . 21 I was waiting for my drink, I realized that there

were other people in the place , but I sensed 22 (loneliness). A.Before B.Since C.Although D.While

Have you ever shouted at a teacher, told someone you were lonely, or said you were in love, and then 23 later you had kept your mouth shut? B. hoped C. blamed D. shared

23. A. wished

解题思路:利用语法分析解题,选项中的动词都是过去式,其后句宾语从句 had kept 是 过去完成时,故判断是虚拟。 七、从惯用法和固定搭配方面来解题 1) He was only fourteen and was not good at swimming__1_.So he shouldn’t have gone into that place. 1.A.after all B. in all C.at all D. for all

八、从词语辨析的角度来解题 讲义资料 成功在于执着 第 3 页 共 14 页

When, two weeks later, I 38 society. I should A. ran after 9(enjoy)

this same boy, I was more aware of my position in Nigerian

this country as the son of a minister. C. ran over D. ran to

B. ran into

九、同义近义复现来解题 I believe that a mixture of friends is equally advantageous. One can ___7___ from

various sorts of friends in three aspects. First, frequent contacts with different friends
broaden my world outlooks. Just as various kinds of nutriments keep you healthy, making a __8__ of friends keep you lively. …

Secondly,
C. suffer

I have found that different friends can not only lead to

new adventures but also show me new avenues to success in life. … 7. A. obtain 8. A. range B. benefit B. series D. earn D. variety

C. quantity

真题实战演练
(2011·全国新课标卷)完形填空( 共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分 ) In our discussion with people on how education can help them succeed in life, a woman remembered the first meeting of an introductory__36__ (同义复现) course about 20 years ago. (记4 叙文,回忆、人物、时间、事件 education) The professor __37__the lecture hall, placed upon his desk a large jar filled with dried beans(豆), and invited the students to _38_(同义复现)how many beans the jar contained. After __39__shouts of wildly wrong guesses the professor smiled a thin, dry smile, announced the __40__ answer,(与前面 wrong 相对应)and went on saying, ”You have just __41__an important lesson about science. That is: Never__42__ your own senses.” Twenty years later, the __43__(上文提到的人物)could guess what the professor had in mind. He __44__himself, perhaps,as inviting his students to start an exciting __45__(概括的是答 案)into an unknown world invisible(无形的) to the 46 scientific 47 ,which can be discovered only through 48 the

.But the seventeen-year-old girl could not accept or 顺接关系) even

invitation. She was just 49

to understand the world. And she 50 that her firsthand experience 成功在于执着 第 4 页 共 14 页

讲义资料

could be the 51 .The professor, however, 与小女孩的观点相反的 said that it was 52(与 51 相 对).he was taking away her only 53 for knowing and was providing her with no substitute. “I remember feeling small and 54 ,”(找 and)the women says, “and I did the only thing I could do. I 55 the course that afternoon, and I haven’t gone near science since.”(找否定词) 36.A. art 37.A. searched fo 38.A. count 39.A. warning 40.A. ready 41.A. learned 42.A. lose 43.A. lecturer 44.A. described 45.A. voyage 46. A. professor 47. A. model 48. A. hear 49. A. suggesting 50. A. believed 51. A. growth 52. A. firm 53. A. task 54. A. cruel 55. A. dropped B. history B. looked at B. guess B. giving B. possible B. prepared B. trust B. scientist B. respected B. movement B. eye B. senses B. make B. beginning B. doubted B. strength B. interesting B. tool B. proud B. started 讲义资料 C. science C. got through C. report C. turning away C. correct C. taught C. sharpen C. speaker C. saw C. change C. knowledge C. spirit C. present C. pretending C. proved C. faith C. wrong C. success C. frightened C. passed 成功在于执着 D. math D. marched into D. watch D. listening to D. difficult D. taken D. show D. woman D. served D. rush D. light D. methods D. refuse D. waiting D. explained D. truth D. acceptable D. connection D. brave D. missed 第 5 页 共 14 页
5

【要点综述】本文是记叙文。二十年前,在第一节理科实验课上,一位教授做了一个实验,这个实验告诉 学生们,不要相信自己的判断。正是这个实验让一位妇女以后远离了理科。 36. C 联系下文 an important lesson about science 我们知道,这是一节理科实验课。 37. D 从空后的 placed upon his desk a large jar filled with…我们可以知道,老师走进了教室。 38. B 联系空后的 how many beans the jar contained 我们可以知道,教授让学生们猜一下,这个坛子能装多 少豆子。 39. D 联系空后的 shouts of wildly wrong guesses 我们知道,学生们喊出了各种错误的推测,教授听了他们 喊出的答案。 40. C 联系空前的 announced 和空后的 answer 我们知道,教授向学生们公布了正确答案。 41. A 联系空后的 an important lesson about science 我们知道,教授认为他们学到了一堂非常重要的理科课 程。 42. B 学生们的推测都是错误的,因此教授说, “不要相信你们的意识。 ” 43. D 联系下文 But the seventeen-year-old girl could not accept…我们知道, 这个妇女能够推测教授心里是怎 么想的。 44. C 前文有提示:The professor 37 (marched into) the lecture hall,由此我们可以得出答案。 45. A 联系空后的 into the unknown world 我们知道, 教授的目的是带学生们进行一次激动人心的知识旅行。 46. B 联系后文 which can be discovered only through scientific 47 (method)我们知道, 这个世界是眼睛看不到 的,只有通过科学方法才可以看到。 47. D 联系前文的 invisible to the eye 我们知道,这个世界只有通过科学的方法才可以看到。 48. A 联系空前的 could not accept 我们知道,她不能接受,甚至听到这个邀请。or 在这里表达前后为顺接 关系,因此其他选项可以排除。 49. B 联系前文的 the seventeen-year-old girl 我们可以推断,这个小女孩年龄很小,只是刚刚开始认识这个 世界。 50. A 空后的 her firsthand experience could be the 51 (truth)是她的认识,因此我们选 believed。 6 51. D 联系前文我们知道,教授想告诉学生的是第一手经验并不一定是事情的真相,我们要通过科学实验 来验证真相,但是小女孩的想法与之相反。 52. C 联系前文我们可以知道,教授认为小女孩认识世界的方式是错误的。 53. B 显然空前提到的 her first-hand experience 就是她认识世界的工具。 54. C 联系下文的 haven’t gone near science since 我们知道,她对理科产生了恐惧。 55. A 联系空后的 haven’t gone near science since 我们知道,那天下午她就放弃了理科。D 有一定干扰性, miss 意思是“错过” ,因此可以排除。

高考英语完型填空实战演练二

( 共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分 )

Sometimes people call each other “scared-cat”, but have you ever thought about this expression? When a cat is frightened, its heart starts beating faster, its muscles get tense, and there are changes in the chemicals in its blood- stream. Although the cat doesn’t 16 this, its body is getting ready for action. 17 itself, or it

If the danger continues, this animal will do one of the two things. It will will run away as fast as it can.

18 , when people are excited, angry, scared, or aroused by other emotions, our bodies also go through many 19 changes. Our hearts beat faster, and our muscles get tense. All of these 讲义资料 成功在于执着 第 6 页 共 14 页

changes make us more alert and ready to react. We, too, get ready to defend ourselves Human beings, feelings and let them 21 22

20

run.

, have a problem that animals never face. If we give way to our , we can get into trouble. Have you ever said something in anger, or

hit somebody and regretted it later? Have you ever shouted at a teacher, told someone you were lonely, or said you were in love, and then always 24 to express your feelings freely. 25 our feelings? No! If you 26 feelings 27 . 23 later you had kept your mouth shut? It isn’t

Does this mean that it’s smarter always to

of anger, sadness, and bitterness hidden away or bottled up inside, your body stays Physical illnesses can develop. It can actually be 28 for your health. 29

Feelings that you keep all bottled up inside, don’t just

. It’s like you bought some 30 you’d smell

bananas and stuck them in a cupboard. You might not be able to see them, but them. And if you opened the cupboard, you’d them. They’d be rotten. You can try to treat emotions they don’t exist, but they’ll still be bananas. 16. A. mind 17. A. save 18. A. Truly 19. A. chemical 20. A. and 21. A. therefore 22. A. take off 23. A. wished 24. A. useful 25. A. handle 26. A. keep 27. A. relaxed 28. A. good 29. A. go away 30. A. long before 31. A. meet B. admit B. help B. Frequently B. physical B. or B. but B. take on B. hoped B. right B. hurt B. find B. tense B. harmful B. go on B. as usual B. observe 讲义资料 C. realize C. defend C. Similarly C. health C. but C. besides C. take over C. blamed C. easy C. hide C. control C. same C. helpful C. go up C. before long C. catch 32 34 31

little fruit flies hovering (盘旋) all over

they were bananas in the cupboard. You can . And at last you’ll have to 35

33

them. Just like those

D. remember D. hide D. Differently D. ill D. yet D. however D. take up D. shared D. wise D. prevent D. let D. different D. useful D. go out D. right away D. see

7

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32. A. as if 33. A. pretend 34. A. in 35. A. eat up

B. just as B. expect B. around B. deal with

C. just after C. decide C. over C. throw away

D. even though D. assume D. beyond D. send out

16——20 CCCBB 21——25 DCADC 26——30ABBAC 31——35 DAABB

高考英语完型填空实战演练三( 共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分 ) Anna arrived far too early. Usually she left things to the last minute, 16 special occasion. It was almost the plane to arrive sooner: I’m wearing a since she had 20 22 19 17 today was a very 18 to cause

by getting there an hour beforehand that she

raced through her mind. “Do I look all right? Will he notice that 21 me? "After all, it was a year almost to the day

trouser suit? Will he even seen Joe. She fished a 24 23

out of her handbag and inspected her face. Too

much make-up?. Joe had

made any comment but she knew that he did not approve of(赞 25 it. It was funny how much importance she All right· ,of the8

成)heavy make-up—“gilding the lily”,he attached to 26

a good impression on him. After all, friends do not judge each other by 27 28 30

the same, it was the first meeting after a long separation, and she wanted everything to Looking out of the window,Joe 29 a first glimpse,through a break in the 31

town far below. Certainly it was very flattering that they had

him to be the guest lecturer at

their Autumn Congress yet again. The Chairman of the Organizing Committee,as a matter of Courtesy(礼貌) ,had. This time, 33 32 to meet him at the airport,as he had done on previous occasions. 34 35 because Joe was quite familiar with the city, the afternoon off in order to come and meet

,it was not necessary,

but mainly because Anna had said that she could him. 16. A. and 17. A. because 18. A. thought 19. A. Idea 20. A. new 21. A. like 22. A. before 23. A. purse B. but B. since B. liked B. Facts B. strange B. recognize B. recently B. handkerchief 讲义资料

C. for C. as if C. had C. Thoughts C. latest C. terrify C. last C. mirror

D. as D. when D. hoped D. Matters D. single D. tell D. most D. book

成功在于执着

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24. A. never 25. A. told 26. A. offering 27. A. appearance

B. almost B. called B. taking B. clothes

C. often C. saw C. having C. make-up C. go off C. enjoyed C. train C. told C. intended C. instead C. partly C. take

D. regularly D. thought D. making D. looking D. get out D. met D. clouds D. informed D. attempted D. as well D. separately D. leave

28. A. come across B. turn up 29. A. caught 30. A. air 31. A. employed 32. A. offered 33. A. therefore 34. A. luckily 35. A. put B. left B. rain B. invited, B. arrived B. however B. really B. make

高考英语完型填空实战演练三( 共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分 ) Anna arrived far too early. Usually she left things to the last minute, 16 special occasion. It was almost the plane to arrive sooner : I’m wearing a since she had 20 22 19 17 today was a very 18 to cause

by getting there an hour beforehand that she

raced through her mind. “Do I look all right? Will he notice that9 21 me? "After all, it was a year almost to the day 23 out of her handbag and inspected her face. Too

trouser suit? Will he even seen Joe. She fished a 24

much make-up?. Joe had

made any comment but she knew that he did not approve of(赞 25 it. It was funny how much importance she All right·

成)heavy make-up—“gilding the lily”,he attached to 26

a good impression on him. After all, friends do not judge each other by 27 28

the same, it was the first meeting after a long separation, and she wanted everything to 16. A. and B. but C. for D. as

解题思路:转折特点:一句肯定,一句否定;前后句有一组反义词;前句是形副词原级, 后句是比较级;前句是一般过去式,后句是一般现在时或前句是过去完成时,后句是一般过 去式;后句有一”still”词;前句有“Maybe”, “Perhaps”, “It meight be”等表示“可能”的副词。 17. A. because B. since C. as if D. when

解题思路:利用语法分析解题,because,since,when 接句子。 18. A. thought B. liked C. had D. hoped

解题思路: sooner 是将来时间状语,hope 与将来时有关! 19. A. Idea B. Facts 讲义资料 C. Thoughts 成功在于执着 D. Matters 第 9 页 共 14 页

解题思路:“Do I look all right? Will he notice that I’m wearing a even 21 me? 这两个问句说明她在想。Think = 20. A. new B. strange C. latest 19

20

trouser suit? Will he

raced through her mind.? D. single

解题思路:利用排除法解题 I’m wearing a 20

trouser suit? Will he even trouser suit? D. tell

21 recognize

me? "怀疑是否能 recognize 我,说明 I’m wearing a 20 21. A. like 解题思路:代入法 22. A. before 解题思路:代入法 23. A. purse B. handkerchief C. mirror ? C. often B. recently C. last B. recognize C. terrify

D. most

D. book

解题思路:与 make-up 相关的是 24. A. never B. almost

D. regularly

解题思路: but 说明前面应是否定词。 25. A. told B. called C. saw it.=he 25 D. thought it “gilding the lily”? D. making
10

解题思路:代入法“gilding the lily”,he 25 26. A. offering B. taking

C. having

解题思路:代入法,词汇辨析 27. A. appearance B. clothes 解题思路: judge each other by 27 28. A. come across B. turn up C. make-up ?概括的是解。 C. go off D. get out D. looking

解题思路:联想法 Everything goes well,Everything 与 go 搭配! Looking out of the window,Joe 29 a first glimpse,through a break in the 31 30 ,of the

town far below. Certainly it was very flattering that they had

him to be the guest lecturer at

their Autumn Congress yet again. The Chairman of the Organizing Committee,as a matter of Courtesy (礼貌) , had time, 33 32 to meet him at the airport, as he had done on previous occasions. This 34 because Joe was quite familiar with the city, but 35 the afternoon off in order to come and meet

,it was not necessary

mainly because Anna had said that she could him. 29. A. caught B. left

C. enjoyed

D. met

解题思路:固定搭配,包括动词与介词的搭配、动词与名词的搭配以及形容词与名词的 搭配等,同时要根据内容选择正确的短语。删除干扰部分,就是将起干扰作用的定语从句、 介词短语或插入语删除 Joe 29 讲义资料 a first glimpse,through a break in the 成功在于执着 第 10 页 共 14 页 30 , of the town far

below. 30. A. air B. rain C. train D. clouds

解题思路:the town far below.暗示是从飞机向下看,突然 a break 看不到了片刻是因为天 空中 挡了一下? 31. A. employed B. invited C. told D. informed ? D. attempted

解题思路:Autumn Congress 与 guest lecturer 有关的动词是 32. A. offered B. arrived C. intended

解题思路:intended 与 attempted 近义,应排除,承诺去接。 33. A. therefore B. however C. instead D. as well

解题思路:转折特点:一句肯定,一句否定;前后句有一组反义词;前句是形副词原级, 后句是比较级;前句是一般过去式,后句是一般现在时或前句是过去完成时,后句是一般过 去式;后句有一”still”词;前句有“Maybe”, “Perhaps”, “It meight be”等表示“可能”的副词。 34. A. luckily B. really C. partly D. separately

解题思路:转折特点:一句肯定,一句否定;前后句有一组反义词;前句是形副词原级, 后句是比较级;前句是一般过去式,后句是一般现在时或前句是过去完成时,后句是一般过 去式;后句有一”still”词;前句有“Maybe”, “Perhaps”, “It meight be”等表示“可能”的副词。后 面句子中 it was not necessary because Joe was quite familiar with the city, but mainly11 C. take D. leave

because Anna had said that she could take the afternoon off 提示未知的空应是 mainly 的反义词。 35. A. put B. make

解题思路:固定搭配,包括动词与介词的搭配、动词与名词的搭配以及形容词与名词的 搭配等, 同时要根据内容选择正确的短语。 不知道 take off 是请假的话, 联想 have two days off 是请 2 天假的意思也行,因为词组也含 off. 36—40 BCDCA 41—45 BCCAB 46—50 DACAD 51—55 BABCC

讲义资料

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高考英语高频词组汇【经典 100 组】
很多同学觉得英语学不会很大程度上有由于词汇量太少所致。 。 。然而其实不然,有一些词汇很简单, 你个个都认识可组合起来就不一定了或者意思就会产生偏差,这就是名曰词组的东西。可恰恰有些词组总 是受到高考命题老师们的偏爱,特此整理出来以便同学们整理背诵。【好好记一记,比背单词的效率高多 了呢~(*^__^*) 】

1 abandon oneself to sth. 完全屈从于(某种感情或冲动) 2 have a (the )ability to do sth. ( have the ability in doing sth.)有能力做某事 3 to the best of one's ability 尽力 4 be about to do when… 正准备做某事突然。。。 5 above all 首先,最重要; in all 总计 after all 毕竟; 终究 6 at home and abroad 在国内外 go abroad 出国 7 in sb.'s absence 不在时 in the absence of (人)不在时 be absent from 缺席 8 be absorbed in 全神贯注于 9 access to 接近;进入 10 by accident 偶然 by chance by mistake 由于错误 11 be delayed through an accident 由于事故而耽误 12 be accompanied by 附有;伴随 13 according to (后面不接 view,opinion…); in my opinion 14 collect accounts 收账; open an account 开账户; keep accounts 记账 ; account for 说 明; give a full account of 做一个完整的说明; on account of=because of 因为 15 accuse sb. of… 控告某人; charge sb. with sth. 起诉某人; Blame sb. for sth. 责备某 人 16 be accustomed to sth.( to doing sth.)=be used to sth.(to doing sth.)习惯于干某事 12 17 have some acquaintance with 熟悉;熟知 18 come (run) across (偶然)碰到 ; get sth. across 使人理解;领会 19 act as 充当,担任 act out 表演(对话、故事); act on(upon) 对。。。起作用 20 catch sb. in the act of doing sth. 抓住某人干某事; take action 采取行动 21 be active in 在。。。积极 take an active part in 积极参加 lead an active life 过着积极的 生活 22 adapt oneself to 使自己适应 adapt sth. to 使某物适应 adapt from 根据。。。改写(改 编) 23 add in 包括; 加进去 add to 增加;加强 add… to 把。。。加到。。。上 add up to 合加起来 24 be addicted to sth.( doing sth. ) 嗜好。。。的;上了。。。瘾的 25 in addtion/ in addtion to 此外 26 deliver an address to 向。。发表演讲 giving a closing address 致闭幕词 an address of welcome 欢迎词 27 admit to sth.( doing sth.) 承认 28 in advance=beforehand 提前 29 be of great (no ) advantage to 对。 。 。大大有利 (毫无裨益) gain(have) an advantage over 优于;胜过; take advantage of sb. 利用某人;欺骗某人 30 put an advertisement 登广告 31 ask for sb.'s advice 征求某人的建议 give sb. advice on how to do sth. 就如何 何干某事提出忠告 32 advise sb. on sth. 就某事对某人提出忠告;advise sb. against( doing) sth.劝某人不干某事 讲义资料 成功在于执着 第 12 页 共 14 页

33 be afraid of 害怕;担心 be afraid to do 不敢做某事 34 be after 寻求;追求 35 be against one's proposal 反对 (意见 go against nature 违背自然 stand against the wall 靠 墙而立 36 at the age of 在。。。岁时; be under age 未成年 37 agree with sb.( what 从句 ); agree with the climate/饮食 对气候等的适应 agree to +advice/suggestion/ idea/proposal … agree on (upon) 。。。就。。达成一致意见 38 ahead of ( time) 在。。。前面 go ahead 继续;前进 39 aid sb. in sth./aid sb. with sth. 帮助某人做某事 in aid of 支持 ;give sb. first aid 对某人 实施急救 40 aim at 瞄准 41 on the air (用无线电 、 电视) 播送 in the air 在空中 ; by air 乘飞机 ; put on (give oneself) airs 摆架子 42 all along 一直;始终 all over the country(world)遍及全国(世界) all alone 单独;独 自地 all but 几乎;差一点 43 allow sb. to do sth. 允许某人做某事 allow doing sth. 允许做某事 44 let alone 更不用说 There is not enough room for us,let alone six dogs. 45 get along (on) with 在。。。方面有进展 take along with 随身携带 46 not only…but also 47 make an analysis of 分析 48 in the ancient time 在古代 49 and so on/and so forth 等等 50 be angry about sth.对某事生气 be angry at sth.因某事生气 be be angry with sb.生某人的气 51 annoy sb. with sth./annoy sb. by doing sth. 因。。。使某人生气;52 one after another 相 13 继 53 answer for 对。。。负责 answer sb.'s call 回电话 make no answer 不作回答 54 be anxious about ( for) 为。。。担心 be anxious to do 渴望(急于)做某事 55 apologize to sb. for sth./ make an apology to sb. for sth 因某事向某人道歉 56 in appearance 外貌上 make one's appearance 登台 by/from all appearances 显然 57 apply…to… 将。。应用于 apply for 申请 apply to 适应于 apply oneself to 专心致志 于 ; apply to sb. for sth. 向某人申请某物 58 appoint sb. to a post 派某人任某职; appoint a time for the meeting 约定开会时间 59 approach to 接近 make an approach to 对。。。进行探讨 60 approve of 赞同 61 argue with/against sb. about/on sth. 与某人辩论某事 ; argue sb. into doing 说服某人做某事 62 arm in arm 肩并肩 hand in hand 手拉手 ; shoulder to shoulder 肩并肩 take sth. in one's arms 抱 be armed to the teeth 全副武装 63 arrange for 安排;准备 arrange with sb. about sth. 与某人商定某事 make an arrangement( arrangements) for… 做好准备;安排 64 as a whole 作为总体 on the whole 总体上 65 as…as one can 尽力;尽可能 66 as to/with regard to 至于;说到 67 be ashamed at sth. 为某事感到羞愧 be ashamed for 为某人感到羞愧 68 ask for sth. 请求 ask sb. for sth. 向某人索取某物 ask sb. to do sth. 要求某人做某事 69 every aspect of=all the aspects of 各个方面 70 assist sb. with sth./assist sb. in doing sth./assist sb. to do sth. 帮助某人做某事 讲义资料 成功在于执着 第 13 页 共 14 页

71 associate..with… 把。。。和。。联系起来 ; in association with … 与。。。联手 72 be astonished( surprised) at (the news) 对。。感到惊奇 73 at the latest 最迟 74 e attached to 附属于。。。;依恋; attach sth. to… 把。。贴上 把。。系在。。。上 75 attempt/try to do sth.(make an attempt to do sth.) 企图做。。。;attempt at sth. 试图获得 76 attend on/to sb. 照看/护理某人; attend to 关心;照料 77 attract/capture/catch/draw/get one's attention 吸引某人注意 hold one's attention on 将注意力集中于 devote one's attention to 专心于 turn one's attention to 将注意力转向 pay attention to 注意 78 one's attitude towards… 某人的态度对。 79 on (the ) average 按平均; above( below) average 平均以上(下) 80 be aware of 意识到,觉察 81 back and forth 来回地(屋内) 82 at the back of sb./at sb.'s back 支持某人;at the back of 在。。。后 lie on one's back 朝天躺着 83 go from bad to worse 每况愈下 84 go bad(wrong/hungry) 变腐 85 keep(lose) balance 保持(失去)平衡 ; be in the balance 悬而未决 86 ban( prohibit) sb.from doing sth. 禁止某人做某事 be under a ban 被禁止 87 base sth. on/upon sth. 以。。。为基础; be based on 基于 on…basis=on the basis of 以。。。为根据; 在。。。基础上 88 battle against 向。。。开战; battle with 与。。。搏斗; battle for 为。。。而战 89 because of + 名词(代词、 what 从句) 14 90 make the bed 整理床铺;in bed/on the bed 在床上 91 beg sb. to do sth.恳求某人干某事; beg for sth. 请求得到 beg sth. of sb.恳求某人某事 92 begin with 从。。。开始 93 on behalf of 代表 ; on sb.'s behalf 以某人的名义 94 believe in 信赖 95 belong to (无被动语态) 属于 96 beyond recognition 认不出来 beyond belief 难以置信 beyond description 无法用言语表达 beyond sb. 对某人来说难以理解 97 by birth 在血统上 at birth 诞生;出生 give birth to 生(产) 98 bit by bit 一点点地 do one's bit 尽一点(份) quite a bit 相当多 比较: not a bit 一点也不 not a little 很,非常 99 be black and blue 遍体鳞伤 100 bear the blame 受过 lay/ put the blame on/upon sb. for sth. 把责任推到某人身上

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