四六级听力常用短语


四、六级听力常用短语 1) take a rain check 改天吧 Model: [1998.8.北美(29)] -- Can you come over for dinner tonight? (今天晚上来吃饭好吗?) -- I'm up to my ears in work, so I'll have to take a rain check.(我工作很忙,改日吧。 2) lost count 弄不清楚 Model: [2000.1.(21)] -- Ever since your girlfriend moved to Bridgeport, you are always driving there. How many trips a week do you make anyway?(自从你的女友搬到 Bridgeport, 你老是开车去看她。 一周去 几次啊?) --I have lost count, but I can do it with my eyes closed.(搞不清楚了,但我闭着眼也能摸过 去。) 3) be in another world 精神恍惚;魂不守舍 Model: [1996.5.(25)] -- Pete's really out of it these days.(Pete 这几天有点心不在焉。) -- Yeah, I know. Ever since he met Ann, he's been in another world.(我同意。 自从他遇见 Ann, 他就魂不守舍了。) 4) make yourself at home 随意,随便 Model: [1999.8.(7)] -- Do you mind if I take off my jacket?(你介意我脱下夹克吗?) -- Of course not, make yourself at home.(当然不介意,随意一点!) 5) save your breath 省口气吧;别白费口舌了 Model: [1995.10.(14)] -- Hey? John! John!(嘿,John! John!) -- Save your breath. He’s out of earshot.(省口气吧。他已经听不到了。) 6) make sense 有意义,理解 Model: [1999.1.(29)] -- The plot of that movie is hard to follow.(那部电影的情节很难跟得上。) -- It makes more sense the second time.(再看一遍就理解了。) 7) cost sb. an arm and a leg 非常昂贵 Model: [1999。1。(4)] --Did you see the diamond ring Bill gave to Linda?(你看到 Bill 送给 Linda 的钻戒了吗?) --I sure did. It must have cost him an arm and a leg.(当然了。那一定很昂贵。) 8) burn a hole in one's pocket 很快地被花光 Model: [1997.10 ] --Have you saved enough to buy that new printer for your computer yet? (你攒足钱给你的 电脑买一台新打印机了吗?) --You know money seems to be burning a hole in my pocket lately . Maybe next month. (这 几个月我花钱如流水。也许下个月吧。) 9)fill one's shoes 很好地顶替;令人满意地替代 Model: [1997.8.] --Have you heard that Professor Jones is retiring? (你听说 Jones 教授要退休了吗?) --Yes. The faculty won't find anyone to fill her shoes. (是的。学校将很难找到合适的人来代 替她。)

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10)is ice cold 表示理所当然 Model: [1995.10.] --Does Prof. Ford always come to class? (Ford 教授总是来上课吗?) --Is ice cold? (当然了。) 11)like apples and oranges 用来表示无法相比的事物 Model: [1997.1.] --Which game do you think is more difficult to learn, chess or bridge? (你认为桥牌和象棋哪 个更难学?) --They are like apples and oranges. (它俩没法比较。) 12)look for a needle in a hay stack 大海捞针 Model: [1990.1.] --We are supposed to meet John here at the train station. (我们要在火车站接 John。) --That's like looking for a needle in a hay stack . (那可真是大海捞针。) 13)lose one's train of 忘记 Model: [1995.1.] --When you interrupted me, you made me lose my train of thought. (你打断了我的思考, 我 忘记我在想什么了。) 14)meet each other half way 相互妥协,让步 Model: [1992.8.] --My chemistry project is in trouble because my partner and I had totally different ideas about how to proceed. (我的化学课题出问题了。在进展问题上,我与我的合作者意见完全不 同。) --You should try to meet each other half way. (你们应该相互妥协。) 15)on the dot 准时;正点 Model: [1992.8.] --Did you and Amanda really meet exactly five minutes to two in front of the theatre? (你和 Amanda 确实在差 5 分两点的时候到达剧院门口了吗?) --Yes, we were both there on the dot. (是的,我俩都准点到达。) 16)once and for all 最后一次;干脆 Model: [1996.1.] --I am going to tell that neighbor of mine to turn down that music once and for all.(我要最 后一次告诉我那个邻居把音乐声关小。) --I see why you are angry. But I've always found that the polite route is the most effective. (我明白你为什么恼火。但我总觉得礼貌的方式是最有效的。) 17)out of earshot 不在听力所及范围 Model: [1995.10.] --Hey? John! John! (嗨! John! John! ) --Save your breath. He's out of earshot. (省口气吧,他听不见。) 18)out of this world 非常好 Model: [1995.10.] --Have you tried Susan's apple pie? (你试过 Susan 的苹果派吗?) --I got the last piece. And it was out of this world. (我拿到最后一块。好吃极了。) 19)play by ear 随机应变,视情形而定 Model: [1989.8.]

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--Marty, are you doing anything special for your presentation in political science tomorrow? (Marty,你在为明天的政治学演讲准备与众不同的材料吗?) --Not really, because the class so often turns into a discussion, I've decided to play it by ear. (不。那门课常常最后变成讨论。我决定视情形而定。) 20) ring a bell 令人想起某件事;听起来耳熟 Model: [1992.10.] --That name just doesn't ring a bell with me. (那个名字我一点也不熟。) 21)share a common outlook 有共同的观点 Model: [1991.1.] --Jeff and Alan share a common outlook on life. (Jeff 和 Alan 对于生活有共同的观点。) 22)six of one and half-a-dozen of the other 半斤八两;没什么区别 Model: [1989.1.] --I can't decide whether to take anthropology or geology this term. (我决定不了这学期是选 人类学还是地理课。) --It's six of one and half-a-dozen of the other. (两门无甚差别。) 23)stick around 在附近逗留或等待 Model: [1995.5.] --Leaving the party so soon? We're just getting ready to cut the cake. (这么早就要走?我们 刚准备要切蛋糕。) --Sorry, I can't stick around. (对不起,我不能继续待在这儿了。) 24)stick with 继续做,坚持 Model: [1996.8.] --I wonder what this new flavor of ice cream tastes like? (我想知道这种新的冰激凌是什么 味道?) --I tried it last week. If I were you, I would stick with an old favorite. (上周我吃过, 若我是你, 我会继续吃以前爱吃的那种。) 25)straighten out 扯平;结清 Model: [1996.1.] --I almost forgot. I still owe you ten dollars from the other night. Do you have change for a twenty? (我差点忘了。不久前的一个晚上我借了你 10 块钱,到现在还没还呢,你现在能找 开 20 元的吗?) --Oh, not at the moment. Let's just straighten it out some other time. (哦,现在不能。以后 再结清吧。) 26)toss and turn (身体)翻来覆去(通常表示难以入睡) Model: [1993.1.] --Last night I tossed and turned in bed, too exhausted to sleep. (昨晚我辗转反侧, 怎么也睡 不着) 27)turn one's back (在别人遇到困难时)不愿帮助 Model: [1990.10.] --He'll turn his back on me if I ask for money. (我若向他借钱,他就会不理我。) 28)under the weather 身体不适,生病 Model: [1996.10.(26)] --It's good to see you, Mary. How have you been? (看见你真高兴,Mary。你好吗?)

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--Actually I have been feeling under the weather recently. (其实这两天我身子不大舒服。) 29)bite off more than one can chew 贪多嚼不烂;心有余而力不足;不自量力;力不从心 Model: --I hear you've been taking an advanced physics course this semester. How's it going? (我听 说这学期你在上高等物理课。这门课怎么样?) --I think I've bitten off more than I can chew. (我是心有余而力不足啊。) 30)break new ground 创新 Model: --His architectural design broke new ground in the field. (他的建筑设计是这个领域里的创 新。) 31)do the trick 做成功;达到理想的结果 Model: --I've been trying to get the furnace started, but I can't find the right switch. (我尽力想让炉 子燃起来,可不知道该按哪个键。) --Here, I believe this one in the back will do the trick. (这里,我相信后面按这个键,可以让 炉子燃起来。) 32)drag one's feet 行动缓慢;磨磨蹭蹭不情愿 Model: --How's Bob coming along on his dissertation proposal? (Bob 的论文计划进展地怎么样 了?) --He's really been dragging his feet. (他很磨蹭的。) 33)draw the line 拒绝,拒不容忍 Model: --Paul expects me to clean the room every week. (Paul 想让我每周打扫房间。) --That's where I draw the line. (可是我绝对不会答应的。 34)feel down in the dumps 心情不好;情绪低落 Model: --Kate was really feeling down in the dumps about her latest chemistry assignment. (Kate 为 最近的化学作业成绩感到很沮丧。) 35)few and far between 不多;少而分散的;不常碰到或发现的;稀少的 Model: --Steve is really a terrific guy. (Steve 真是不简单。) --He sure is. Ones like him are few and far between. (当然。像他那样的人可不多见。) 36)fit as a fiddle 身体很健康 Model: -- Harry! How have you been? I haven't seen you in ages. (Harry,你好吗?好久没看见你 了。) --I'm fit as a fiddle. This exercise program I'm following is terrific. (我身体好极了。我正进行 的这个锻炼计划太棒了。) 37)grin and bear 任劳任怨;毫无怨言地忍受 Model: --Carla,I can't take this job any longer. (Carla,我不能再做这份工作了。) --If you need the money, you'll just have to grin and bear it. ( 如果你需要钱, 你就得忍耐。 ) 38)hit the spot (特指吃了食物,喝了饮料之后)精神完全恢复过来或感到满足;恢复精力;提

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精神 Model: --This Lemonade sure hits the spot.(柠檬汁太提神了。) --And how! (当然了!) 39)keep between the two of us 不让第三者知道,保密 Model: --What I'm going to say is rather personal, so let's keep between the two of us. (我要讲的纯 属私事,所以希望你能保密。) 40)know a thing or two about 略知一二 Model: --Do you think Andy could help us plan the camping trip to West Virginia? (你认为 Andy 会 帮我们计划去西弗吉尼亚州野营吗?) --Well, since he spends every summer there, he might know a thing or two about it. (可能吧。 他每个夏天都去那儿,应该知道一些事儿。) 41)leave no stone unturned 不遗余力;全力以赴 Model: --Lynn left no stone unturned in her research, and handed in an excellent paper. (Lynn 全力 以赴做她的研究,交了一篇优秀的论文。) 42)on cloud nine 沉浸在幸福之中;非常高兴 Model: --Marcia looks like she's on cloud nine. Do you know what made her so happy? (Marcia 好像 沉浸在幸福之中。你知道她为什么这么高兴吗?) --She just had a paper accepted for publication. (她有一篇文章要发表了。) 43)on the tip of one's tongue 一时想不起来,话到嘴边又忘记 Model: --Are you sure you can't remember the name of that record? (你肯定记不起来那张唱片的 名字吗?) --It's just on the tip of my tongue! (我就是一时想不起来了。 44)reach the bottom of the barrel 用完,弹尽粮绝 Model: --Don't you have any other clean shirts? (你还有其它干净衬衫吗?) --I guess I've reached the bottom of the barrel. (我想我已经用完了。) 45)rub sb. the wrong way 使(某人)有点恼火;惹怒;引起反感;烦扰,打搅 Model: --What do you think of our new economics instructor? (你觉得新经济学老师怎么样?) --I don't know. Something about him rubs me the wrong way. (不知怎么的,他有点让我反 感。) 46)scratch the surface 只懂皮毛,很不了解(通常和限制性副词如 only, hardly 等词连用) Model: --You've certainly done a lot of research for your project. (你显然对你的课题做了不少研 究。) --It seems like a lot, but actually I've only scratched the surface. (看上去不少,但事实上我 只懂一些毛皮。) 47)up in the air 尚未决定的;捉摸不定的;悬而未决的

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Model: --Her plans for the weekend are still up in the air. (她尚未决定如何度过这个周末。) 48)wear and tear 磨损;消耗 Model: --Why do you always put on slippers when you go into your apartment? (为什么你老是一进 公寓就穿上拖鞋?) --It saves wear and tear on the carpet. (拖鞋不磨损地毯。) 49)with flying colors 大获全胜;胜利地 Model: --How did Ellen do on her Ancient History exam? (Ellen 古代史考得怎么样?) --She passed with flying colors. (她考得好极了。) 50)get off on the wrong foot 开始就不顺利;一开始就犯了个错误 Model: [1995.5.] --I hate to get off on the wrong foot. (我讨厌一开始就犯错误。) 51)get on someone's nerves 使人不安,使人心烦 Model: [1996.8.] --Why did you come to the meeting late? I left a message with your roommate about the time change. (为什么你开会迟到?我让你的同屋告诉你改时间的事了。) --She has a very short memory and it really gets on my nerves sometimes. (她记性不好,有 时真让我心烦。) 52)give someone a break 不要去管,饶了某人吧 Model: [1994.5.] --Give me a break. I'm nervous enough as it is. (不要管我,我已经够紧张了。) 53)head and shoulders above (在…方面)强于某人 Model: [1991.10.] --In computer programming, Susan is head and shoulders above the rest of us.(在计算机编 程上,Susan 比我们强。) 54)in the red 赤字,负债 Model: [1996.5.] --So far the clubs are about three hundred dollars in the red, and we still have four months to go before membership renewal. ( 到目前为止,俱乐部有 300 元赤字,然而还有 4 个月才 到交会员费的时间。) --Well, we may have to raise our dues.(那么,我们必须提高会员费了。) 55)in the dark 一无所知;不了解情况 Model: [1994.1.] --Do you have any idea what this notice is about? (你知道这通知讲的是什么吗?) --I'm as in the dark as you are. (我也跟你一样不了解情况。)

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