大学英语四六级写作常用短语


1

1. 与时俱进 keep up with the times / keep pace with the times

2. 为将来打下坚实的基础 lay a solid foundation for the future

3. 众志成城 be of one mind

4. 如图所示 as is displayed by the table/ chart/ graph

5. 悬而未决的问题 a pending question

6. 改变局势 change the situation

7. 确切地说 to be precise/ exact

8. 与某人看法一致 share the same opinion with somebody / have the same view

9. 为某人送行 see sb off

10. 解决问题 solve a problem/ find a solution to a problem

11. 建立外交关系 establish diplomatic relations

12. 讲究吃穿 be particular about what one wears and eats

13. 不辜负父母的殷切期望 live up to the keen expectations of parents

14. 吸取教训 draw a lesson from

15. 做业余工作 do a part-time job

16. 上网成隐 get addicted to internet surfing

17. 海外留学 pursue overseas studies

18. 把。。。归功于 owe。。。。to

19. 实现目标 realize/fulfill one‘s aim/ dream

20. 事实并非如此 it is not the case

21. 根据法律 according to the law/ in accordance with the law

22. 在任何情况下 in any case

23. 为祖国做出应有的贡献 make due contributions to our motherland

24. 发挥某人的潜力 exert one‘s potential

25. 时间飞逝 time really flies

26. 成为祖国有用的人才 become a talent to our country

27. 重视 attach importance to

28. 保持身心健康 keep physically fit and mentally healthy

29. 没有捷径 there is no shortcut to

30. 充分利用时间 make good use of time

31. 错过机会 miss the opportunity

32. 下定决心做某事 be determined to do sth.

33. 没有任何意义 There is no sense/ point doing sth

34. 集中精力做某事 concentrate one’s attention on sth

35. 成功做某事 succeed in doing sth

36. 适应当地的生活 adjust oneself to the local life

37. 给某人留下好的印象 leave sb. A favorable impression

38. 虚度光阴 idle away one’s life/ time

39. 积累知识/经验 accumulate knowledge / experience

40. 在一定程度上 to some extent/ to some degree

41. 提出好的建议 put forward a constructive proposal

42. 做好心理上的准备 get mentally prepared

43. 激发学习兴趣 stimulate one’s interest to study

44. 拿出一个解决方案 come up with a solution

45. for example/ for instance

46. 生活水平 standard of living / living standard

47. 申请政府贷款 apply for a bank loan

48. 毫无疑问 there is no doubt that

49. 目前 at present

50. 构建和谐社会 construct a harmonious society


51. 养成不良习惯 fall into a bad habit of smoking

52. 养成好习惯 form/ acquire/develop a good habit

53. 激烈的竞争 fierce competition

54. 良性循环 a good cycle

55. 恶性循环 a vicious cycle

56. 克服困难 overcome a difficulty

57. 徒劳无益 in vain

58. 虚荣心 vanity

59. 起重要作用 play an important role in

60. 保持乐观的态度 adopt/ keep an optimistic attitude

61. 大学生涯 university career

62. 下岗 be laid off

63. 度过难关 come through the difficulty

64. 从长远来说 in the long run/ term

65. 从短期来说 in the short run / term

66. 长远利益 long -term interest 眼前利益 short-term interest

67. 大规模 on the large scale

68. 合资企业 a joint venture

69. 假币 counterfeit banknotes

70. 闲暇时间 in one’s spare time

71. 东道主国家 the host country

72. 光明的前途 be of a promising future/ be of a bright future/prospect

73. 无论国家大小,贫富 regardless of a country’ size and wealth

74. 面临。。。困难 be confronted with a difficulty

75. 代表 on behalf of

76. 参与社会活动 take part in/ participate in social activities

77. 尽情地 to one’s heart’s content

78. 一份耕耘,一分收获 No pains, no gains.

79. 可持续发展 sustainable development

80. 可再生能源 renewable energy 不可再生能源 irrenewable energy

81. 珍惜时间 cherish the precious time
82. 我们应该活到老,学到老 We should live and learn.

83. 自主学习 learn autonomously

84. 自主学习者 an autonomous learner

85. 向…表示感谢 to express deep gratitude to sb

86. 不容否认 there is no denying that…..

87. 越。。。。越。。。。 the more….. the more……

88. 该是。。。的时候了 It is high time we did….

89. 关注的焦点 focus of attention

90. 希望工程 Project Hope

91. 就。。。。而言 as far as …. Is concerned

92. 在某人看来 in one’s view, in one’s opinion, in one’s mind

93. 把理论付诸实践 apply theory to practice

94. 高度重视 attach high importance to

95. 乌云之后总有阳光 Every cloud has a silver lining。

96. 坚持原则 adhere to a principle

97. 维护原则 uphold a principle

98. 得出一个结论 conclude that, reach, come to, arrive at a conclusion that…

99. 每个事物都有两个方面。 Every coins has two sides。 / Every sword has two blades。

100. 虚拟空间 a virtual space

101. 壮观的景色 a spectacular view

102. 这是一个感人的故事。 This is a touching/ moving story。

103. 交通堵塞 traffic jam/ congestion

104. 成上升趋势 on the rise/ increase

105. 成下降趋势 on the decrease/ decline

106. 一个正直的人 a man of integrity

107. 总而言之 in a word/ in brief/ in short, to sum up

108. 已经成为一个全球性的问题 has been a global problem

109. 经过仔细的调查研究 after a careful survey/ investigation

110. 应聘。。。工作 apply for a job

111. 如果有机会的话 Given the chance,If given the chance,

112. 为。。。羞愧 be ashamed of

113. 正如一句谚语所说, Just as a proverb goes,

114. 一场精心设计的骗局 an elaborate fraud

115. 众所周知 as is known to all

116. 有志者事竟成 Where there is a will, there is a way。

117. 欲速则不达 More haste, less speed。

118. 采取积极措施 take positive measures/ actions to do something

119. 希望早日得到你的回复 I am looking forward to your early reply。 I am eager to get your reply at your earliest convenience。

120. 对。。。。有好处 do good to

121. 平易近人 be easy to approach

122. 存在的就是合理的 Whatever is is right。

123. 打破沉默/记录 break the ice / record

124. 偶然看见/碰到 come across

125. 一般说来 generally speaking

126. 普通人这样认为 It is generally believed / thought that 。。。。。

127. 看法一致 there is consensus 。。。

128. 与某人关系良好 get along well with sb。

129. 如果我是你的话 If I were you,

130. 如果你处在我的位置的话。 If you were in my position,

131. 导致 lead to/ result in

132. 追求 run after

133. 容忍某人的过错 tolerate one‘s fault

134. 为。。。付出代价 pay a price for

135. 早熟 premature

136. 面对挫折垂头丧气 feel deflated by failure / frustration

137. 事实胜于雄辩 Action speaks louder than words。

138. 一切皆有可能 Everything is possible。

139. 尖端技术 advanced technology

140. 我写这封信的目的是。。。 I am writing this letter to。。。 / The purpose of this letter is to。。。。

141. 社会经验丰富 be rich in social experience

142. 精通英语 be in good command of English

143. 迎接挑战 meet the challenges

144. 朝阳产业 / 夕阳产业 sunrise industry / sunset industry

145. 疏于练习/锻炼 be lack of practice

146. 愿友谊就象长江之水到永远 I wish our friendship would last forever just as Yangtze River pursues it eternal flow。

147. 利大于弊 The advantages far outweigh its disadvantages。

148. 一个家喻户晓的名字 a household name

149. 被。。。。深深吸引 be deeply fascinated by。。。

150. 综上所述 From what is discussed above,

151. 采纳某人的建议/观点 adopt/take/accept one’s idea/ advice

152. 社会主义经济建设 construction of socialist economy

153. 留下深刻的印象 leave sb。 a deep impression / impress sb deeply

154. 奥运会火炬手 a torchbearer of the Olympic Games

155. 盐城工学院 Yancheng Institute of Technology

156. 满腔热情 with full enthusiasm

157. 人们的健康面临严重的威胁 People’s health is being confronted with a severe threat。

158. 对。。。 感兴趣 show keen interest in。。

159. 弥补代沟 bridge the generation gap

160. 个人发展 personal development

161. 从我们自身做起 start from ourselves

162. 付出相当的努力 make considerable effort to do sth。

163. 达到目标 realize/attain one’s aim /goal accomplish one’s goal

164. 辉煌的成就 brilliant achievements/ accomplishments

165. 开处方 make a prescription

166. 我必须学习来回报父母的养育之恩 I must work hard in return for parents’ care and cultivation。

167. 呼吁某人做某事 appeal to sb to do sth

168. 脱颖而出 stand out

169. 变得越来越猖獗 become more and more rampant

170. 世界的主题是和平和发展。 The main themes of the present world are peace and development。

171. 好久不见。 Long time, no see。

172. 受到你的来信很开心。 I am very happy/ pleased to hear from you。 I am happy to receive your letter。

173. 最近环境问题已经引起了普遍关注。 Recently the environmental problem has caught people’s widespread attention/ concern。

174. 三思而后行 Look before you leap。

175. 每个人生来是平等的。 Everyone is created equal.

176. 适应时代的发展潮流 adjust ourselves to the development of the present age

177. 已经成为我们不可忽视的问题 has become a problem we can’t afford to neglect

178. 没有人不犯错误。 Everyone is liable / likely to make errors/ mistakes/blunders。

179. 让某人失望 let sb down/ disappoint sb

180. 为国争光 bring glory to our country

181. 展示自己的才能 display one‘s talent / ability


182. 对于。。。。人们的态度不尽相同 Attitudes towards 。。。 vary from person yo person / vary from individual to individual。

183. 很多城市出现能源短缺问题 The energy shortage problem occurs in many cities。

184. 数据表明 The data reveal / indicate that 。。。。

185. 出现这种现象的原因是。。。。 There are several reasons to account for the emergence of this problem。

186. 继续深造 further one‘s education

187. 逃课 be absent from English class / play truants

188. 守时 be punctual

189. 爱国的 patriotic

190. 赢得他人的尊敬 win other‘s respect

191. 诚实是做好的美德。 Honesty is the best policy。

192. 很有可能会。。。。 It is very likely that 。。。。

193. 学习是第一位的。 Study comes first。

194. 减轻负担 relieve parents‘ burden

195. 必修课/ 选修课 compulsory courses / optional courses

196. 经济危机 economic crisis

197. 违反政策/规定 violate/break a policy/ rule

198. 公务员 a civil servant

199. 一个多才多艺的学生 a versatile student

200. 存钱 deposit money in the bank
201. 取钱 draw money from the bank

202. 社会地位 social status

203. 社会声誉 social reputation

204. 就业市场 employment market

205. 坚持不懈地做某事 persist in doing sth

206. 继承。。。的光荣传统 inherit the glorious tradition of 。。

207. 受。。的束缚 be confined to。。 / be restricted by。。

208. 高昂的物价 soaring prices

209. 被罚款 be fined

210. 稳步发展 develop steadily

211. 对。。。。感到厌倦 feel/get tired of

212. 把推卸责任 shirk the responsibility

213. 一个深入的调查 an in-depth investigation

214. 相反地 on the contrary

215. 与。。。相比 compared with。。。

216. 有。。。。企图 attempt to do sth

217. 圣火传递 pass the sacred Olympic flames

218. 中国实行计划生育政策 China adopts the family planning policy。

219. 水土保持 conserve land and soil

220. 能够胜任某项工作 can be qualified for a job

221. 每样规则都有例外。 There are some exceptions to this rule。

222. 。。。无法用语言来描述 。。。is beyond description

223. 一个知心朋友 a bosom friend

224. 发光的并不都是金子。 All that glitters is not gold。

225. 一日之计在于晨 An hour in the morning is worth two in the evening。

226. 温室效应 greenhouse effect

227. 根据时间表 according to the schedule

228. 人生的转折点 the turning point of one’s life

229. 追求时髦 run after the fashion

230. 寻找问题的根源 look for the root cause of the question

231. 良好的人际关系 good interpersonal relationship

232. 以事实为根据 be based on the facts

233. 扰乱社会治安 disturb social peace

234. 爱上某人 fall in love with sb。

235. 乡村都市化 urbanization of the rural area

236. 农村地区 the rural area

237. 城市地区 the urban area

238. 替我向你的父母问好! Please remember me to your parents。 / Please give my regards to your parents。

239. 探讨。。。的可能性 explore into the possibilities of。。。

240. 一个可行性方案 a feasible solution

1。交通旅游类
  1)交通规则类

  crash 撞车







cross road 十字路

  drive without license 无证驾驶

  excessive speed 超速

  green light 绿灯

  traffic jam 交通拥挤

  narrow road 窄路

  red light 红灯

  parking place 停车场

  speed limit 速度限制

  traffic light 红绿灯

  traffic police 交通警察

  traffic regulation 交通规则

  zebra stripes 斑马线

  2)旅游类词汇

  check-in 登记入住

  check-out 结帐离开(退房)

  holiday resort 度假区

  one-way ticket 单程机票

  place of sightseeing 游览胜地

  room service 客房服务

  round-trip ticket 来回机票

  sightseeing tour 观光旅游

  star-rated hotel 星级饭店

  tour group 旅游团队

  tour guide 导游

  travel service 旅行社

  vacation tour 度假旅游

  tourist attraction 旅游胜地

  3.社会热点类

  bid for the Olympic Games 申办奥运会

  birth control 计划生育

  brain drain 人才外流

  bubble economy 泡沫经济

  care for senior citizens 关心老年人

  comprehensive national power 综合国力

  compulsory education 义务教育

  computer crime 电脑犯罪

  divorce 离婚  dropout student 失学儿童

  economic globalization\economic integration 经济全球化

  education for all-round development 素质教育

  exam-oriented education 应试教育

  intellectual property rights 知识产权

  juvenile delinquency 青少年犯罪

  knowledge-based economy 知识经济

  laid-off worker 下岗职工

  migrant worker 民工

  net friend 网友

  net citizen 网民

  off line 下线

  online love affair 网恋

  people oriented\people foremost 以人为本

  pioneering spirit 首创精神

  preserve the ecological environment 保护生态环境

  prime time 黄金时段

  puppy love 早恋

  rate of unemployment 失业率

  rural population 乡村人口

  self-protection awareness 自我保护意识

  self-service ticketing 无人售票

  shopping online 网上购物

  single parent family 单亲家庭

  surf the Internet 网上冲浪

  sustainable development 可持续发展

  team spirit 团队精神

  reduce study load 学生减负

  university students’ innovative undertaking 大学生创业

  virtual net 虚拟网络

  win-win situation 双赢局面

  chain debts 三角债

  assistant president 总裁助理

  eliminate illiteracy 扫盲

  excusive agency 专卖店

  New Human Being 新新人类

  online trading platform 网上交易平台

  cost of living\income maintenance 生活费用

  advance with times 与时俱进

  A well-paid job 待遇丰厚的工作




1。独立结构的比较用语
As compared to in comparison

By comparing in contrast

Compared with... likewise

similarly while whereas

2) 连词

accordingly thereforel

additionally what's more

also furtheremore

in spite of.... otherwise

instead of in addition

besides nevertheless

on the contrary alternatively

despite thus

3) 归纳用语

above all finally

all in all generally

most importantly in conclusion

worst of all in general

as a result of in summary

briefly to end with

consequently to sum up

eventually in brief

4) 表示顺序用语

first/ second / third lastly

first of all next

firstly / secondly on the one hand / on the other hand

for one thing / for another to conclude

in the first / second place last of all

to start with last but no least

5) 表示个人观点用语

I think As far as I am concerned

In my opinion From where I stand

I personally think I consider/ believe

To my knowledge I hold the opinion

I maintain that I'd like to point out that

As I see it in my point of view

My opinion is that My feeling is that

As for me.. Personally I agree/ disagree

6) 表示理由用语

As is the case Since

Because / because of That's why

due to The point is that

owing to The reason is that

7) 预测用语

It is assumed that According to the estimate/ prediction

It is estimated that Based on the estimate/ prediction

It is expected that I can foresee that

In the long run It is predicted that

It is supposed that It can be argued that




.经济的快速发展 the rapid development of economy

2.人民生活水平的显著提高/ 稳步增长  the remarkable improvement/ steady growth of people’s living standard

3.先进的科学技术 advanced science and technology

4.面临新的机遇和挑战 be faced with new opportunities and challenges

5.人们普遍认为 It is commonly believed/ recognized that…

6.社会发展的必然结果 the inevitable result of social development

7.引起了广泛的公众关注 arouse wide public concern/ draw public attention

8.不可否认 It is undeniable that…/ There is no denying that…

9.热烈的讨论/ 争论 a heated discussion/ debate

10. 有争议性的问题 a controversial issue

11.完全不同的观点 a totally different argument

12.一些人 …而另外一些人 … Some people… while others…

13. 就我而言/ 就个人而言 As far as I am concerned, / Personally,

14.就…达到绝对的一致 reach an absolute consensus on…

15.有充分的理由支持 be supported by sound reasons

16.双方的论点 argument on both sides

17.发挥着日益重要的作用 play an increasingly important role in…

18.对…必不可少 be indispensable to …

19.正如谚语所说 As the proverb goes:

20.…也不例外 …be no exception

21.对…产生有利/不利的影响 exert positive/ negative effects on…

22.利远远大于弊 the advantages far outweigh the disadvantages.

23.导致,引起 lead to/ give rise to/ contribute to/ result in

24.复杂的社会现象 a complicated social phenomenon

25.责任感 / 成就感 sense of responsibility/ sense of achievement

26. 竞争与合作精神 sense of competition and cooperation

27. 开阔眼界 widen one’s horizon/ broaden one’s vision

28.学习知识和技能 acquire knowledge and skills

29.经济/心理负担 financial burden / psychological burden

30.考虑到诸多因素 take many factors into account/ consideration

31. 从另一个角度 from another perspective

32.做出共同努力 make joint efforts

33. 对…有益 be beneficial / conducive to…

34.为社会做贡献 make contributions to the society

35.打下坚实的基础 lay a solid foundation for…

36.综合素质 comprehensive quality

37.无可非议 blameless / beyond reproach

38.加大了…的可能性 increase the chances of

39.致力于/ 投身于 be committed / devoted to…

40. 应当承认 Admittedly,

41.不可推卸的义务 unshakable duty

42. 满足需求 satisfy/ meet the needs of…

43.可靠的信息源 a reliable source of information

44.宝贵的自然资源 valuable natural resources

45.因特网 the Internet (一定要由冠词,字母I 大写)

46.方便快捷 convenient and efficient

47.在人类生活的方方面面 in all aspects of human life

48.环保(的) environmental protection / environmentally friendly

49.社会进步的体现 a symbol of society progress

50.科技的飞速更新 the ever-accelerated updating of science and technology

51.对这一问题持有不同态度 hold different attitudes towards this issue

52.支持前/后种观点的人 people / those in favor of the former/ latteropinion

53.有/ 提供如下理由/ 证据 have/ provide the following reasons/ evidence

54.在一定程度上 to some extent/ degree / in some way

55. 理论和实践相结合 integrate theory with practice

56. …必然趋势 an irresistible trend of…

57.日益激烈的社会竞争 the increasingly fierce social competition

58.眼前利益 immediate interest/ short-term interest

59.长远利益. interest in the long run

60.…有其自身的优缺点 … has its merits and demerits/ advantages and disadvantages

61.扬长避短 Exploit to the full one’s favorable conditions and avoid unfavorable ones

62.取其精髓,去其糟粕 Take the essence and discard the dregs.

63.对…有害 do harm to / be harmful to/ be detrimental to

64.交流思想/ 情感/ 信息 exchange ideas/ emotions/ information

65.跟上…的最新发展 keep pace with / catch up with/ keep abreast with

the latest development of …

66.采取有效措施来… take effective measures to do sth.

67.…的健康发展 the healthy development of …

68.有利有弊 Every coin has its two sides.

No garden without weeds.

69.对…观点因人而异 Views on …vary from person to person.

70.重视 attach great importance to…

71.社会地位 social status

72.把时间和精力放在…上 focus time and energy on…

73.扩大知识面 expand one’s scope of knowledge

74.身心两方面 both physically and mentally

75.有直接/间接关系 be directly / indirectly related to…

76. 提出折中提议 set forth a compromise proposal

77. 可以取代 “think”的词 believe, claim, maintain, argue, insist, hold the opinion/ belief that

78.缓解压力/ 减轻负担 relieve stress/ burden

79.优先考虑/发展… give (top) priority to sth.

80.与…比较 compared with…/ in comparison with

81. 相反 in contrast / on the contrary.

82.代替 replace/ substitute / take the place of

83.经不起推敲 cannot bear closer analysis / cannot hold water

84.提供就业机会 offer job opportunities

85. 社会进步的反映 mirror of social progress

86.毫无疑问 Undoubtedly, / There is no doubt that…

87.增进相互了解 enhance/ promote mutual understanding

88.充分利用 make full use of / take advantage of

89.承受更大的工作压力 suffer from heavier work pressure

90.保障社会的稳定和繁荣 guarantee the stability and prosperity of our society

91.更多地强调 put more emphasis on…

92.适应社会发展 adapt oneself to the development of society

93.实现梦想 realize one’s dream/ make one’s dream come true

94. 主要理由列举如下 The main reasons are listed as follows:

95. 首先 First, Firstly, In the first place, To begin with

96.其次 Second, Secondly, In the second place

97. 再次 Besides,In addition, Additionally, Moreover, Furthermore

98. 最后 Finally, Last but not the least, Above all, Lastly,

99. 总而言之 All in all, To sum up, In summary, In a word,

100.我们还有很长的路要走 We still have a long way to go

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