2010年高考英语试题分类汇编——非谓语动词(word2003)


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2010 年高考英语试题分类汇编——非谓语动词 (10 福建) 25. Lots of rescue workers were working around the clock, Province after the earthquake.A. sending sent25. 答案:A 答案: 考点: 考点:非谓语动词 解析: 解析:表示伴随.从 "were working"可以判断是进行时态,排除 C. 34. In April, thousands of holidaymakers remained sticking B 考点: 考点:remain 后接动词的用法 解析: 解析:remain 是高考的重点词汇.当它做系动词时,后面接过去分词作表语. B. stuck abroad due to the volcanic ash cloud.A. D. to have stuck34. 答案: 答案: B. to send supplies to Yushu, Qinghai C. having sent D. to have

C. to be stuck

(10 上海) 33. Lucy has a great sense of humor and always keeps her colleagues A. amused 答案: 答案:A 考点: 考点:本题考查非谓语动词. 解析: 解析:keep+sb. /sth. +done,根据句意,sb.与它后面的动词成被动关系,故选 A. 35. the city center, we saw a stone statue of about 10 meters in height. A. Approaching 答案: 答案:A 考点: 考点:本题考查非谓语动词. 解析: 解析:考察现在分词作状语,表示正在进行或主动的动作.此时分词的逻辑主语就是主句 的主语,因此要注意人称,时态和语态的一致性. 40. Thai is the only way we can imagine A. reducing 答案: 答案:B 考点: 考点:此处考查非谓语动词. B. to reduce the overuse of water in students' bathrooms. C. reduced D. reduce B. Approached C. To approach D. To be approached B. amusing C. to amuse with her stories. D. to be amused

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解析: 此处应该用不定式 the way to do sth 表示做……的途径, 方式. only way to do……,we the 解析: can imagine 做定语,前面省略了 that.

(10 安徽) 30. He had a wonderful childhood, _____with his mother to all corners of the world A. travel 答案:D. 答案: 考点: 考点:本题考查非谓语动词作状语. 解析: 解析:主语(he)与动词 travel 之间存在主动关系,故用 traveling 作原因状语. B. to travel C. traveled D. traveling

(10 湖南) 21. Listen! Do you hear someone A. calling 21. 答案:A 答案: 考点: 考点:考查非谓语动词. 解析: 该空在句中为非谓语动词作宾补, 根据 someone 与 call 的主动关系排除 D 项. hear 解析: 后接不定式作宾补时应省略 to,由此排除 C 项.由 Listen 可判断此处表示正在求救,故选 A 项. 26. Dina, agency. A. struggling 26. 答案:C 答案: 考点: 考点:考查非谓语动词. 解析: 解析:该空,分词短语作时间状语,其逻辑主语 Dina 与 struggle 为主动关系,故排除 B 项. 由剧中的 finally 可知非谓语动词表示的动作发生在句中谓语 took a position 之前,故用现在分 词的完成主动式. 30. So far nobody has claimed the money A. discovered C. discovering 30. 答案:A 答案:
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for help? C. to call D. called

B. call

for months to find a job as a waitress, finally took a position at a local advertising

B. struggled

C. having struggled

D. to struggle

in the library. B. to be discovered D. having discovered

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考点: 考点:考查非谓语动词 解析: 该空在句中作后置定语修饰 the money, 根据 the money 与 discover 的被动关系, 排除 C, 解析: D 两项.B 项表示的是"将要被发现"的意思,根据句意"到目前为止还没有人来认领在图书 馆被发现的钱"可判断选 A 项.

(10 江西) 24 The lady walked around the shops, _______ an eye out for bargains. A keep 答案: 答案:C 考点: 考点:考察非谓语. 解析: 解析:句子主语 lady 和 keep 之间是主动关系, 而且 walk 和 keep 同时发生. 32 There were many talented actors out there just waiting ______. A to discover discovered 答案: 答案:B. 考点: 考点:考察非谓语. 解析: 解析:演员等待被发现, 用被动, 发现发生在等待之后, 所以用不定式. B to be discovered C discovered D being B kept C keeping D to keep

(10 山东) 23. I have a lot of readings _____ before the end of this term. A. completing C. completed 答案: 答案:B 考点: 考点:本题考查非谓语动词的使用. 解析: " 解析:句意应为"这个学期结束前,我要做很多阅读练习. 由于时间状语 before the end of this term 表达未来的时间,所以空格处使用动词不定式表示将来,充当 readings 的定语. B. to complete D. being completed 高考资源

(10 天津) 12. It rained heavily in the south,
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serious flooding in several provinces.
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A. caused 答案: 答案:C.

B. having caused

C. causing

D. to cause

考点: 考点:考查非谓语动词. 句意:南方下了大雨,在几个省区造成严重洪灾. 句意 解析: 空格后 serious flooding 是 rained heavily 的后果, 而且句子主语 it 和 cause 之间存在主动 解析: 关系,所以此处要用动词的 ing 形式作结果状语

(10 四川) 4. A great number of students A. to question C. questioned B. to be questioned D. questioning said they were forced to practise the piano.

答案: 答案:C w_w*w.k_s*5_u.c_o m 考点: 考点:考查非谓语动词作定语. 解析: 解析: question 与 students 存在被动关系,question 表示的动作也已完成,故用过去分词. 17.The lawyer listened with full attention, A.not trying C.to try not B.trying not D.not to try to miss any point.

答案: 考点: 答案:Bw_w w. k#s5_u.c o*m 考点:考查现在分词短语做伴随状语及动词不定式的否定式. 解析: 解析:句中 listen 和 try not to miss 为同时进行的动作,故用现在分词的一般式做伴随状语.又 动词不定式的否定式要在其前加 not.故选 B.

(10 全国Ⅰ) 27.Mrs.White showed her students some old maps ______ from the library. A. to borrow 27 题 答案:C 答案: 句意:怀特夫人像学生们展示了一些从图书馆借来的老地图. 解答:根据选项此题考察非谓语动词,题干中空格划在名词 maps 后,空格后部分是对 maps 解释说明,因此此题考察非谓语动词做定语.非谓语动词做状语,首先判断动词与所 修饰名词的主动还是被动关系,borrow 和 maps 是被动关系,被动关系时非谓语动词形 式有三种: to be done, being done, done,to be done 表示动作将要发生,being done 表
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B. to be borrowed

C. borrowed D. borrowing

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示动作正在发生,done 表示用作已经完成,根据句意 borrow 的动作已经完成,因此选 择 C.

34. With Father's Day around the corner ,I have taken some money out of the bank ______ presents for my dad. A. buy B. to buy C. buying D. to have bought

34 题 答案:B 答案: 句意:父亲节将要到来,为了给爸爸买礼物我已经从银行取了一些钱. 解答: 根据选项此题考察非谓语动词. 题干中空格划在名词后, 但是空格后的部分不是对 bank 解释说明,而是说明取钱的目的,因此此题中非谓语动词做目的状语,非谓语动词中 不定式做状语用来表示目的,因此选择 B.

(10 江苏) 28. The retired man donated most of his savings to the school damaged by the earthquake in Yushu ,________the students to return to their classrooms. w_w w. k#s5_u.c o*mA. enabling B. having enabled C. to enable D. to have enabled

选 A. enabling 表示他在捐献后的结果 (陕西) 16._____ from the top of the tower, the south foot of the mountain is a sea of trees . A. Seen B. Seeing C. Having seen D. To see

A.【解析】考查非谓语动词.此处是非谓语动词做状语,逻辑主语是句子的主语,非谓语动词 与逻辑主语是被动关系,且其动作在谓语动词动作之前已经完成,用过去分词,选 A. 19. His first book A. published next month is based on a true story. B. to be published C. to publish D. being published

B.【解析】考查非谓语动词.此处是非谓语动词做后置定语,由时间状语 next month 可知所填 非谓语动词表示将来的动作,用动词不定式,其逻辑主语是所修饰的名词 book,不定式与逻辑 主语是被动关系,故用不定式的被动式,选 B.

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(10 全国Ⅱ) 11.Though_________to see us, A. urprising 【答案】C 答案】 【解析】省略结构和非谓语动词考查.补完整为:Though he was surprised,主语一致,省略 解析】 主语和系动词. B. as surprised the professor gave us a warm welcome. C. urprised D being surprised

(10 湖北) 72. ________(油漆成)red, the building stands out among the rest and looks very attractive. (paint) 72. 答案: 答案: "painted" 考点:非谓语动词 .考点 考点: 解析: 解析:过去分词作状语,主语 "the building"是动作 "paint"的作用对象 75. After she completes the project, she'll have ________(没什么要担心的). (worry) 75. 答案:nothing to worry about 答案: 考点: 考点:不定式作后置定语 解析: 解析:动词 "worry"与被修饰的名词 "nothing" 形成动宾关系,由于 "worry" 是不及 物动词,后面须加上加上介词 "about" .

(10辽宁) 25.We were astonished _______ the temple still in its original condition. A.finding 答案: 答案:B 句意:我们吃惊地发现那座庙仍然还是原来的状况. 解析: 解析:考查非谓语动词.be astonished 后应该跟动词不定式做状语. B.to find C.find D.to be found

(10 辽宁) 35.Alexander tried to get his work A. to recognize 答案: 答案:D
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_______in the medical circles. C. recognize D. recognized

B. recognizing

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句意:亚历山大试图让他的工作在医学圈内得到认可. 解析: 解析:考查非谓语动词用法.宾语 work 和 recognize 之间存在被动关系,所以用过去分词作宾 语补足语.

(10 北京) 21. A. Looking 21. 答案:A 答案: 考点: 考点:本题考查非谓语动词. 解析: 解析:look 与句子主语 I 为主动关系,因此用 looking. 25. I'm calling to enquire about the position A. advertised C. advertising 25. 答案:A 考点:本题考查非谓语动词. 句意:我打电话来咨询下昨天中国日报上刊登职位的信息. 解析: the 此处的分词可以理解为一个定语从句 which was advertised 解析: position 肯定是被 advertise, in yesterday's China Daily. B. to be advertised D. having advertised at my classmates' faces, I read the same excitement in their eyes. B. Look C. To look D. Looked

(10 重庆) 30. The news shocked the public, _______to great concern about students' safety at school. A. having led 30. 答案 C 考点: 考点:考查非谓语动词. 解析: 解析:句意为:这个消息使公众震惊,也引起了人们对学生在校安全的关注.The news 和 lead 之间是主谓关系,并作 shocked 的伴随状语,所以用 leading. 34. Many buildings in the city need repairing, but the one ______first is the library. A. repaired 34. 答案 D 考点: 考点:考查非谓语动词. 解析: 解析: the one 指代前面提到的 buildings 与 repair 是动宾关系,由前半句房屋需要修缮可知修
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B. led

C. leading

D. to lead

B. being repaired

C. repairing

D. to be repaired

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缮这个动作发生在 need 之后,所以用 to be repaired.

(10 浙江) 20. The traffic rule says young children under the age of four and ____ less than 40 pounds must be in a child safety seat. A. being weighed C. weighed 答案: 答案:D 考点: 考点:本题考查非谓语动词. 解析: 解析:根据句子结构:主语:the traffic rule;谓语动词:says;宾语从句:young children under the age of four and ____ less than 40 pounds must be in a child safety seat.宾语从句中的主干为: young children must be in a child safety seat.under the age of four and ____ less than 40 pounds 用 于修饰宾语从句主语 children.动词 weigh 与名词 children 是主动关系,所以选择 weighing. 句意:交通法则规定四岁以下并且体重不超过四十磅的婴儿必须坐在婴儿安全座上. B. to weigh D. weighing

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