大学英语作文模板


大學英語作文

英文作文種類
? 1 觀點型作文 ? 2 辯證型作文 2.1 辨析對立觀點 2.2 批駁錯誤觀點

觀點型作文結構
? ? ? ? 1 重述題目所提到的現象 2 產生的原因/造成的問題 3 措施/建議 4 總結

社會問題及解決方法
? Nowadays, there exists an increasingly serious social/economic/environmental problem. P. has increasingly become a common concern of the public. ? (原因)There are a couple of reasons booming this problem/phenomenon. For one reason,_____原因1. For another,___原因2 ? (造成的問題)P. has caused substantial impact on the society and our daily life, which has been articulated in the following aspects. For one thing,___問題1. For another, ___問題2 ? (措施/方法)A dozen of measures are supposed to take to prevent P. from bringing us more harm.(How to solve the problem has become a hot issue among many people.)For one thing,___. 措施 1For another, ___措施2. ? Only in this way can we successfully solve the problem.

偏重負面現象
? With the development of science and human civilization, many formerly unimaginable things come into reality. Some of them have positive effects on our life, but some are distasteful. The phenomenon of ___________ (社會现象) is an example of the former / latter one. ? There are many factors that may account for it, and the following are the most conspicuous aspects. To start with, __________________ (原因1). Furthermore, ________________ (原因2). Eventually, ____________________________ (原因3). ? Good as ____________ (主题现象) is, it has, unfortunately, its disadvantages. The apparent example is that _____________ (缺点例子1). In addition, _____________________ (缺点例子2).Further more _________________ (缺点例子3). ? On the whole, the phenomenon is one of the results of the progress of the modern society. There is still a long way for us to improve / eliminate __________ (社會现象) and make our life more comfortable.

積極/消極現象
? Nowadays many people prefer____________ (主題) because it plays a significant role in our daily life. Generally, its advantages can be seen as follows. On the one hand, ____________(优点1). On the other hand, ____________(主题的优点2). ? But everything can be divided into two. The negative aspects are also apparent. One of the important disadvantages is that ___________________ (主题的缺点1). To make matters worse, ___________________ (主题的缺点2). ? Through the above analysis, I believe that the positive aspects far outweigh its negative aspects. Whatever effects it has, one thing is certain, ________ (主題) itself is neither good nor bad. It is the uses to which it is put that determine its value to our society.

辨証型作文結構
? 1 引入主題,說出2种不同觀點 (要批駁的 觀點). ? 2 說出自己的觀點(指出要批駁觀點的錯誤) ? 3 論據 ? 4 總結

辨析對立觀點1
? There is no consensus among the people as to the view of _________ (主题). Some people hold the idea that __________ (观点A). On the other hand, others may have a quite different view. According to them, ____________ (观点B). ? Weighing the pros and cons of these arguments, I am inclined to agree with the latter. ? The reasons are obvious. First of all, _______(论据1)。 Furthermore, _______(论据2). Among all of the supporting evidences, one is the strongest. That is, _______(论据3) ? Admittedly, the former point of view seems reasonable in saying to some extent, but the latter is more convincing.

辨析對立觀點2
? When asked about ______________ (主题), some people hold the idea that ________________ (观点A). As far as they are concerned, _____________ (展开观点A). ? But I could not agree with them in several points. In my opinion, _________________ (观点B). The reasons for my choice are listed as follows. ? In the first place, ___________________________ (支持观点B的 理由1). In the second place, ______________________________ (支持观点B的理由2). In the third place, ___________________ (支 持观点B的理由3). ? As a matter of fact, there are some other reasons to explain my choice. For me, I agree to the thought that ______________________________ (重申自己的观点).

批駁錯誤觀點1
? Some people are in favor of the idea of doing A. They point out the fact that _______(支持A的原因). ? However, other people stand on a different ground. They consider it harmful to do A. They firmly point out that (反对A 的理由1)。 ? There is some truth in both arguments. But I think the advantages of A overweigh the disadvantages. In addition to the above-mentioned negative effects it might bring about_______(反对A 的理由2), A also may _______(反对A 的理由3). ? A natural conclusion from the above discussion is that_______总结观点.

批駁錯誤觀點2
? Many people argue that _______(错误观点). By saying that, they mean _______(对这个观点的进一步解释). An example they have presented is that _______(一个例子). ? There might be some element of truth in these people’s belief. But if we consider it in depth, we will feel no reservation to conclude that (与错误观点相反的观点). ? There are a number of reasons behind my belief. For one thing, ________________ (我不同意的理由1). For another, ______________ (我不同意的理由2). ? For the reasons mentioned above, I firmly believe ____________ (重申观点).

表次序
? firstly,in the first place,first of all,to begin with ? secondly,in the second place,next,also, besides, ? furthermore,moreover,in addition, what is more, ? for one thing… for another,finally

優缺點
? ? ? ? ? ? be of great benefit to sb./sth. …have (or has) a lot of advantages over… …do (a lot of) good to sb. …be good for sb./sth. …do damage to sth. It benefits us in many ways/respects.

原因
? Several factors are responsible for the phenomenon. ? Their opinion is based on the fact that… ? Those who are in favor of the …believe that… ? These/ The following are my reasons for my choice ? The reason for…is that +

諺語
? As a popular saying goes, “Every coin has two sides”. ? As a proverb says, “Everything has two sides”. On the one hand…. On the other hand,….So we should look at the matter from two sides. ? As is known to all, “No pains, no gains”. ? A good beginning is half done. ? More haste, less speed.

措施/辦法
? We should take effective/ drastic measures to stop/ prevent / protect… ? There are several ways to cope with the problem. ? It’s urgent for us to do something about this. ? We should spare no effort / try every means to… ? Perhaps the best choice is the combination of the two…

結尾句型
? As far as I am concerned, I agree with the opinion that… ? From the above analysis, we can see that…/ we come to the conclusion that… ? In conclusion, I believe that ________. We can _______only if _______, From what has been discussed above, we may reasonably arrive at the conclusion that ? We, therefore, can make clear from the above discussion (that)

注意事項
? 1 模板具有局限性,不可能面面俱到。模板 是死的,題目是活的 ? 2 模板須經過實踐並結合自己習慣進行一定 修改 ? 3


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